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Plant Reference List - Co to Cy
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307-007D4     Colchicum agrippinum       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple Pink flowers
There is speculation that this is a cross between Colchicum variegatum and C. autumnale. In the spring, 6-inch strap-shaped leaves emerge reminding you where you have planted your bulbs. These leaves go dormant in late spring. Then, just when the summer garden is near its end and many perrenials are all but played out, lovely water-lily shaped flowers emerge leafless out of the bare ground. The flowers are checkered with purple pink checks. Colchicums help to carry on a year-round sequence of bulbs. Grow these in a sunny site with occasional summer water.  Early autumn. bloom   3-4 in. x 3-4 in.

307-001D4     Colchicum autumnale     ( Meadow saffron )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lavender Pink flowers
Colchicum autumnale is also known as meadow saffron. As the common name indicates, this is a meadow bloomer. The cupped flowers surprise us as they rise on leafless stems in the autumn. In spring, cabbage-like leaves appear and persist until the summer heat. Let these naturalize in an unmowed lawn for an attractive effect. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Autumn. bloom   4 in.

307-004D4     Colchicum 'Waterlily'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink Lilac flowers
Colchicum 'Waterlily': This wonderful autumn crocus emerges foliageless seemingly from nowhere late in the growing season. The doubled flowers do indeed look like water lilies and are stunning rising amidst a loose ground cover. Prefers soil with good drainage but adapts to a variety of growing conditions. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Autumn. bloom   5 in.

710-001     Convolvulus cneorum     ( Silverbush )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The common name of Convolvulus cneorum, Silverbush aptly describes this low, mounding shrub. Silky gray foliage is accented by pink buds and funnel shaped white flowers with yellow centers. Looks great all winter.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

020-009     Coreopsis rosea       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rosy Pink flowers
Eastern US. We grow Coreopsis rosea in the pink section of the Four Seasons Garden where it politely edges a path. This is a well-amended bed with good sunlight and the plant seems quite at home rising only to 14 inches with a similar spread. This can be used in sunny drier beds to good effect. The feathery foliage is especially attractive.  Summer. bloom   24 in. x 12 in.

020-010     Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Soft Lemon Yellow flowers
Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam' is a workhorse in the summer garden. Masses of pleasing yellow rayed flowers from summer to fall. Its generosity of bloom is matched by its hardiness.  Early summer to early autumn. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

020-011     Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Strong Golden Yellow flowers
Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb' is compact, with long-blooming clusters of yellow rayed flowers. The intensity of the yellow makes it a candidate for the "hot" border. Will tolerate some drought. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in

532-003D4     Cornus alba 'Argenteo-Marginata' ('Elegantissima')       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We grow Cornus alba 'Argenteo-Marginata' a fairly large, somewhat suckering shrub as a transition between the Four Seasons Garden and the Mixed Border. The gray green leaves with white margins brighten up a part shade situation. In winter after leaf-drop, the fiery red stems tell yet another story adding fuel to the yellow flowers of Hamamelis mollis nearby. The new growth is the most brilliantly colored, so cut back at the end of winter to promote new growth. A Great Plant Picks selection.  May to June. bloom   8-10 ft x 5-10 ft.

532-015D4     Cornus alba 'Aurea'       
Sun     Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cornus alba 'Aurea' is brilliant all seasons. During the spring, summer and fall, the leaves are glowing gold. But as the leaves begin to drop, the red twigs carry on the warm color in the winter garden. Small clusters of white flowers in late spring produce pale fruits in summer.  May to June. bloom   10 ft. x 10 ft.

532-015-1     Cornus alba 'Aurea'       
Sun     Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cornus alba 'Aurea' is brilliant all seasons. During the spring, summer and fall, the leaves are glowing gold. But as the leaves begin to drop, the red twigs carry on the warm color in the winter garden. Small clusters of white flowers in late spring produce pale fruits in summer.  May to June. bloom   10 ft. x 10 ft.

