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Plant Reference List - Ca to Ci
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446-003-1     Calamagrostis acutiflora (x) 'Avalanche'     ( Variegated feather-reed grass )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
This is essentially a shorter, variegated form of the popular Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'. One other variegated feather-reed grass known as 'Overdam' has white to cream margins on its leaf blades. Calamagrostis 'Avalanche' has a white stripe along the center of the blades. It is easy to grow, compact and basically evergreen at the base. As a cool season grass, 'Avalanche' blooms in June. The just-opened inflorescences are a tawny pink but turn beige as the season progresses.  June. bloom   3-4 ft. x 2 ft.

297-001-1     Calamagrostis acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'     ( Karl Foerster's feather reed grass. )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' is one of the earliest tall grasses to bloom in the spring. Blooms change from spring green to burgundy then fade to a tawny gold in the fall. This is sterile and will not self seed. Arching mid-green foliage. Cut back at the end of winter. Excellent in containers. A Great Plant Picks selection.  June. bloom   6 ft. x 18 in.

297-002-1     Calamagrostis acutiflora 'Overdam'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The cream margined blades of Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Overdam' form a less vigorous clump than the related form 'Karl Foerster.' The purple brown inflorescences only reach 4 feet in our gardens and fade to a gray pink.  June. bloom   4 ft. x 1 ft.

297-004-1     Calamagrostis brachytricha     ( Korean feather grass )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Calamagrostis brachytrichs is distinct from the other Calamagrostis we grow because it has broader leaves than the others and because it is a warm season grass waiting until the end of the summer to bloom. It has a similar pink tinged inflorescence to the others. One other distinction, Korean feather reed grass is happy in somewhat moister areas as well as at the edges of the woods. It is slow to form a clump.  Late August, September. bloom   4 ft. x 2-3 ft.

530-001D4     Callicarpa bodnieri var. giraldii 'Profusion'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Callicarpa bodnieri var. giraldii 'Profusion' is unforgettable in the autumn and winter when its stems are dense with dark violet fruit. In spring, the young foliage is tinged with bronze as it emerges. The leaves are somewhat rounded narrowing at the stem end. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Midsummer. bloom   10 ft. x 8 ft.

530-003D4     Callicarpa dichotoma 'Early Amethyst'     ( Purple Beautyberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Pink flowers
Callicarpa dichotoma 'Early Amethyst' is a graceful, arching shrub. The tapering leaves are arranged opposite each other and point both out and downward from the long stems creating a somewhat cascading effect. In October, axillary clusters of small green berries (numbering 20 plus per cluster) appear. As they ripen, they darken to bright shocking violet, a color unexpected at this time of year. Even when it was young, 'Early Amethyst' provided modest winter color. However, because the berries are rather tiny, it was not until the shrub reached its mature size and produced vast quantities of berries that we really enjoyed a dazzling display.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

530-007D4     Callicarpa japonica 'Leucocarpa'     ( Beautyberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White to Pink flowers
Japan, Taiwan, Eastern China. Beautyberry shrubs are mostly grown for their ornamental berries that appear in the autumn. Many gardeners are familiar with the surprisingly vivid dark violet berries of Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii 'Profusion'. Callicarpa japonica 'Leucocarpa' has yet another surprise. Its berries are bright white. We first saw it in a garden in Kyoto, Japan, in a dazzling display next to neighboring specimens with violet berries. Often the berries will persist into the late fall while the yellowing foliage is beginning to fall.  July. bloom   10 ft. x 6 ft.

530-005D4     Callicarpa japonica 'Snowstorm'     ( Beautyberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Beautyberries really shine in the autumn garden when their brilliant violet berries shake up the autumnal color scheme . Recently, however, beautyberry selections with showy folliage have been introduced that allow this shrub to have a strong presence even in the spring and summer. Callicarpa japonica 'Snowstorm' begins the season with fresh white leaves that become misted and mottled with green as they develop. The white and green is complemented with showy violet central veins and leaf stems. Because it is a compact grower, it is suitable for a smaller garden.  Late summer. bloom   4 ft. x 4 ft.

701-009D4     Callistemon pityoides 'Mt. Kosciuszko Form'     ( Alpine bottlebrush )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Greenish Yellow flowers
Australia. Over the years in our garden, Callistemon pityoides 'Mt. Kosciuzko Form' has had to deal with record cold, record snow and occasional encroachment from neighboring plants. Through it all, this shrub has been a trouper. Its thin needle-like evergreen foliage makes it look like a dwarf conifer from a distance. Its dense upright growth seems to have protected it from snow, something it surely experienced on Mt. Kosciuszko. We learned about this bottlebrush from our friends at Xera Plants when we were installing a no-water garden. This was one of their recommendations and it has certainly stood the no-water test. Its subtle green yellow bottlebrush flowers are not large or showy but we don't mind. We admire it for the texture its foliage gives the bed and its compact habit.  Mid to late summer. bloom   40 in. x 40 in.

701-009-1     Callistemon pityoides 'Mt. Kosciuszko Form'     ( Alpine bottlebrush )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Greenish Yellow flowers
Australia. Over the years in our garden, Callistemon pityoides 'Mt. Kosciuzko Form' has had to deal with record cold, record snow and occasional encroachment from neighboring plants. Through it all, this shrub has been a trouper. Its thin needle-like evergreen foliage makes it look like a dwarf conifer from a distance. Its dense upright growth seems to have protected it from snow, something it surely experienced on Mt. Kosciuszko. We learned about this bottlebrush from our friends at Xera Plants when we were installing a no-water garden. This was one of their recommendations and it has certainly stood the no-water test. Its subtle green yellow bottlebrush flowers are not large or showy but we don't mind. We admire it for the texture its foliage gives the bed and its compact habit.  Mid to late summer. bloom   40 in. x 40 in.

701-002D4     Callistemon 'Woodlander's Red'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
After five years (including two very bad winters) in our gardens, Callistemon 'Woodlander's Red' has reached 6 ft. in height with an equal spread. We are always excited to see its red bottle-brush blooms showing off against the gold and green foliage of a neighboring Cornus 'Gouschaltii'.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

701-002-1     Callistemon 'Woodlander's Red'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
After five years (including two very bad winters) in our gardens, Callistemon 'Woodlander's Red' has reached 6 ft. in height with an equal spread. We are always excited to see its red bottle-brush blooms showing off against the gold and green foliage of a neighboring Cornus 'Gouschaltii'.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

787-001D4     Calycanthus 'Hartlage Wine'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Wine Red flowers
Our specimen of Calycanthus 'Hartlage Wine' is fully mature and blooms from spring until the autumn. Invariably, customers fall under the charm of its 3-inch wine red flowers shaped like star magnolias, its handsome slightly glossy rounded leaves, and the delicate fragrance lingering in the air around it. In 1991, when Seattle area landscape designer Richard Hartlage was in graduate school at the J.C. Raulston Arboretum, he crossed Calycanthus chinensis with the native allspice Calycanthus florida. This is the product of that cross which is now called Calycanthus x raulstonii. This mid-sized, deciduous shrub is easily pruned and shaped to accommodate a variety of landscapes. There are few shrubs which offer such a long-term display of exotic looking flowers as this wonderful hybrid.  Spring, summer into the autumn. bloom   8-10 ft. x 6-8 ft.

333-002D4     Camassia esculenta       
Sun     Zones 4-10 Blue flowers
We purchased this bulb as C. esculenta which is considered synonymous with C. quamash. In all ways, Camassia esculenta is bigger and more vigorous than any of the forms of C. quamash that we have grown from seed. Blue star flowers on thick stems up to 3 feet never fail to excite visitors to our stock field. Nice glossy strap foliage adds to the appeal of this plant.  Spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

012-047     Campanula alliariifolia       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Campanula alliariifolia bear spikes of down-facing white bells in summer. Well-textured, triangular foliage forms a basal mound.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 18 in.

012-020     Campanula 'Birch Hybrid'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Blue flowers
In our gardens, Campanula 'Birch Hybrid' continues producing its bell-shaped flowers well into autumn. It is good in rock gardens as well as the front of borders. Try it with blue fescue or other shorter grasses for a lovely effect. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer to autumn. bloom   4 in. x 20 in.

