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Plant Reference List - G
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507-001     Gaillardia grandiflora 'Goblin'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Red/Yellow flowers
Gaillardia x grandiflora 'Goblin' is brightly colored, long-blooming, carefree, and drought tolerant. This plant fits all these demands of the busy gardener. The red daisies with sharply contrasting yellow tips would be right at home in the dry border with Salvia greggii, Solidago, Achillea and Helenium.  Early summer to early fall. bloom   1 ft. x 1 ft.

482-001     Galanthus nivalis       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Pyrenees to Ukraine. Galanthus nivalis has naturalized in our gardens and provides a much needed display when our late winter customers arrive. The down-facing, pendant white flowers consist of three inner and three outer tepals. A characteristic upside-down, green "V" is found on the inner tepals. If early visitors were bold enough to crawl on their knees in the mud, they might catch the wiff of a light fragarance.  Late winter to mid-spring. bloom   4 in.

491-001D4     Galega 'Lady Wilson'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue/White flowers
Our friend Lucy Hardiman introduced us to Galega 'Lady Wilson', a beautiful, long-blooming perennial. Airy foliage with panicles of mauve blue and white bicolored flowers from early summer to early fall. This form is sterile and does not produce seed.  Early summer to early fall. bloom   5 ft. x 3 ft.

662-005D4     Gardenia jasminoides 'Frost Proof'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Gardenia jasminoides 'Frost Proof' seems like a real boon to gardeners who swoon over highly fragrant shrubs. The pointed foliage is dark green, perfect to show off the double waxy white flowers. Even during a sudden spring freeze, the buds and flowers persist undeterred. As an added bonus, many have noted that the shrub is not attractive to deer.  May to July. bloom   3-5 ft. x 3-4 ft.

662-001D4     Gardenia 'Klehm's Hardy'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
This hardy selection has been tested to 0 F. The dark green somewhat glossy leaves of Gardenia 'Klehm's Hardy' (especially when they are young) remain evergreen, so it is very useful as a structural shrub for smaller gardens. The real delight, of course, comes from late spring throughout the summer when the white flowers perfume the air. The two-inch flowers with 5-to-6 petals nestle at the tip of the stems.  Late spring through summer. bloom   3-4 ft. x 3 ft.

746-001D4     Garrya eliptica     ( Silk-tassel bush )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Gray Green flowers
This native of the Western States should be used more commonly in gardens. Why? First, because the most frequent question we are asked at our nursery is the names of shrubs that can be used as hedging to hide the neighbors. One or two of these evergreen shrubs can easily be used to create a moderately quick, informal evergreen screen that should more than hide unwanted views. Second, even though Silk-tassel bushes are regarded as background plants, they are very attractive and are especially noteworthy in late winter when their long, tress-like tassels are dangling underneath their countless branches. Third, they are easily shaped. Even though their branches often grow in odd directions, the wood is soft enough to easily promote upward growing limbs. The leaves are quite thick, especially older ones, and have a slight gloss on their surfaces even though they are actually covered in tiny hairs. The undersides of the leaves have an indumentum of fine hairs that give them a woolly appearance.  Midwinter to early spring. bloom   10-12 ft. x 10-12 ft.

746-002D4     Garrya elliptica 'James Roof'     ( Wavy leaf silk tassle )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
This Oregon native is noted for its long tress-like tassles which develop and extend up to a foot long from fall into winter. A harbinger of the spring to come, the tassles are a delight whether they hang straight or billow in the mid-winter breezes. Easily shaped or espaliered, this fast-growing, evergreen shrub is under-represented in gardens. For those wanting to extend the seasons of interest in their gardens, this is surely a worthy choice. Give this shrub good drainage. Once it is established, it is fairly drought tolerant.  Late winter. bloom   8 ft. x 8 ft.

329-001     Gaura lindheimeri       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Gaura lindheimeri bears small, butterfly-like blooms that adorn long willowy stems. Blooms are white fading to pink and continue for a very long time. Perfect for a dry, well-drained site.  June to September. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

329-004     Gaura lindheimeri 'Golden Speckles'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
A Joy Creek Introduction for 1999. The foliage of Gaura lindheimeri 'Golden Speckles' is what distinguishes this Gaura. It is speckled with tiny gold dots. The flowers are white maturing to pink.  June to September. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

329-003     Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink' bears airy tiny butterfly-like flowers in clear pink that contrast well with the red sepals. An introduction from Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery.  June to September. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

329-005     Gaura lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White/Pink Blush flowers
Gaura lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies' is a large-flowered selection with red sepals. The name aptly describes the countless delicate flowers that seem to flutter on the long flower stems. The foliage is gray green. Very long blooming.  June to October. bloom   30 in. x 30 in.