532-002D4     Cornus alba 'Gouschaltii'     ( Redtwig dogwood )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4 ,5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
The pink flushed, gold-ringed green foliage of Cornus alba 'Gouschaltii' serves as a backdrop for our Texture Garden during the growing season. Once the three-colored leaves begin to drop after the first cold-snap, the brilliant wine red stems become prominent adding a strong linear presence to the bed in winter. The flowers are small but reward viewing up-close. In the Texture Garden, which is fairly lean and dry, this dogwood stays about 5 feet in height. In well-amended clay soil, it reaches 8 feet.  May to June. bloom   8 ft. x 5 ft.

532-023-1     Cornus pumila       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cornus pumila is a short suckering shrub with beautiful soft, distinctly veined green foliage. In the autumn, the leaves are stained burgundy. The small white flowers develop into black fruits.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

532-026-1     Cornus sanguinea 'Compressa'     ( Bloodtwig dogwood )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Cream flowers
We are always looking for shrubs that are narrow and slow growing for customers who want accents for smaller gardens. This bloodtwig dogwood fills that bill and more. Cornus sanguinea `Compressa' is not simply narrow and slow to grow, it also has small leaves which are thick and stiff but curled giving the shrub an unusual, shaggy appearance. In the autumn those leaves turn purple. After the leaves fall, the red purple stems add color to the winter garden.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 1 ft.

532-026D4     Cornus sanguinea 'Compressa'     ( Bloodtwig dogwood )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Cream flowers
We are always looking for shrubs that are narrow and slow growing for customers who want accents for smaller gardens. This bloodtwig dogwood fills that bill and more. Cornus sanguinea `Compressa' is not simply narrow and slow to grow, it also has small leaves which are thick and stiff but curled giving the shrub an unusual, shaggy appearance. In the autumn those leaves turn purple. After the leaves fall, the red purple stems add color to the winter garden.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 1 ft.

532-001D4     Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Grow Cornus sanguineous 'Midwinter Fire' for the fiery stems that begin red at their bases and change to yellow and then orange at their tips. A rounded shrub with some fall color that is at its most beautiful at the end of the year. Cut back at the end of winter to promote new growth and to keep the shrub in size.  Spring bloom   6 ft. x 4 ft.

532-009-1     Cornus sericea 'Hedgerows Gold'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cornus sericea 'Hedgerows Gold' is a gift to Northwest gardeners from Oregon's Hedgerows Nursery. The bright yellow and green variegated foliage drops in November to reveal deep red stems. A Great Plant Picks selection.  May to June. bloom   6 ft. x 8 ft.

632-004D4     Corokia virgata 'Sunsprite' (x)       
Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Corokia x virgata 'Sunsprite' was found and cleverly named by our friends at Cistus Nursery. As its name suggests, this evergreen shrub is compact and slow-growing. In full sun, the leaves are almost platinum blond but in part shade they keep their bright yellow color. Individual leaves are lance-shaped and come to a distinct point. Grey stems covered in tiny hairs are fully visible through the sparse foliage. Corokia grow best in lean soils that are well-drained. They resent cold, wet winters in heavy clay. The original cross Corokia x virgata is between C. cotoneaster and C. buddlejoides.  Spring to summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

632-002-1     Corokia x virgata 'Sunsplash'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
For several years, we had enjoyed this open-habited evergreen shrub with its small, yellow splashed leaves showing cream and green highlights. Its see-through quality had combined nicely with other more densely foliaged shrubs in the background. We lost Corokia `Sunsplash' in the garden during our record cold December 2009, we miss it so much we are replacing it.  Late spring. bloom   5 ft. x 3 ft.

445-001D4     Correa alba 'Ivory Bells'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Ivory flowers
Correa alba 'Ivory Bells' grows on a south-facing slope where it has been hardy for us for many years. Rounded, matte-green leaves have hairy stems. Flowers are tubular, opening ivory and fading to tan.  October to February. bloom   3 ft. x 6-10 ft.