012-020-Qt     Campanula 'Birch Hybrid'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Blue flowers
In our gardens, Campanula 'Birch Hybrid' continues producing its bell-shaped flowers well into autumn. It is good in rock gardens as well as the front of borders. Try it with blue fescue or other shorter grasses for a lovely effect. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer to autumn. bloom   4 in. x 20 in.

012-001     Campanula carpatica     ( Bellflower )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White, Blue or Violet flowers
With its relatively large, upward facing bell-shaped flowers, Campanula carpatica is one of the showiest bellflowers. It forms attractive low mounding clumps that stay in bloom for extended periods during the summer, The rounded, almost heart-shaped leaves are medium green and display the flowers to their best effect. These are seedlings and their flower colors will vary from plant to plant.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12-24 in.

012-033     Campanula carpatica 'Karl Foerster'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Cobalt Blue flowers
Campanula carpatica 'Karl Foerster' is a tribute to the well-respected German plantsman who introduced so many excellent plants to our gardens. The large, deep blue, bell-shaped flowers start early and continue to bloom off and on through the season. The basal rosette remains evergreen.  Summer. bloom   8 in. x 12 in.

012-094     Campanula carpatica 'White Clips' ('Weisse Clips')       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Campanula carpatica 'Weisse Clips' is a compact form of the species with numerous large white bell flowers. In our lower shade garden, this tidy, mounding plant continues to bloom all summer into the autumn.  Summer. bloom   8 in. x 24 in.

012-005     Campanula collina       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Purple-Blue flowers
Campanula collina bears upright racemes of richly colored bells. This slow, creeping herbaceous perennial accents our Texture Garden over a very long summer season. Needs good drainage. From the Caucasus.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 8 in.

012-077     Campanula 'Dickson's Gold'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Lavender Blue flowers
Campanula 'Dickson's Gold' is lovely along a dappled path. The low mounds of scalloped lime green-to-gold foliage seem to glow. During the summer, they are accented with delicate lavender blue flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 8-10 in.

012-089     Campanula garganica       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
We like to plant Campanula garganica in pools of three or more to serve as underplantings along our paths. The modest cushions of small, toothed, kidney-shaped leaves are dense with attractive upward and outward facing, starry blue flowers much of the summer.  July to September. bloom   2 in. x 12 in.

012-006     Campanula garganica 'Major'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac Blue flowers
Campanula garganica 'Major' bears evergreen cushions of small, tooth-edged, kidney-shaped leaves that are spangled with stems of up-facing blue flowers. From S. Europe.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 5 in.

012-073     Campanula glomerata 'Joan Elliott'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rich Violet flowers
Campanula glomerata `Joan Elliott' is an attractive upright perennial with stems lined with dark violet bell-flowers.  Summer. bloom   16 in.

012-082     Campanula glomerata 'Schneekrone' ('Crown of Snow')       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
In our gardens, Campanula glomerata 'Schneekrone' ('Crown of Snow')forms a true "crown of snow" but, because of the dense heads of bloom, this sometimes gets floppy during our heavy rains. Be prepared to give it a little support.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   24 in. x 36 in.

012-051     Campanula glomerata var. alba       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Campanula glomerata var. alba is an extraordinarily vigorous rhizomatous clump-former. Flowers appear in terminal clusters. Cut back to encourage repeat bloom.  Summer. bloom   18 in.

012-052     Campanula glomerata var. dahurica       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Violet Blue flowers
Campanula glomerata var. dahurica is a vigorous, clump-forming grower with tall sturdy stems and dark satiny bell flowers. Easy to grow.  Summer. bloom   30 in.

012-060     Campanula kinokawamae       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White/Maroon flowers
Many thanks to Japanese nurseryman Kiyoshige Yamaguchi for giving us this newly found species. Campanula kinokawamae is stoloniferous, fast growing, but very dwarf, this plant forms dense mats of crinkled green foliage with 1.5-inch bells dangling on 4-inch stems. The bells are whitish on the outside and densely stippled maroon on the insides. A unique part-shade ground cover.  Summer to autumn. bloom   4 in. x indefinite.

012-054D4     Campanula lanata     ( Woolly bellflower )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Native to rocky crags and cliffs on the Balkan Penninsula, Campanula lanata is a long-blooming perennial that has made itself at home in our mixed borders. The common name, Woolly bellflower, attests to the fine hairs that cover its heart-shaped leaves and stems giving them a woolly feel. The spikes of down-facing white flowers are attractive. The five tepal have fused into a tube with their tips recurving slightly.  July to September. bloom   6-12 in x 6-9 in.

012-040-D4     Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Violet Blue flowers
Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood' is a very dark flowered form of the species. This has long been admired by customers along our Fuchsia Path and we are happy to have it available. Terminal clusters of outward facing bells on erect stems. Try this in a woodland setting.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 24 in.

012-040-1     Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Violet Blue flowers
Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood' is a very dark flowered form of the species. This has long been admired by customers along our Fuchsia Path and we are happy to have it available. Terminal clusters of outward facing bells on erect stems. Try this in a woodland setting.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 24 in.

012-040     Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Violet Blue flowers
Campanula latifolia 'Brantwood' is a very dark flowered form of the species. This has long been admired by customers along our Fuchsia Path and we are happy to have it available. Terminal clusters of outward facing bells on erect stems. Try this in a woodland setting.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 24 in.

012-007     Campanula persicifolia     ( Peach-leaved belllower )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender Blue flowers
For many years we let this species of bluebells naturalize in our Four Seasons Garden where the effect of masses of blue flowers was well-photographed by our customers. During a recent garden renovation, we lifted the Campanula persicifolia clumps and are using them to enhance other parts of the garden. The outward facing, large-cupped flowers blooming on slender stems have long been a staple of perennial borders. We sell many named cultivars but this is an unnamed lavender blue form. (Occasionally white seedlings do occur.)  Early and midsummer. bloom   36 in. x 12 in.

012-019     Campanula persicifolia 'Alba'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Campanula persicifolia 'Alba' is a white flowered form of the peach-leaved bellflower with stately spikes of outward facing bell-shaped flowers.  July to August. bloom   3 ft. x 1 ft.

012-016     Campanula persicifolia 'Chettle Charm'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White/Violet flowers
Campanula persicifolia 'Chettle Charm' is a willow-leafed beauty that has large bell-shaped flowers of white edged in soft violet. Makes an excellent cut flower.  Early to midsummer. bloom   36 in. x 12 in.

012-065     Campanula persicifolia 'Telham Beauty'     ( Peach-leaved bellflower )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Light blue flowers
The stunning cup shaped flowers of Campanula persicifolia 'Telham Beauty' rise on slender stems from early to midsummer. Lovely in the garden and in a vase. Harvesting stems for cut flowers will actually lengthen the bloom period.  Early to midsummer. bloom   18 in. x 36 in.

012-092     Campanula persicifolia 'Yellowleaf'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac Blue flowers
We acquired Campanula persicifolia 'Yellowleaf' from our friends at Collector's Nursery. It bears lovely peach-leaved bellflowers. The foliage is truly golden with the rosettes brightening up even the winter garden.  July to August. bloom   3 ft. x 1 ft.

012-029     Campanula portenschlagiana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender flowers
Campanula portenschlagiana is an excellent bloomer for nooks and crevices in walls and rockeries. Carefree and rewarding. Generous with its funnel-shaped blooms. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   6 in. x 20 in.

012-036     Campanula poscharskyana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender Blue flowers
Campanula poscharskyana produces star-shaped flowers on this vigorous groundcover and will continue to bloom throughout the season if shorn back after bloom. It will even tolerate part shade. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer to frost. bloom   6 in. x 24 in.

012-002     Campanula punctata 'Alba'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Campanula punctata 'Alba' is a vigorous mat-forming perennial with white, instead of the more common pink, bell-shaped flowers. The inch-and-a-half flowers hang from 15-inch stems.  Summer. bloom   12-15 in. x 16 in.

012-070     Campanula punctata 'Cherry Bells'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
Campanula punctata 'Cherry Bells' is a vigorous, clumping perennial from Japan with stiff upright stems bearing three-inch tubular red bells.  Summer. bloom   12 in.