329-011     Gaura 'Siskiyou Pink' (Red Leaf Form)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Pink flowers
This is a selection of Gaura we purchased from Blooming Nursery. It has consistent deep maroon foliage and is more compact than plants in the trade labeled 'Siskiyou Pink'. The flowers are the same color - deep pink paling to soft pink. Like the other gauras, this is somewhat drought tolerant once established. We grow it in a low-water border where it blooms like crazy all summer into the autumn.  Summer to autumn. bloom   24-36 in. x 18-24 in.

171-024     Gentiana makinoi 'Royal Blue Strain'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Rich Blue flowers
There is almost no color so treasured as blue in the late summer and early autumn garden. And so, here is a plant to treasure. These seedlings of the Gentiana makinoi `Royal Blue Strain' have vivid flowers up to 2 inches long which form at the terminal and upper leaf axils of the stems. The flowers are tubular and the upper lips do not recurve. Lance-shaped leaves rise up the sturdy stems which bear these flowers proudly.  Late summer. bloom   20 in. x 6 in.

171-006     Gentiana septemfida var. lagodoechiana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6-8 Blue flowers
Even in late October a few brilliant blue flowers on Gentiana septemfida var. lagodoechiana continue to open. This is not bad for a plant that begins to bloom in late July. In our garden this forms a mat of small, glossy, lance-shaped leaves. Flowering stems have single terminal and axilary blooms. This has been an easy gentian for us to grow in a mixed border with a little late afternoon shade.  Summer to fall. bloom   6 in. x 18 in.

172-049     Geranium 'Ann Folkard'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Magenta/Black flowers
Geranium 'Ann Folkard' (1973) is a mounding and trailing geranium that has large deeply divided golden to chartreuse foliage. The flower stems bear 1- to 1 1/2-inch flowers of dusty magenta with black centers. A word of caution about this lively beauty. We have had stems stretch out to six feet clambering up into a neighboring hydrangea. She does want to grow but is easily controlled with some judicious pruning, or let her go to mingle with her neighbors. This is a cross between G. procurrens and G. psilostemon found in the garden of Oliver Folkard in Lincolnshire, England. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer to fall. bloom   24 in. x 36 in.

172-001     Geranium cantabrigense 'Biokovo'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White/Blush Pink flowers
The 1-1/2- to 2-inch wide foliage of Geranium x cantabrigense 'Biokovo' is semi-glossy, rounded, seven-lobed and evergreen. As the weather cools, the margins of the leaves take on a rosy cast. Because it spreads by runners, this perennial is perfect for use as a ground cover. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 36 in.

172-056     Geranium cantabrigense 'Jans'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Geranium x cantabrigense 'Jans' is, in all ways, the smallest of the G. x cantabrigense crosses we grow. It has glossy, evergreen foliage that stays just over an inch wide. It is an excellent groundcover.  Summer bloom   6 in. x 20 in.

172-002     Geranium cantabrigense 'Karmina'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Pink flowers
Geranium x cantabrigense 'Karmina' is denser in habit than G. 'Biokovo' with darker flowers and with foliage to about 10 inches in height. An excellent evergreen ground cover. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Early to midsummer. bloom   10 in. x 24 in.

172-032     Geranium dalmaticum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Soft Pink flowers
Geranium dalmaticum is a low, mounding evergreen perennial with five-lobed, matte green leaves. It bears spikes of 3-4 soft pink flowers. Do not let this tiny and sweet perennial get overpowered by its neighbors. Since it comes from rocky areas along the Dalmatian coast of Croatia, try it in a rock garden where it will feel at home.  June to July. bloom   3-4 in. x 8-12 in.

172-050     Geranium harveyi       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
South Aftrica. Geranium harveyi is a naughty beauty! It has managed to flounce its way to the ground over a 2-foot wall. This silvery ground cover has nickel-sized, finely feathered leaves. They are adorned with soft pink funnel shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   6 in. x indefinite.

172-082     Geranium himalayense 'Baby Blue'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet Blue flowers
Geranium himalayense 'Baby Blue' bears rugged, three- to four-inch, deeply divided leaves that form a ten to twelve inch mound. The lovely, large violet blue flowers are 1 1/2 inches across.  Late spring. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

172-004     Geranium himalayense 'Gravetye'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7 Violet Blue flowers
While the lobed foliage of Geranium himalayense 'Gravetye' (var. alpina) is smaller than the species, the flowers are larger, reaching up to 3 inches in diameter. Violet blue blooms have a small white eye and the petals are somewhat redder toward their bases. When the leaves first emerge in the spring they are edged with a fine red line. The plant is named for the Gravetye Manor in England.  Early summer and autumn. bloom   12 in x 24 in.