445-003D4     Correa backhouseana       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Cream flowers
Correa backhouseana, a softly textured shrub is best suited to mild climates. The soft ruddy hairs on the margins of the leaves and the stems is reminiscent of the velvet on deer antlers. Lovely cream bells.  Fall to winter. bloom   6 ft.

445-002D4     Correa pulchella     ( Australian fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Dusky Pink flowers
S. Australia. We have grown Correa pulchella outdoors for many years but were originally hesitant to sell it because it was reputed to be borderline hardy for us. It is an evergreen, low branching shrub with dark green elliptical leaves. Bears inch-long, bell-shaped, pink flowers with pale yellow lips at a surprising time of year. Keep in a sheltered position.  Autumn to winter. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

445-006-1     Correa pulchella 'Orange Flame'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Red Orange flowers
Correa pulchella 'Orange Flame': These Southern Hemisphere shrubs are border-line hardy for us in the maritime Northwest. In our milder winters they perform beautifully forming low mounding evergreen shrubs that bear brilliant tubular flowers throughout our rainy season. They are a source of nectar for resident hummingbirds. Protect them during the coldest weather.  Autumn to spring. bloom   20 in. x 20 in.

445-007D4     Correa 'Wyn's Wonder'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Rose Pink. flowers
Correa 'Wyn's Wonder' is not winter hardy for our climate but is so beautiful we grow it anyway. Try it in a container you can set out on warm winter days. The somewhat rounded leaves are outlined in cream which ages to near white. The variegation is irregular in width ranging from pencil-thin to extra-wide. Young stems are flushed with rose.  Autumn to spring. bloom   2-3 ft. x 4 ft.

021-022     Corydalis elata       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
Corydalis elata is very similar to Corydalis flexuosa except the foliage is not evergreen. Also, the flowers of our form, when viewed closely, have distinct violet staining at the base of the tubes. This is a slow spreading perennial that is ideal for the dappled shade garden.  Very late spring. bloom   16 in.

021-017     Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Light Blue flowers
Western China. Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue' is a spectacular plant with fragrant, light blue flowers and glaucous, finely cut foliage. Best in a moist location with loose, leafy soil.  May to June. bloom   18 in.

021-026     Corydalis flexuosa 'Pere David'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Turquoise Blue flowers
The delicate, tubular, turquoise blue flowers of Corydalis flexuosa 'Pere David' contain a delicious fragrance but you must kneel down to enjoy it. The fern-like, glaucous foliage has attractive red markings near its central ribbing. This form increases by stolons.  Spring to summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

021-027     Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
The leaves and stems of Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf' are stained red purple. The blood red markings at the base of the leaflets are quite impressive when coupled with its true blue flowers.  Spring. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

021-005     Corydalis leucanthema 'Silver Spectre'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender/Dark Throat flowers
The central silver variegation on the leaves of Corydalis leucanthema 'Silver Spectre' might better be described as "pewter". Nonetheless, it is an attractive feature that adds new possibilities in the shade garden. The lovely tubular flowers are heralds of spring.  Early spring. bloom   8 in.

572-001-1     Corylopsis pauciflora     ( Buttercup winter hazel )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
At the end of winter, we await the arrival of warm colors in our garden. Corylopsis pauciflora provides just that. Our mature specimen produces an immense number of flowers. In addition to their welcome color, they also bring a delicate fragrance. This densely branched, medium-sized shrub was introduced to the West from the Orient by Robert Fortune in the 1860's. It has been a mainstay in large borders and winter gardens ever since. In the early spring, the emerging leaves are tinged with bronze. As they unfold, their ribbed pattern becomes pronounced, raying out on either side of their central veins. As a result, even though its leaves are small, as its botanical name suggests, the shrub offers textural interest throughout the season until it drops its yellowing leaves in the fall.  Early to midspring. bloom   5 ft. x 8 ft.