012-070D4     Campanula punctata 'Cherry Bells'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
Campanula punctata 'Cherry Bells' is a vigorous, clumping perennial from Japan with stiff upright stems bearing three-inch tubular red bells.  Summer. bloom   12 in.

012-044     Campanula punctata 'Hondoensis'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream/Red Stippling flowers
Campanula punctata 'Hondoensis' is a vigorous Japanese variety of the species. Best grown in sandy soil. Place it where you can see the red-flecked interiors of the large bell flowers.  Summer. bloom   10 in. x 14 in.

012-064     Campanula raddeana       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet Purple flowers
Campanula raddeana is a somewhat vigorous runner which forms a mat of shiny green triangular leaves. Each rosette produces a stem which carries a raceme of large pendant bellflowers.  July to August. bloom   13 in. x 10 in.

012-024     Campanula rotundifolia     ( Harebell )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
The Campanula rotundifolia is a long blooming adaptable plant. You may not notice the small toothed foliage, but the panicles of delicate nodding bells are sure to catch your eye. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer to autumn. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

012-012     Campanula takesimana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White/Maroon Speckles flowers
Campanula takesimana is a fast spreading groundcover with heart-shaped leaves that are semi-glossy and toothed. 18- to 20-inch stems bear sprays of large white bellflowers that are speckled inside (an effect that is missed when viewed from above).  Summer. bloom   20 in. x 3 ft.

012-012Qt     Campanula takesimana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White/Maroon Speckles flowers
Campanula takesimana is a fast spreading groundcover with heart-shaped leaves that are semi-glossy and toothed. 18- to 20-inch stems bear sprays of large white bellflowers that are speckled inside (an effect that is missed when viewed from above).  Summer. bloom   20 in. x 3 ft.

012-078D4     Campanula trachelium 'Bernice'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac Blue flowers
Campanula trachelium 'Bernice' bears fully double, inch-long blooms on upright racemes which give this bellflower a voluptuous presence. Each raceme bears up to 16 flowers on its dark stem. We grow it near a gold variegated yucca to show off its beauty. PPAF  Late spring to midsummer. bloom   30 in. x 10 in.

012-078-1     Campanula trachelium 'Bernice'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Lavender Blue flowers
What is so striking about this herbaceous perennial are the richly colored double flowers that form in dense clusters at the end of the flowering stems. They are of a size that you notice them readily. They are also large enough and face outward enough to gather water during rainstorms or overhead watering which can cause the stems to fall forward. We stake the plant so we can enjoy its season of beauty without concern. The stems have rich green, lance-shaped leaves with serrated edges.  June to July. bloom   15 in. x 11 in.

897-001     Cardamine trifolia     ( Trifoliate bittercress )     
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cardamine trifolia is an underused woodlander that has an advantage over spring ephemerals. Its evergreen foliage makes it useful as a modest groundcover. The rounded, three-part leaves are dark and leathery. Crowded racemes of small cupped white flowers grace the foliage fleetingly. Somewhat drought-tolerant and easy of care. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Spring. bloom   6 in. x 12 in.

013-031     Carex albula     ( Blonde sedge )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Carex albula is a compact, slightly arching, clumping sedge that has startlingly pale leaves that range from pale straw colored to pale green to almost white. The inflorescences are so tidy they hide within the leaves. Grow this with sharp drainage for best results.    10-18 in.

013-017D4     Carex buchananii     ( Leather leaf sedge )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
New Zealand. We are often asked if the Carex buchananii is dead because the narrow foliage is a coppery bronze. When we show people how to use this against golden or silver foliaged shrubs or in contrast to Phygelius 'Salmon Leap' or Penstemon 'Blue Midnight', they buy it on the spot.    2.5 ft. x 2.5 ft.

013-025D4     Carex buchananii 'Viridis'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Carex buchananii 'Viridis' is a silvery green form of the species that creates a shimmering fountain of fine, evergreen foliage.    2 ft. x 2.5 ft.

013-023     Carex ciliatomarginata 'Shima-nishiki' ('Island Brocade')       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex siderosticha 'Island Brocade' is a lush, low growing Japanese sedge with broad blades of lime green edged in gold. A glorious ground cover with softly haired foliage that is almost velvety to the touch. This is deciduous.    8 in. x 15 in.

013-003     Carex comans 'Bronze'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
With Carex comans 'Bronze' brown does not mean dead. This lovely, bronzy brown, swirled mop offers incredible texture to the border. From New Zealand.    12 in. x 15 in.

013-016     Carex conica 'Snowline' (Marginata)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Carex conica 'Snowline' bears a fountain of narrow dark green foliage edged in creamy white. This Japanese sedge is slow to increase but can attain 15 inches in height and 24 inches in width. Evergreen in the Pacific Northwest. Cut back at the end of winter in colder climates. We use this for texture in the woodland garden and in containers.    6 in. x 8. in.

013-020     Carex dolichostachya 'Kaga Nishiki'     ( Kaga brocade sedge )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex dolichostachya 'Kaga Nishiki' is also known as Kaga brocade sedge. This Japanese sedge stays evergreen for us. Its golden green leaves give light to our gray winter days while its fountain like form makes it a prime candidate for a container.    15 in. x 24 in.

013-007D4     Carex elata 'Aurea' (Bowles Golden)     ( Bowles' golden sedge )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
We grow Carex elata 'Aurea' in the dappled light of our Woodland Garden where it receives all day sun until May when our walnut trees leaf out fully. Its yellow leaves, each with a longitudinal green stripe, simply glow during our winters. Keep moist during dry seasons. A Great Plant Picks selection.    2.5 ft. x 1.5 ft.

013-014     Carex elata 'Knight Shayes'       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex elata 'Knight Shayes' is the pure yellow leafed form of Carex elata 'Aurea.' We find it is more susceptible to burning in our bright dry summers, so keep it in a moist, part-shade setting where its luminescent yellow blades are an intense contrast to darker woodland greens and blues.    2 ft. x 1.5 ft.

013-006D4     Carex flacca       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Although this blue green sedge with soft blades readily adapts to a wide variety of soil and sunlight, Carex flacca a.k.a. glauca is most useful as a ground cover in the damp sites that are so common here in the Pacific Northwest. It is rhizomatous and will spread.    12 in. x 3 ft.

013-034     Carex flacca 'Blue Zinger'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Developed by Emerald Coast Growers in Pensacola, Florida, this selection from a European sedge has narrow arching blue green leaves that give it a soft flowing appearance in the garden. Carex flacca `Blue Zinger' adapts to a variety of soils, from somewhat dry to moist, in sun or part shade. These attributes make it a fine groundcover.    12 in. x 14 in.

013-008D4     Carex flagellifera       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Carex flagellifera is a New Zealand sedge similar in color to Carex buchananii but less upright and more fountain-like. Named for its very long whip-like flowering stems.    2 ft. x 3 ft.

013-004D4     Carex morrowii 'Aurea Variegata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex morrowii 'Aurea Variegata' is a useful Japanese sedge that is a stand-out. The narrow glossy leaves have a gold center stripe and cascade outward creating a fountain of light in the winter garden. Reliable and easy to care for.    18 in. x 12 in.

013-024D4     Carex morrowii 'Ice Dance'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Carex morrowii 'Ice Dance' is a Japanese sedge with bold cream variegation on the margins of its leaves. This form is rhizomatous and is very useful as a groundcover. Also useful as an evergreen focal point in winter containers. A Great Plant Picks selection.    12 in. x 36 in.

013-015D4     Carex morrowii 'Variegata'       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Japan. Carex morrowii 'Variegata' (ex pallida) is a long-lived, evergreen sedge with stiff, narrow, dark green blades that are margined in cream. Very upright and showy in containers that need to look their best year-round.    1.25 ft. x 2 ft.

013-019D4     Carex muskingumensis 'Oehme'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Carex muskingumensis 'Oehme' is a very richly textured sedge from N. America. This form has yellow margins on the glossy green blades which throw light in whorls about the plant.    2 ft. x 2 ft.