572-002D4     Corylopsis sinensis var. calvescens f. veitchiana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lemon-yellow flowers
Coryopsis sinensis var. calvescens f. veitchiana plays an important role in our early spring garden when its 3-inch racemes dangle fragrant flowers from its leafless branches. For sheer flower-power, there are few spring-blooming shrubs that can compare. When the rounded and ribbed leaves do appear they are often tinged with bronze. As they mature they turn dark green above and have a blue-green cast underneath. This is a large shrub with sinuous spreading branches. The bark is cinnamon in color with occasional mottling. As the botanical name indicates, the shrub is from China.  Early to Midspring. bloom   12 ft. x 8 ft.

095-001     Cosmos atrosanguineus     ( Chocolate Cosmos )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Blood Red flowers
Cosmos atrosanguineus bears lovely, 1-inch, single, dahlia-like, blood red blooms above bushy dark green foliage edged in burgundy. The blooms have a chocolate aroma. Needs a sunny, protected, well-drained site. From Mexico.  Summer to early fall. bloom   24 in.

543-003D4     Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple'     ( Smoke tree )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple/Yellow flowers
We use this dark-purple foliaged tree as the back drop for one of our lavendar walks. There, its dark foliage shows off the flowers of the lavenders, spiraeas, and old world salvias. Nearby gold foliaged Spiraea 'Ogon' contrasts sharply with 'Royal Purple' and keeps this area from becoming too gloomy. We keep the Cotinus c. `Royal Purple' in scale by regularly cutting it back in the late winter. By doing so, we maintain a broad but 10- to 12-foot tree that anchors this border. The summer inflorescences are in loose terminal panicles which rise above the foliage. From a distance, the cloud of tiny flowers resemble a haze of smoke which is the origin of the common name Smoke tree.  May to July. bloom   Up to 20 ft. x 15 ft.

543-003-1     Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple'     ( Smoke tree )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple/Yellow flowers
We use this dark-purple foliaged tree as the back drop for one of our lavendar walks. There, its dark foliage shows off the flowers of the lavenders, spiraeas, and old world salvias. Nearby gold foliaged Spiraea 'Ogon' contrasts sharply with 'Royal Purple' and keeps this area from becoming too gloomy. We keep the Cotinus c. `Royal Purple' in scale by regularly cutting it back in the late winter. By doing so, we maintain a broad but 10- to 12-foot tree that anchors this border. The summer inflorescences are in loose terminal panicles which rise above the foliage. From a distance, the cloud of tiny flowers resemble a haze of smoke which is the origin of the common name Smoke tree.  May to July. bloom   Up to 20 ft. x 15 ft.

543-001-1     Cotinus coggyrgia 'Velvet Cloak'     ( Smoke tree )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 smoke-like panicles flowers
We have come to rely on this small tree to create drama in our lower garden. We keep it stooled so that the majority of its dark foliage is low enough to contrast nicely with the golden leaved plants that we have introduced there. Cotinus coggyrgia 'Velvet Cloak' has plume-like, terminal panicles in the summer that give the plant its "smoke-like" halo that is referred to in its common name. Its rounded, 3-inch leaves are a rich purple with red highlights during the summer. As the temperatures begin to cool in the autumn, the leaves take on smouldering red tones.  Summer. bloom   15 ft. x 12 ft.

543-001D4     Cotinus coggyrgia 'Velvet Cloak'     ( Smoke tree )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 smoke-like panicles flowers
We have come to rely on this small tree to create drama in our lower garden. We keep it stooled so that the majority of its dark foliage is low enough to contrast nicely with the golden leaved plants that we have introduced there. Cotinus coggyrgia 'Velvet Cloak' has plume-like, terminal panicles in the summer that give the plant its "smoke-like" halo that is referred to in its common name. Its rounded, 3-inch leaves are a rich purple with red highlights during the summer. As the temperatures begin to cool in the autumn, the leaves take on smouldering red tones.  Summer. bloom   15 ft. x 12 ft.