013-002-1     Carex nigra 'Variegata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9
Carex nigra 'Variegata' is a deciduous N. American sedge with broad leaves edged with white. Forms colonies which makes it a useful ground cover in a moist woodland setting.    1.5 ft x 2.5 ft.

013-002D4     Carex nigra 'Variegata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9
Carex nigra 'Variegata' is a deciduous N. American sedge with broad leaves edged with white. Forms colonies which makes it a useful ground cover in a moist woodland setting.    1.5 ft x 2.5 ft.

013-028     Carex siderostica 'Lemon Zest'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex siderostica 'Lemon Zest' PP14463 bears bright lemon yellow to chartreuse leaves that light up a part shade garden. This deciduous sedge needs even moisture throughout the growing season. The bright foliage can help set off dark foliaged heucheras to their best advantage.    12 in.

013-012D4     Carex siderostica 'Variegata'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Carex siderosticha 'Variegata' has relatively broad (1 1/4-inch) lance shaped foliage with white margins and narrow striping. This is a clumping, slow-spreading, deciduous perennial useful as a ground cover.    8 in. x 12 in.

013-010D4     Carex testacea     ( Orange New Zealand sedge )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8
We like to take advantage of the orange highlights of Carex testacea that flicker on the leaves of this bronzy green sedge. Evergreen for us most years, it forms a finely textured fountain-like mound.    18 in. x 18 in.

014-002D4     Carpentaria californica 'Elizabeth'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
We planted Carpentaria californica 'Elizabeth' in our Dry Border many years ago. It is now just over 9 ft. in height and has produced a tremendous display of large white flowers each year. The tan bark exfoliates giving the trunk a shaggy appearance. In the early autumn, the oldest leaves tend to hang limp and brown under clusters of evergreen leaves. The narrow leaves have somewhat glaucous undersides. Give this shrub good drainage.  Early to midsummer. bloom   9 ft. x 5 ft.

324-003D4     Caryopteris clandonensis 'Blue Mist'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Powder Blue flowers
Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Blue Mist' is a compact showy shrub which comes into its glory in late summer when the powder blue blooms show off against the muted green foliage. Bees and butterflies adore their flowers.  Late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

324-001D4     Caryopteris clandonensis 'Dark Knight'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Blue flowers
Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Dark Knight' is a compact shrub that we grow in the dry, hot side of our Point Garden joined by Convolvulus cneorum (with evergreen, pewter foliage) and Zauschneria californica (with bright orange flowers in late summer). Its gray foliage is a perfect complement to its dark blue flowers in late summer. Even the calyces take on a blue cast as they age. Favored by late season butterflies. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

324-004D4     Caryopteris clandonensis 'Worcester Gold'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Worcester Gold' bears stunning blue flowers on this compact shrub that contrast with fine gold foliage. Bees and butterflies love the flowers. Very popular.  Late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

324-011D4     Caryopteris 'Snow Fairy'       
Part Shade     Zones 6 7, 8 Blue flowers
We have grown Caryopteris 'Snow Fairy' for three years in the garden in a lightly shaded area. It has not bloomed but the brilliant variegation has made it a focal point. The variegation is somewhat random, sometimes leaves are white with green centers, sometimes split-pea green, dark green and white. It is deciduous.  Autumn. bloom   14 in. x 8 in.

015-001     Catananche caerulea       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lavender Blue flowers
Catananche caerulea is an old fashioned garden favorite. Makes excellent cut flowers, fresh or dried. Two inch cornflower-like blooms on long stems of gray-green foliage.  Summer to early autumn. bloom   2.5 ft.

465-012D4     Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithen Blue'       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Rich Blue flowers
Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithen Blue' is a large evergreen shrub with somewhat rounded, glossy, dark green leaves with downy undersides. It bears fairly large fragrant terminal and lateral panicles of rich blue flowers. A selection from Trewithen Garden in Cornwall, England.  Spring to early summer. bloom   20 ft. x 25 ft.

465-033D4     Ceanothus 'Centennial'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 Blue flowers
A natural cross occuring between Ceanothus foliosus and C. griseus, Ceanothus 'Centennial' forms a low, ground-hugging, evergreen shrub that is ideal for covering banks and slopes. This was collected by Roger Raiche and introduced into the nursery trade in 1992. The small crimped leaves are dark green and glossy. They alternate up low-arching, red brown stems. The vivid flowers open in tight clusters.  Spring bloom   12 in x 4-6 ft

465-017D4     Ceanothus 'Dark Star'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10, 11 Dark Purple Blue flowers
This large shrub is a show stopper when it is in bloom. Masses of small dark flowers honey the air on a warm spring day. Rounded, dark green leaves are small, thick and deeply impressed with veins giving the plant a textured appearance when it is out of bloom. Even though Ceanothus `Dark Star' is often rated as a Zone 9 plant, it has stood up to record cold winters in Portland with only minor damage.  Late spring. bloom   6 ft. x 10 ft.

065-039D4     Ceanothus foliosus 'Berryhill'     ( California lilac )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Bright Blue flowers
It is interesting to trace the history of this selection of California lilac. In 1976, M. Nevin Smith found it on a neighbor's ranch on Hood Mountain in Sonoma County and selected it because of its compact size, the bright blue of the small clusters of flowers and the lacquered surface of the pebbled leaves. Ceanothus foliosus 'Berryhill' is named for that ranch. The small size of this evergreen shrub has made it useful in the garden and in rockeries, especially on dry sites.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   2 ft. x 4-6 ft.

465-009D4     Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versailles'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pale Blue flowers
Lucy Hardiman chose this deciduous shrub to anchor the corner of the blue, orange and yellow section of the Four Seasons Garden. Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versailles' blooms from midsummer well into the autumn with panicles of pale blue flowers. The foliage is dark green, small and toothed.  Spring to fall. bloom   7 ft. x 5 ft.

465-025D4     Ceanothus gloriosus 'Heart's Desire'     ( California lilac )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pale Blue flowers
Although Ceanothus gloriosus 'Heart's Desire' is not reliably hardy in our area, it is such a lovely, evergreen, ground-covering shrub that we take a chance with it surviving our winters. Many years we are lucky. This is a gold variegated selection of the species found by Phil van Soelen near Heart's Desire Beach at Point Reyes National Seashore. Ceanothus gloriosus is endemic to the coastal areas of Marin, Sonoma and Mendicino Counties in California. Because the shrub roots along its stems, it is excellent at holding banks and for use on slopes. The soft blue flowers are a bonus.  Spring. bloom   12 in. x 3-5 ft.

465-027-1     Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus 'Emily Brown'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Blue flowers
We grow Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus 'Emily Brown' on a dry south facing slope where it has spread to five feet and risen to two feet. Because of its prostrate growth habit, this evergreen shrub has proven ideal for just such an application. Small holly-like leaves cover the red-brown stems  Early to midspring. bloom   4 ft. x 8-10 ft.

465-002-1     Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus     ( Point Reyes ceanothus )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
We have planted Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus 'Point Reyes' on a south-facing slope to serve as an evergreen ground cover. The snaking branches are burgundy. The small, leathery, rounded leaves are dark green. They are visibly toothed, resembling tiny holly leaves. Some stems reach up and out, some creep along the ground.  Spring bloom   2 ft. x 10 ft.

465-002     Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
We have planted Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus 'Point Reyes' on a south-facing slope to serve as an evergreen ground cover. The snaking branches are burgundy. The small, leathery, rounded leaves are dark green. They are visibly toothed, resembling tiny holly leaves. Some stems reach up and out, some creep along the ground.  Spring bloom   2 ft. x 10 ft.

465-019D4     Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Diamond Heights'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pale Blue flowers
Any evergreen shrub is welcome in the winter, but Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis 'Diamond Heights' is doubly so because of its colorful foliage. The dark green centers of the leaves are surrounded by broad lime green margins. This has proven winter hardy despite our recent late freezes. Lightly fragrant terminal clusters of flowers.  Late spring. bloom   1 ft. x 3 ft.

465-001-1     Ceanothus impressus 'Vandenberg'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Ceanothus impressus 'Vandenberg' is a mounding evergreen shrub with tiny, crinkled, dark green leaves. Its bright blue flower clusters and compact habit make this our best-selling Ceanothus. Drought tolerant once established.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   4-5 ft. x 4 ft.