543-004D4     Cotinus 'Grace'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Cotinus 'Grace' is a hybrid between Cotinus obovatus and C. coggygria 'Velvet Cloak' and was created by Peter Dummer of Hillier Nursery in the UK. The result is a large shrub or small tree with bright wine-red young leaves that turn blue green as they mature and then take on vivid colors in the autumn. It is fast growing but can be kept in scale for a smaller garden by giving it a hard prune at the end of winter. When the large airy panicles of flowers appear, the effect is riveting. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   10-15 ft.

543-004-1     Cotinus 'Grace'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Reddish flowers
The brilliant deep red purple, rounded leaves of Cotinus 'Grace' look bright red with the sun shining through them. Older foliage turns dark wine red and then becomes suffused with green. In the autumn, the foliage takes on hues of peachy orange and yellow. A fine small tree or large shrub for an urban garden. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   15 ft. x 15 ft.

317-003D4     Cotoneaster apiculatus 'Tom Thumb'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, White flowers
Cotoneaster apiculatus 'Tom Thumb' is a very dense small shrub with tiny quarter-inch glossy green leaves alternating down the dark stems. The dense over-laying of the stems gives this a cascading rhythm. The leaves turn red in the autumn.  Summer, bloom   2 ft. x 5 ft.

317-005-1     Cotoneaster horizontalis     ( Rockspray )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink/White flowers
After 15 years in our garden, our specimen of Cotoneaster horizonatlis is much larger than usually stated in the literature. By now it is 5-feet tall and 7-feet wide. Its stiff branches are arranged in a "herring-bone" patern which is especially apparent in the winter after the dark leaves have fallen. These branches do indeed grow horizontally as the name suggests. They also grow downward at their ends and so make a dense groundcovering shrub. Toward autumn, the branches are laden with bright and glossy round fruits that persist into December. Our shrub grows at the base of a fastigiate copper beech and it anchors and connects that tree to the rest of the border.  Late spring. bloom   3 ft. x 5 ft.

317-002D4     Cotoneaster nitidus (distichus)       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8 White Blushed Pink flowers
Cotoneaster nitidus anchors our fuchsia path. We have pruned it to create an open, upright, fan-shaped shrub that is always dynamic. From late spring to early summer, the countless small flowers are abuzz with the hum of honeybees. At high summer, the tall arching branches form a filigree of leaves against the sky. By the late summer, brilliant red fruits echo the red in the Christmas colored fuchsias nearby. These fruits persist into the winter when the plant becomes a haven for wildlife.  Early summer bloom   8 ft. x 12 ft.

023-001-1     Crambe cordifolia       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Just as the spring perennials are finishing up in the Dry Border and the Buddleias are setting their bloom, the massive leaves of Crambe cordifolia unfold from a huge purple rootstock. Soon, clouds of tiny white flowers appear on 8-foot stems. The effect is one of a giant baby's breath. The flowers are honeyed at first and become less sweet with age.  Spring. bloom   8 ft. x 5 ft.

025-019D4     Crocosmia 'Carmine Brilliant'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
Essentially the tubular flowers of Crocosmia 'Carmine Brilliant' have a "carmine" (red blue) coloration when you look in their interiors. The reverses of the flowers, however, range from orange to scarlet giving the plant a complex coloration. To add to the complexity, the stems and calyces are a complementary purple. The grass-like foliage is medium green. Hummingbirds do love the flowers.  July to August bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

025-005D4     Crocosmia 'Emberglow'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Scarlet/Orange flowers
The striking orange tubular flowers of Crocosmia 'Emberglow' have scarlet reverses and yellow throats. The flower stems are often stained purple.  Summer. bloom   3 ft.

025-011D4     Crocosmia 'Emily McKenzie'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
Crocosmia 'Emily McKenzie' bears open, flat faced orange flowers with maroon markings in their centers. The purple stems are the same color as Penstemon 'Rich Ruby,' a potential companion.  Late summer. bloom   30 in.