465-004-1     Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Mid-Blue flowers
Give your nose a spring treat with the sweetly scented spikes of clear blue flowers. The very crinkled dark green foliage of Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter' is evergreen. The blooms set handsome russet seed heads in late summer, further enhancing this mid-sized shrub.  Spring. bloom   5 ft. x 12 ft.

465-008D4     Ceanothus 'Marie Simon'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pale Pink flowers
It is amazing how long Ceanothus 'Marie Simon' blooms sending up flushes of fuzzy pale pink flowers from midsummer onward. The overall effect is greatly enhanced by its red stems. This is a deciduous, upright, bushy shrub with small, textured, leaves.  Summer to fall. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

465-035D4     Ceanothus maritimus 'Point Sierra'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Wisteria Blue flowers
Ceanothus maritimus `Pt. Sierra' has been described as growing like a low cotoneaster because of its dense, stiff branching. Because it is low and evergreen, it is perhaps best to use it as a groundcover shrub with the blue flowers as a bonus. This is a California coastal native but has proven winter hardy for us in the Portland area.  Spring. bloom   2 ft. x 4 ft.

465-031D4     Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Born Again'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Soft Blue flowers
We found Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Born Again' at Rancho Santa Ana in Claremont, California, and decided to test it with our other ceanothus. It has proven winter hardy through two difficult winters with occasional burning of the leaves at low temperatures. After 4 years it is still a small compact shrub although the species can often get very large. Rounded, glossy and broadly variegated with yellow margins, the leathery leaves are especially attractive. Try this to brighten up a low-water garden.  May, June. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

465-006D4     Ceanothus veitchianus       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Dark Blue flowers
Ceanothus x veitchianus is a cross between C. griseus and C. rigidus. The foliage is glossy and rounded on this large evergreen shrub. In spring, it is adorned with clusters of tiny, fragrant blue flowers. Random blooms appear throughout the summer as well. We treasure this for its beauty and its drought tolerance.  April to May bloom   10 ft. x 10 ft.

465-007D4     Ceanothus 'Victoria'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Dark Blue flowers
Ceanothus 'Victoria' is an amazing evergreen shrub that has gotten taller than 8 ft. along our Mediterranean Path where it continues to repeat bloom throughout the summer long after its main flush. The leathery foliage is a shiny medium green. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late spring. bloom   6-8 ft. x 6 ft.

465-007-1     Ceanothus 'Victoria'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Dark Blue flowers
Ceanothus 'Victoria' is an amazing evergreen shrub that has gotten taller than 8 ft. along our Mediterranean Path where it continues to repeat bloom throughout the summer long after its main flush. The leathery foliage is a shiny medium green. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late spring. bloom   6-8 ft. x 6 ft.

413-003D2     Cedrus deodora 'Devinely Blue'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Cedrus deodora 'Devinely Blue' is a dwarf upright blue cedar found by Bill Devine of Maryland and given to our national arboretum. The measurements are for 10 year's growth.    4 ft. x 3 ft.

016-010D4     Centaurea bella       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Centaura bella is an attractive clump-forming perennial from the Caucasus Mountains which bears pink bachelor's button-like flowers. The just-shy-of 2-inch flowers are set off by the gray cast of the feathery light green foliage and the woolly stems. The underside of the leaves are lined with fine white hairs. We have found the flowers to be attractive to our garden bees.  Midsummer. bloom   8-12 in. x 18 in.

016-004-1     Centaurea hypoleuca 'John Coutts'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Hot Rose Pink flowers
Centaurea hypoleuca 'John Coutts" is a bold spreading perennial with wavy edged leaves that are mid-green on their surfaces and gray on their reverses. All summer, it produces stems bearing bright, attractively shaggy, ray flowers.  Summer. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

016-001-1     Centaurea montana       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
Centaurea montana is also known as Mountain bluet. We grow this fast-spreading perennial in our dry border where it forms a mat of lance-shaped leaves with wooly undersides. The flowering stems bear large bachelor button-like flowers that make visitors nostalgic for prairie plants.  Late spring to midsummer. bloom   18 in. x 24 in.

258-001     Centranthus ruber 'Albus'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Centranthus ruber 'Albus' is also known as Valerian, or Jupiter's beard. This plant was once a cottage garden favorite but seems to be all-but-forgotten in today's gardens. We use this in a part shade setting. The fleshy, bluish lance-shaped foliage rises up tall stems which bear cymes of small, funnel-shaped flowers. The flowers are fragrant.  Late spring to late summer. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

831-001D4     Cephalanthus occidentalis     ( Buttonbush )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
It is always a delight to see this unusual shrub or small tree in bloom. The tiny, white tubular flowers are assembled into inch-wide ball-shaped floral heads that look almost artificial. The flowers are fragrant which is the source of one of the common names - honey balls. The leaves are also attractive with their glossy surfaces and their red-veined undersides. Cephalanthus occidentalis is easy to grow, flourishing in the sun with weekly watering.  Late summer and early autumn. bloom   6 ft. x 8 ft.

142-001D4     Cephalaria gigantea       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Primrose Yellow flowers
Cephalaria gigantea is a large perennial well suited to the back of a border. Grow it in combination with large grasses. Think of it as an eight-foot tall scabiosa with airy stems bearing primrose yellow pincushion flowers.  Summer. bloom   8 ft. x 2 ft.

161-001     Cerastium alpinum v. lanatum       
Sun     Zones 3 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cerastium alpinum v. lanatum is a densely woolly mat-forming perennial useful as a ground cover. Begs to be stroked! Cymes of refreshing white flowers appear above the gray foliage in summer. Needs good drainage.  Summer. bloom   3 in. x 8 in.

620-002     Ceratostigma griffithii       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Bright Blue flowers
Because Ceratostigma griffithii flowers on new wood, we cut this semi-evergreen woody shrub back at the end of winter to gain the lovely late season cobalt flowers which glow against the red influence in the crisp foliage.  August to September. bloom   3 ft. x 6 ft.

620-001     Ceratostigma plumbaginoides       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Cornflower Blue flowers
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides puts on a much needed show late in the season with a flush of brilliant blue flowers overlapping the red foliage display. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late summer to fall. bloom   18 in. x 12 in.

620-003     Ceratostigma willmottianum 'Palmgold'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
We usually sell out of Ceratostigma willmottianum 'Palmgold' in our retail yard and rarely have enough to list it in our catalogue. The intensely golden leaves emerge in late spring bringing light to a less-than-sunny border. By late summer, clusters of mid-blue flowers spangle the shrub like sapphires in a crown of gold. The gold takes on red highlights as the cool of autumn comes on.  Later summer to autumn. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

531-010D4     Chaenomeles 'Dragon's Blood'     ( Flowering quince )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Red flowers
The first flowering quince that we grew in our garden was a large, densely branched shrub that had unpleasant thorns. It was beautiful in flower and fruit but not easy to manage. It was definitely not suited to a small garden. Chaenomeles 'Dragon's Blood', in contrast, is a dwarf shrub that makes itself at home in a small garden or even in a container. Although it is densely branched, it does not have any thorns. More than anything, though, it is the eye-catching, double, dark red flowers that make you want to grow this plant.  Late winter to early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

531-002-1     Chaenomeles speciosa 'Toyo Nishiki'     ( Flowering quince )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink, White, Red flowers
In our garden, this is hidden at the foot of a difficult slope and we have to make an effort to enjoy this sizeable shrub in all of its manifestations. Before the leaves emerge, multi-colored flowers create the brocade effect which is described by the Japanese name which translates to "brocade from Toyo." The foliage is glossy and dark green. Spiny branches make this a little difficult to handle and we recommend gloves when you are shaping it. In the fall, we always make the hike to harvest the aromatic fruits that turn yellow as they ripen. The perfume of the fruit alone is reason to grow Chaenomeles speciosa `Toyo Nishiki'.  Spring. bloom   6-10 ft. x 6-10 ft.