025-002D4     Crocosmia 'Golden Fleece' ('Citronella')       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Crocosmia 'Golden Fleece' bears pollen yellow buds that open to bright yellow flowers that are larger than usual. The apple green foliage is narrow.  Midsummer. bloom   2.5 ft.

025-010D4     Crocosmia 'Jenny Bloom'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Mango flowers
Crocosmia 'Jenny Bloom' bears mango colored buds that open to an intense orange-yellow. Individual flowers are one inch across.  Early summer. bloom   2.5 ft.

025-012D4     Crocosmia 'Kathleen'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet/Orange flowers
Crocosmia 'Kathleen' bears scarlet buds that open to scarlet and orange flowers.  Midsummer. bloom   3 ft.

025-004D4     Crocosmia 'Lucifer'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet-Red flowers
Customers must share this towering perennial with the hummingbirds. The vivid scarlet-red flowers of Crocosmia 'Lucifer' draw the eye up into the Mixed Border. The ruddy rounded seed capsules call attention to themselves as well and make great additions to a late summer bouquet. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

025-001D4     Crocosmia masoniorum       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Vermillion flowers
Crocosmia masoniorum bears vermilion buds which open to orange flowers with yellow centers. The reverses are alternating scarlet and orange. Take advantage of the burgundy stems to complement other purples in the garden. Foliage is fairly broad.  Early summer. bloom   4 ft.

025-006D4     Crocosmia 'Norwich Canary'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Crocosmia 'Norwich Canary' bears yellow orange buds that open bright yellow inside with orange-yellow reverses. Flowers 1.5-inches wide.  Midsummer. bloom   2 ft.

025-028D4     Crocosmia 'Orangeade'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
We have been surprised by the long season of bloom on Crocosmia 'Orangeade'. Open-faced tubular flowers are distributed along tall arching stems that rise above the bold pleated foliage. In height, this is intermediate between the short selections and tall plants like 'Lucifer'.  July to September. bloom   4 ft. x 3 ft.

025-018D4     Crocosmia pottsii 'Culzean Pink'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Apricot Pink flowers
Small in flower but very lovely of color. The one-inch funnel-shaped flowers of Crocosmia pottsii 'Culzean Pink' are not really pink but closer to apricot with hints of orange. The flower spike has foot-long racemes. We grow this with Rosa 'Rachel Bowes Lyon' which is very close in color and is in bloom at the same time.  Late July through August. bloom   32 in.

025-003D4     Crocosmia 'Solfatere'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Soft Yellow flowers
The ochre buds of Crocosmia 'Solfatere' open to relatively large flowers that are soft yellow on the inside and bright yellow on their reverses. They are carried on wiry stems above narrow green leaves which are infused with bronze. A very attractive combination.  Summer. bloom   2.5 ft.

025-016D4     Crocosmia 'Star of the East'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
Crocosmia 'Star of the East' bears large outward facing soft orange flowers with paler centers. This excites visitors who stroll by the orange section of the Rose Garden. The persistent orange seed heads are also attractive.  Midsummer to midautumn. bloom   28 in.

025-014D4     Crocosmia 'Venus'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Red Orange/Gold flowers
The buds of Crocosmia 'Venus' are scarlet opening to golden orange flowers with distinct red scalloping. The reverses alternate peachy orange and scarlet orange.  Midsummer. bloom   2.5 ft.

025-017D4     Crocosmia 'Walberton Red'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rosy Coral flowers
Crocosmia 'Walberton Red' is very late flowering, for us just overlapping with the final August blooms of Crocosmia 'Venus' and 'Star of the East' and continuing on alone to October. The red buds open to 2- inch wide rosy coral flowers that have orange red reverses.  August to October. bloom   22 in. x 12 in.

415-002D4     Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan Sugi'     ( Japanese cedar )     
Sun     Zones 6-9
We have a pair of these graceful trees framing a wide arch over one of the central paths of our garden. The arch supports clematis and roses and we wanted evergreens which are slow growing and narrow on either side. Because we especially liked the look of these Japanese cedars, they were our first choice. One feature we are fond of is their young tip growth which is creamy yellow. In the winter, when the clematis and roses have finished their show, the tip growth turns even paler and the two Cryptomeria j. `Sekkan Sugi' become an even more pronounced focal point in the garden.    15-20 ft. in 10 yrs. x 6-8 ft. in 10 yrs.