531-002D4     Chaenomeles speciosa 'Toyo Nishiki'     ( Flowering quince )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink, White, Red flowers
In our garden, this is hidden at the foot of a difficult slope and we have to make an effort to enjoy this sizeable shrub in all of its manifestations. Before the leaves emerge, multi-colored flowers create the brocade effect which is described by the Japanese name which translates to "brocade from Toyo." The foliage is glossy and dark green. Spiny branches make this a little difficult to handle and we recommend gloves when you are shaping it. In the fall, we always make the hike to harvest the aromatic fruits that turn yellow as they ripen. The perfume of the fruit alone is reason to grow Chaenomeles speciosa `Toyo Nishiki'.  Spring. bloom   6-10 ft. x 6-10 ft.

531-003D4     Chaenomeles x superba 'Cameo'     ( Flowering quince )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Peach Pink flowers
(C. japonica x C. speciosa) It is with great relief that we see Chaenomeles 'Cameo' come into bloom each year. Even though we know that there is more gray weather ahead, this shrub that sits so prominently in our Four Seasons Garden is one of the heralds of spring. The double flowers are 2 inches across and fully visible from afar. After the flower show has finished, the glossy leaves develop. Much later in the season, small edible fruits appear that turn yellow as they ripen. We enjoy sniffing the fruits which release an ineffable perfume.  Early spring. bloom   3-4 ft. x 4-5 ft.

414-049D4     Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Treasure Island'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Treasure Island' is a very dwarf gold-tipped conifer. In our garden it forms a small rounded shrub. The leaves are slightly blue contrasting dramatically with the tiny golden needles at the tips of the stems. Plant this out of the hot sun to keep it from browning.    18 in. x 15 in.

414-004-1     Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 'Variegata'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 'Variegata' is a mid-sized conical tree with gray-brown bark that peels in large scales. Rich green foliage with irregular cream splashes.    60 ft.

414-046-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Filicoides Aurea'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Filicoides Aurea' is also known as Fernspray cypress. This small tree has golden highlights on its fernspray foliage. Its long open branches give this a very rugged appearance.    6-15 ft. in 10 years

414-013-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri' is a dwarf evergreen. Conical in habit with mossy sprays of olive green foliage which turns bronze in winter. Ideal for a rock garden. Foliage is cupped in appearance. Has an overall green-gold look. A Great Plant Picks selection.    3 ft. x 2 ft.

414-016-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Aurea'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Aurea' is a dwarf conifer with cupped sprays of golden yellow foliage. This somewhat flattened shrub has a strong presence in the mixed border.    6 ft.

414-036D4     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Black Beauty'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Black Beauty' is a compact form of Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana' with darker foliage.    2.5 ft. x 2.5 ft.

414-015-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis' also known as dwarf Hinoki Cypress forms a conical, slow-growing evergreen shrub with cupped sprays of dark green foliage. A Great Plant Picks selection.    4 ft. x 3 ft.

414-037-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Pygmaea Aurescens'     ( Hinoki cypress )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
This globe-shaped dwarf conifer is somewhat rounded and broader than tall. The sprays of whorled, flattened dark green foliage have bronze highlights during the growing season. In the winter the foliage glows a coppery orange. Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Pygmaea Aurescens' requires regular watering during dry periods.    6 ft. x 8 ft.

414-018-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Torulosa'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
As the name implies, Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Torulosa' has a twisted or "tortured" appearance. The threadlike foliage is curled and twisted giving this upright-tree a sculpted shape against the horizon. Measurements are for 10 years growth.    6-12 ft.

414-019-1     Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Verdoni'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No flowers
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Verdoni' is a selection of golden dwarf Hinoki Cypress with fine yellow foliage that does not burn in the sun. Somewhat contorted in shape.    8 ft. x 2 ft.

414-020D4     Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Boulevard'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
We grow Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Boulevard' in our Rose and Clematis border where its foliage serves as a back-drop for the pastel pink and blue area. It is a lovely silvery blue, conical-shaped, large shrub or tree. The foliage is soft to the touch. The white reverses of the short needles are visible giving the appearance from afar of a light glazing of snow on the branches. In six years it has grown 10 feet tall and about 8 wide.    30 ft. x 15 ft.

414-023-1     Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Lutescens'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Viewing Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Lutescens' in our winter garden, the words "craggy" and "windswept" come to mind. Long low-swooping lower branches give way to foreshortened upper branches. When grown in the full sun, the flattened scale-like leaves are a dazzling mix of vanilla cream and bright lemon on top, greening up as the spring warms up.    12 ft. x 10 ft. in 10 years.

414-025-1     Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Snow Reversion'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Snow Reversion' was found by a friend of the nursery which is a reversion of the small bun-shaped C. 'Snow.' This forms a small pyramidal tree with some white tip growth as well as white flecking throughout the plant. 5 ft. height after 15 years.    5 ft. x 4 ft.

414-040-1     Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Heatherbun'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Heatherbun' is a dwarf conifer with soft blue green foliage that turns plum colored in cooler temperatures. Forms a perfect soft round "bun."    30 in. x 30 in.

651-001     Chamaemelum nobile 'Flore Pleno'     ( Roman chamomile )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
Chamaemelum nobile 'Flore Pleno' is a ground cover often used as a lawn substitute. Dense, tightly packed thread-like foliage is highly aromatic. Double button-like flowers. Can also be used in edging a border.  Summer. bloom   6 in. x 18 in.

144-001-1     Chasmanthium latifolium     ( Northern Sea Oats )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Chasmanthium latifolium is a jade green bamboo-like grass. The oat-like seeds dripping from upright stems are great for dried arrangements. They dance in the breeze along our Mediterranean path.  Summer. bloom   3 ft.

094-001D4     Chelone obliqua     ( Turtlehead )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
We learned that Chelone obliqua wants more water than we originally gave it during our dry summers. We grow it in the pink section of the Four Seasons Garden where its pink turtlehead flowers complement Lavatera olbia 'Aurea' and Geranium 'Mavis Simpson'. With a little patience, this becomes a spectacular plant.  Summer. bloom   16 in. x 12 in.

145-001     Chiastophyllum oppositifolium       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is an ideal plant for a part shade rockery. This succulent forms small mats of evergreen, scalloped, apple green foliage. In early summer, 8-inch stems rise up bearing cascades of small, deep yellow flowers. Very lovely and under-used.  Early summer. bloom   8 in. x 6 in.

145-002     Chiastophyllum oppositifolium 'Jim's Best'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
This charming succulent from the Caucasus is sadly underused in gardens. The leathery foliage has a broad creamy yellow margin with a puddle of green in the center. It is evergreen and so is valuable in a part shade rockery. In the winter the leaves take on apricot tones. It is the spring show of arching flower stems that makes Chiastophyllum oppositifolium `Jim's Best' the most memorable. The bell-shaped flowers are small but vibrant and form densely on the branched racemes.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   6-8 in. x 6 in.

146-001-1     Chimonanthus praecox     ( Winter Sweet )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7,8,9 Soft Yellow flowers
Much of the year, this upright,deciduous large shrub or small tree fades into the background in the garden. Yes, it does have attractive lanceolate shaped leaves which turn a nice buttery yellow in the autumn. It is however the sweetly fragrant waxy flowers that appear in the winter that are the big attraction. The flowers are soft yellow, accented with a purple splash in the the center. The flowers open at a time of the year when we need the fragrance and color that we get from this great plant.  November through mid-March bloom   12 x 10

146-001D4     Chimonanthus praecox     ( Wintersweet )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 Soft Yellow flowers
Much of the year, this upright,deciduous large shrub or small tree fades into the background in the garden. Yes, it does have attractive lanceolate shaped leaves which turn a nice buttery yellow in the autumn. It is however the sweetly fragrant waxy flowers that appear in the winter that are the big attraction. The flowers are soft yellow, accented with a purple splash in the the center. The flowers open at a time of the year when we need the fragrance and color that we get from this great plant.  November to Mid-March bloom   12 ft. x 10 ft.

762-001D4     Chionochloa rubra     ( Red tussock grass )     
Sun     Zone (7)8-9
New Zealand. We have grown Chionochloa rubra tussock grass on a hot somewhat dry slope for many years but have never been able to produce enough plants to list it in our catalogue. The fine, hair-like foliage has highlights of orange and copper and moves so gracefully in the breeze that customers ask about it freguently. Pale straw-colored infloresences rise above the grass. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   3-4 ft. x 2 ft.

471-002D4     Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Pink Dawn'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Blush Pink flowers
An intergeneric cross between Catalpa bignonioides and Chilopsis linearis, x Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Pink Dawn' forms a small multi-trunked tree with a broad canopy. It is fairly fast-growing and does very well in our Northwest weather. We grow it on a south-facing hillside that can be dry in the summer where it seems quite at home. Perhaps it is the heritage from the Chilopsis, a dweller of the arid southwest, that gives this tree its drought tolerance. The narrow, mid-green foliage is lance-shaped not disimilar to that of the Chilopsis. The flowers are large and showy.  Summer. bloom   18 ft. x 20 ft.

471-002-1     Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Pink Dawn'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Blush Pink flowers
An intergeneric cross between Catalpa bignonioides and Chilopsis linearis, x Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Pink Dawn' forms a small multi-trunked tree with a broad canopy. It is fairly fast-growing and does very well in our Northwest weather. We grow it on a south-facing hillside that can be dry in the summer where it seems quite at home. Perhaps it is the heritage from the Chilopsis, a dweller of the arid southwest, that gives this tree its drought tolerance. The narrow, mid-green foliage is lance-shaped not disimilar to that of the Chilopsis. The flowers are large and showy.  Summer. bloom   18 ft. x 20 ft.

686-003D4     Choisya 'Aztec Pearl'     ( Mexican orange `Aztec Pearl' )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl' is a lovely mid-sized evergreen shrub that has perky panicles of soft blushing white flowers that have an intoxicating spicy scent. The five-fingered, narrow, glossy green leaves add texture to the garden.  Spring and autumn. bloom   8 ft. x 8 ft.

686-002D4     Choisya ternata 'Sundance'     ( Mexican orange `Sundance' )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Choisya ternata 'Sundance' has never bloomed for us but that has not detracted from its showy, blond, evergreen presence. The exposed waxy leaves are lemon yellow; less exposed foliage is lime green. In our gardens, this has reached only 4 feet in 8 years.  Late spring; autumn. bloom   4 ft. x 3 ft.

267-005D4     Cistus aguilarii       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus x aguilarii is a cross between C. ladanifer and C. populifolius. The lovely dark green lance-shaped foliage on this shrub is sticky to the touch and gives off a delicious resinous aroma. White flowers are 1.5 inches wide.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

267-013D4     Cistus 'Anne Palmer'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
Cistus 'Anne Palmer' bears wavy margined leaves of dark green. Stems and new foliage are stained plum. This is a wonderful low growing shrub with soft pink flowers.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

267-045D4     Cistus argenteus 'Paper Moon'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Although Cistus x argenteus 'Paper Moon' is reported to be the all-white form of this cross, our plant occasionally produces flowers with pink stripes. Flowers are quite large and showy with central golden yellow stamens. The narrow gray green leaves are lightly hairy. The measurements for our plant are based on the first year of growth.  May to June. bloom   20 in. x 15 in.

267-046D4     Cistus argenteus 'Stripey'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White/Pink flowers
Cistus x argenteus 'Stripey' is a sport from Cistus x argenteus 'Peggy Sammons' has interesting large white flowers with streaks and stripes in varying shades of pink. No two flowers look exactly alike. During the difficult December of 2008, we lost several cistus to the exceptional cold and the weight of heavy snow. However, all of the crosses between C. laurifolius and C. x canescens that we grow in the garden came out of the winter with their gray, wooly foliage looking much as it had before it went in.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-017D4     Cistus 'Blanche'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus 'Blanche' has wavy edged foliage of bright green that is sticky to the touch and sweetly aromatic. Fragrant foliage with large pure white flowers sport plump yellow centers.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

267-047D4     Cistus bornetianus 'Jester'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
(C. albidus x C. laurifolius) Because this gray foliaged shrub is upright and nicely rounded, Cistus x bornetianus (x) 'Jester' (Eric Sammons) is ideal for use as a structural element in a dry border. To continue the pink theme of its flowers in late summer, try a Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink' nearby.  May and June. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-049D4     Cistus canescens 'Albus'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
(C. albidus and C. creticus.) The somewhat woolly gray green leaves of Cistus x canescens 'Albus' are broadly linear and slightly wavy along their edges. The shrub is upright in habit. The white flowers measure close to 3 inches across.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 30 in.

267-021D4     Cistus corbariensis       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
(C. populifolius x C. salviifolius) Cistus x corbariensis is a dense, low shrub with dark green evergreen leaves that have wavy margins. Reddish buds open to white flowers with yellow centers.  Late spring to summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

267-024D4     Cistus creticus ssp. creticus 'Lasithi'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Purple Pink flowers
The evergreen, somewhat rounded lance-shaped leaves are crimped on their margins like a pie crust. Their mint-green color contrasts nicely with the reddish stems, as does the whiteness of their lightly woolly reverses. In habit, this is compact and rounded. It was named for the site where it was collected in Crete.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 30 in.

267-025D4     Cistus creticus ssp. creticus 'Tania Compton'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus creticus ssp. creticus 'Tania Compton' is an upright shrub found by James Compton in 1961 on Crete. The brownish stems bear small, light green leaves that are scalloped along their edges.  Early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-018D4     Cistus crispatus 'Warley Rose'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
(C. creticus x C. crispus) Cistus x crispatus 'Warley Rose' is one of many excellent midsized cistus crosses that bear vivid pink flowers. This has small, gray green leaves that are crimped along their margins. Open in habit, spreading yet upright, this is best suited to a dry border or rockery.  May to July. bloom   16 in. x 30 in.

267-026D4     Cistus crispus       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Vivid Pink flowers
Cistus crispus is a prostrate shrublet that has narrow green leaves that are wavy along their edges. One touch and you will feel their sticky resinous quality and also smell their rich aromatic perfume on your fingers. The flowers are not more than an inch-and-a-half wide but are produced in great numbers. Their satin-like sheen is especially attractive. Use this in a mediterranean or dry border.  Early to midsummer. bloom   4-5 in. x 2 ft.

267-027D4     Cistus crispus 'Decanso'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Deep Pink flowers
Cistus crispus 'Decanso' is a low, compact shrub with dark, wrinkled foliage. The 1 1/2-inch flowers have bright yellow centers. This was selected from plants at Decanso Gardens, CA, by Ken Montgomery.  Summer. bloom   2 ft. x 4 ft.

267-028D4     Cistus dansereaui 'Decumbens'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
As the name suggests, Cistus x dansereaui 'Decumbens' is low and spreading in habit with narrow lance-shaped green leaves. Use it as a ground cover shrub in a hot well-drained area. The large flowers are white with a soft yellow blotch topped by a dark red stain at the base of each petal.  May, June. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

267-050D4     Cistus dansereaui 'Jenkyn Place'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 White flowers
(C. ladanifer x C. inflatus) Cistus x dansereaui 'Jenkyn Place' is a cross that has resulted in an upright shrub with a very long bloom period. The 3-inch flowers have a maroon blotch in their centers. It was named after a private garden in Hampshire, England.  Summer. bloom   4.5 ft. x 4.5 ft.

267-051D4     Cistus dansereaui 'Portmeirion'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
(C. ladanifer x C. inflatus) Cistus x dansereaui 'Portmeirion' is a midsized shrub that is upright and open in habit. The dark green narrow leaves are sticky to the touch like those of C. ladanifer. The young stems are red turning woody as they age. This selection from the cross has pure white flowers.  Early summer. bloom   4 ft. x 4 ft.

267-053D4     Cistus dubius       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
(C. laurifolius x C. salviifolius) The shrubs that are in the "costei group" of this cross have smaller but more numerous flowers. In habit, Cistus x dubius (costei group) (Rene Echard) is upright but rounded. The deeply veined leaves are aromatic and have a gray cast. The juvenile green stems turn woody with age.  June and July. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

267-014D4     Cistus 'Elma'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus 'Elma' is an upright medium sized shrub with narrow, dark green, leaves and single white flowers. The aromatic leaves are gummy to the touch and give off an indescribable, subtle aroma. We are often amused watching visitors sniffing the borders trying to identify the source of the fragrance.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

267-054D4     Cistus gardianus       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
((C. creticus x C. albidus) x C. crispus) Cistus x gardianus (Robert Page) is a complex hybrid that has an upright and rounded habit. The aromatic leaves are woolly, soft to the touch and have wavy margins. Flowers can sometimes have a white band in each petal.  Early summer. bloom   16 in. x 2.5 ft.