637-001     Cryptotaenia japonica f. atropurpurea       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Cryptotaenia japonica f. atropurpurea was supposed to stay 18 inches tall but has neared the 3 foot mark here. The purple-black foliage and stems are most lovely in the spring. Later in the year they tend to dull with age. It seems quite happy in the shady end of our Point Garden against the silvery backdrop of the sunny end.  Early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 2.5 ft.

419-001-1     Cupressus glabra 'Blue Ice'     ( Arizona cypress. )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Cupressus glabra 'Blue Ice' is a splendid conical tree that has true blue foliage that never fails to attract our visitors. 15 ft. x 8 ft. in ten years.    To 25 ft.

547-001     Cyclamen hederifolium       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9 Pink flowers
The leaves of Cyclamen hederifolium are marbled in light and dark green. They are somewhat triangular in shape, with wavy edges and purple reverses. The solitary flowers rise on short stems in the autumn before the leaves develop. They disappear but the leaves persist throughout the winter filling a very important role in the winter garden. We grow these under conifers and rhododendrons. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Autumn. bloom   4-5 in.

547-006     Cyclamen hederifolium 'Alba'       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9 White flowers
The leaves of Cyclamen hederifolium `Alba' are marbled in light and dark green. They are somewhat triangular in shape, with wavy edges and purple reverses. The solitary flowers rise on short stems in the autumn before the leaves develop. They disappear but the leaves persist throughout the winter filling a very important role in the winter garden. We grow these under conifers and rhododendrons. All are hand-selected for true color. Cyclamen hederifolium is a Great Plant Picks selection.  Fall bloom   4-5 in.

547-007     Cyclamen hederifolium 'Silver Leafed'       
Part Shade, Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink/Rose flowers
Our thanks to the O'Byrnes at Northwest Garden Nursery for introducing us to this selection. We lift and grow our own all-silver seedlings, selecting only the best for our customers. As with the species, the flowers of Cyclamen hederifolium 'Silver Leafed' arise just at the advent of new foliage growth (usually September in Portland, Oregon). The frosted foliage is persistent and remains attractive until the early summer when it goes totally dormant. Be sure to notice how the floral stems form tight coils on the ground after flowering as they prepare to release their seed. Cyclamens do well under the eaves of houses and even under conifers where they are not subject to unseasonable water.  Mid- to late autumn. bloom   4-5 in. x Slowly increasing

406-001D4     Cynara cardunculus     ( Cardoon )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Purple flowers
Cynara cardunculus is a relative of the artichoke (Cynara scolymus). The cardoons are massive clumping perennials with arching, gray, deeply cut basal foliage and towering bloom spikes. The flower heads resemble prickly artichokes with intense purple flowers that draw bees & hummingbirds alike. The plants may go into a short period of dormancy after blooming. Cut back the spent bloom spike and they will grow new leaves which they will carry through the winter. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   12 ft. x 5 ft.

763-001D4     Cypella coelestis       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
We have tested this iris relative in our gardens and it has proven hardy. Delicate mid-blue iris flowers of Cypella coelestis continue to bloom on yard-high stems over many weeks. The large knobbed seed capsules are also attractive. Beautiful pleated blue-green leaves.  Late summer. bloom   36 in. x 5 in.

741-003D4     Cyrtomium macrophyllum       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
The stalwart, evergreen Cyrtomium macrophyllum remained upright and attractive throughout the extra-cold and snowy winter of 2008-09. The broad wavy-edged blades have a dull luster and distinct black veining running through them that makes you wonder if you shouldn't add ebony-colored Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens' nearby for a color echo. A Great Plant Picks selection.    1-2 ft. x 1.5 ft.


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