267-031D4     Cistus hirsutus       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
From SW Europe. The thick dark green leaves of Cistus hirsutus are a pleasant contrast to many of the gray and silver shrubs often associated with mediterranean gardens. In summer, the white flowers with yellow centers are a lovely complement.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

267-032D4     Cistus incanus 'Lasca Select'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
Cistus incanus 'Lasca Select' (Ken Montgomery) is a California hybrid that gets its name from the site where it was developed, Los Angeles State and County Arboretum (LASCA). It forms a vigorous shrub with large rounded green leaves that are both woolly and papery to the touch and have crimped margins. Cistus incanus is now considered C. creticus. We have left the botanical, however, as it was when we received the plant.  Early summer. bloom   4 ft. x 6 ft.

267-033D4     Cistus 'Jessamy Beauty'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White/Red Stain flowers
We grow Cistus 'Jessamy Beauty' in our new, rain-only border where its long, narrow, gray green foliage blends well with other mediterranean shrubs. The leaves are slightly resinous to the touch. The cheerful 2.5-inch flowers have a blotch of yellow crowned with red at the base of each petal.  June to July. bloom   18 in. x 30 in.

267-011D4     Cistus ladanifer     ( Common gum cistus )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The relatively large flowers of Cistus ladanifer are bright against its dark green lance-shaped leaves. The flowers have glowing yellow centers and a crimson blotch at the base of each petal. Touch the leaves and you will feel that they are cool and sticky. Their perfumed aroma clings to your fingers. This upright shrub is a perfect evergreen structural plant for the low-water sunny border.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

267-034D4     Cistus ladanifer 'Bashful'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The best application we have seen for this shorter selection of Cistus ladanifer is in sunny parking strips where they form the evergreen backdrop of the bed but are not tall enough to obscure the site-lines of passing drivers. Cistus ladanifer 'Bashful' has white flowers and its dark green foliage is resinous to the touch. The leaves measure 1 1/2 inches in length and a quarter-inch in width.  Summer. bloom   3-4 ft. x 3 ft.

267-035D4     Cistus ladanifer var. petiolaris 'Bennett's White'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Extra large flowers adorn Cistus ladanifer var. petiolaris 'Bennett's White'. This is a vigorous, upright shrub. The large green, lance-shaped leaves are thick and very aromatic. Even the stems are an ornamental feature as they age from an attractive brown to gray.  June and July. bloom   6 ft.

267-004D4     Cistus laurifolius       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The dark green, somewhat rounded foliage of Cistus laurifolius is sticky to the touch and highly aromatic in the sun. In midsummer, this shrub bears bunches of white flowers with yellow centers.  Midsummer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

267-029D4     Cistus ledon       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Its parentage of C. laurifolius x C. monspellensis makes Cistus x ledon one of the hardiest of Cistus crosses. In habit, this is upright when young, but does begin to widen as it ages. The long, narrow foliage is dark and sticky to the touch.  June to July. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-030D4     Cistus lenis 'Grayswood Pink'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
Cistus x lenis 'Grayswood Pink' is an excellent, mounding, evergreen shrub suitable for dry gardens. The downy gray leaves complement the papery flowers which have pale centers that are accented by a boss of yellow stamens. Demanding very little by way of care or water, this is the type of shrub to select for difficult to water sites.  June, July. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

267-037D4     Cistus libanotis 'Major'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
According to the literature, Cistus libanotis 'Major' is larger in size, leaf and flower than the species. The dark green leaves are willow-like with white undersides on rosy young stems. In our experience, this attractive evergreen shrub is very vigorous and free-flowering.  May, June. bloom   4 ft. x 3 ft.

267-038D4     Cistus monspeliensis       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The narrow green leaves of Cistus monspeliensis are lightly resinous and deeply veined on young green stems that are blushed rose. In late spring, clusters of small slightly cupped flowers with yellow stamens adorn the shrub. The petals are indented at their tips.  May to June. bloom   6 ft. x 3-4 ft.

267-056D4     Cistus obtusifolius     ( Rock Rose )     
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 White flowers
(Cistus salvifolius x C. inflatus) After two severe winters damaged or destroyed many of the cistus in our gardens, our friend Paul Bonine of Xera Plants suggested that we try this compact species. He was right. This has proven very hardy for us. Small and mounding in shape, its stems are purple when young. They are covered with blunt-tipped green leaves that are lightly woolly to the touch. The white flowers have a yellow splotch at the base of each petal. We have been pleased that this blooms for such a long time, well into the summer. We grow Cistus x obtusifolius in a no-water bed where it complements other dry-land plants like Muhlenbergia rigens, Lavandula stoechas 'White Flags', and Halimium x pauanum.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-002D4     Cistus populifolius       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus populifoliusis a mid-sized shrub with very textured foliage. Two-inch flowers are white with yellow basal spots.  Midsummer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

267-010D4     Cistus pulverulentus 'Sunset'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rose Pink flowers
Cistus x pulverulentus 'Sunset' bears sunset pink blooms which seem to glow on this compact shrub. Dark green, somewhat wavy edged leaves. Terminal clusters of three to six two-inch flowers.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-015D4     Cistus purpureus 'Brilliancy'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Dark Pink flowers
Cistus x purpureus 'Brilliancy' is a small shrub with soft gray green foliage and sticky stems. Rounded in habit. The flowers are dark pink with burgundy spots.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-052D4     Cistus ralletii       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rosy Pink flowers
(C. creticus x C. symphytifolius) C. symphytifolius is a Canary Island species and should not be hardy for us. But Cistus x ralletii is hardy and has done well in our garden, producing its generous inflorescences with numerous large pink flowers in early summer. With its upright habit and its rugged gray foliage this is an excellent addition to the dry border.  May to June. bloom   4 ft. or more x 4 ft. or more

267-041D4     Cistus 'Ruby Cluster'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White/Red Stain flowers
Perhaps the name Cistus 'Ruby Cluster' refers to the clusters of ruddy buds at the top of the flowering stems. Or does it refer to the ruby stain near the base of each petal of the small cupped flowers? The flowers' whiteness is accented by their central bosses of golden stamens. The foliage is mid-sized and apple green on reddish, lightly hairy stems. This is a rewarding, evergreen shrub for a dry border.  June through July. bloom   12 in. x 24 in.

267-042D4     Cistus salvifolius 'Gold Star'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Cistus salvifolius 'Gold Star' was collected by Robert Page in Portugal. We assume the name refers to the yellow stain in the center of the white flowers. Sprawling in nature, this makes a fine ground cover shrub for a sunny hillside. The light green leaves are textured and scalloped along their margins and complement the burgundy stems.  May to June. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-044D4     Cistus 'Santa Cruz'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rose Pink flowers
We are blessed with many drought-tolerant, hardy, evergreen shrubs in our region. Cistus 'Santa Cruz' is an attractive addition with its soft, woolly gray leaves on maroon stems and its large bright flowers with their glowing yellow centers.  Late spring to summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-007D4     Cistus 'Silver Pink'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Silvery Pink flowers
Cistus 'Silver Pink' bears beautiful three-inch satiny pink flowers with white centers and golden stamens. This mounding shrub has dark green lance shaped leaves.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 36 in.

267-009D4     Cistus skanbergii       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Soft Pink flowers
A naturally occurring hybrid between C. monspeliensis and C. parviflorus. Cistus x skanbergii has lance shaped, gray green foliage with wavy margins. 1-inch flowers are pale pink.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

267-006D4     Cistus 'Victor Reiter'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
Cistus 'Victor Reiter' bears green leaves with silver haired reverses as well as fuzzy stems that complement the large flouncy pink flowers. This shrub has a silvery presence in the garden throughout the year.  Summer. bloom   4 ft. x 4 ft.


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