172-042     Geranium himalayense 'Irish Blue'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Blue flowers
We must thank Graham Thomas for this lovely selection. Geranium himalayense 'Irish Blue' (1947) is a mounding, compact geranium with large lavender blue flowers that have a dark pink influence in the center of their cups. The dark green, deeply veined leaves are slightly hairy to the touch. Blooms for a long period from spring to summer.  Spring to summer. bloom   12-18 in. x 24 in.

172-028     Geranium himalayense 'Plenum' (Birch's Double)       
Sun to Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Purple Blue/Dark Veins flowers
Geranium himalayense 'Plenum' is a polite carpeting plant with somewhat small, rounded, but well-cut foliage. The flowers, in clusters of twos and threes, are ruffled and doubled. This does exceptionally well at the edge of a woodland garden.  June to July. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

172-021     Geranium 'Johnson's Blue'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Light Blue flowers
Introduced during the 1950's from the Welch garden of A.T. Johnson, Geranium 'Johnson's Blue' continues to be a perennial favorite. Its light blue flowers are large and are veined in red. This compact plant is at home in our Mixed Border. It is the result of a cross between G. himalayense and G. x pratense.  Summer. bloom   18 in. x 24 in.

172-011     Geranium macrorrhizum 'Bevan's'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Crimson Purple flowers
We recommend Geranium macrorrhizum 'Bevan's' as a groundcover for dry shade. Large, pungent foliage is lightly sticky. Terminal flower clusters have contrasting red sepals. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Early summer. bloom   20 in. x 18 in.

172-041     Geranium macrorrhizum 'Ingwersen's Variety'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Pink flowers
Geranium macrorrhizum 'Ingwersen's Variety' was found by Walter Ingwersen on Mt. Kopriunik in Yugoslavia in 1929. That we are still enjoying it in our gardens after all these years is a testament to its usefulness. Broad, five-lobed leaves are light green, finely haired and have a distinctive scent when brushed or rubbed. A Great Plant Picks selection.  May to June. bloom   10 in. x 3 ft.

172-005     Geranium maculatum 'Album'     ( Spotted geranium )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Geranium maculatum 'Album' has rounded, light green leaves are 5-lobed with clear gaps between the lobes. They take on gold and pumpkin orange tones in the autumn. Earlier in the season cymes of upward-facing, cup-shaped flowers create a lacy filigree.  Late spring to midsummer. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

172-068     Geranium maculatum 'Chatto'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Lilac-Pink flowers
Geranium maculatum 'Chatto' bears distinctly coarse, dark green, five-lobed leaves that have deep venation. The largest leaves are well over 5 inches across. The flowers are small and have white centers. This is very useful as a groundcover. This comes from the nursery of the famed garden writer and gardener Beth Chatto in England.  Spring and summer. bloom   20 in. x 24 in.

172-045     Geranium magnificum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Rich Violet/Blue flowers
Geranium x magnificum is a sterile cross between G. ibericum and G. platypetalum. It has mid-green leaves that are 3 inches wide and as much as 8 inches long that are lightly hairy to the touch with 8 to 9 overlapping lobes. It blooms in one long magnificent flush. The cupped flowers are up to two inches across.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 36 in.

172-013     Geranium nodosum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rich Pink flowers
France, Italy. Geranium nodosum grows nicely in shady spots where it can naturalize. Because it is a summer bloomer, it can be used to take the stage after spring ephemerals have completed their show. The pink flowers have a slight funnel shape. The foliage is 3-to-5-lobed and slightly glossy.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

172-064     Geranium oxonianum 'A.T. Johnson'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Geranium x oxonianum 'A.T. Johnson' forms a mound of lax stems branching out from the center of the plant and rising about a foot. The small, well-divided foliage is slightly hairy to the touch. In our hot sun, the intense hot pink flowers fade to soft pink with rose veining. This comes from the garden of A.T. Johnson, an well-know gardener from Wales.  June to July. bloom   12-15 in. x 18 in.

172-077     Geranium oxonianum 'Aumore'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Soft Pink flowers
Geranium x oxonianum 'Aumore' forms a pool of two-foot long stems reaching out from the center of the plant and rising up at their ends to 18 inches. The attractive foliage is deeply divided and slightly coarse to the touch. The flowers are a delicate soft pink. We grow this in extremely dry circumstances and it seems quite happy.  June to July. bloom   18 in. x 24 in.

172-057     Geranium oxonianum 'David McClintock'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
We grow Geranium x oxonianum 'David McClintock' in full sun with very little summer water on a south slope. Apple-green lobed leaves form an attractive mound. Flowering stems can reach 22 inches with clusters of soft pink, narrow petaled flowers.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 16 in.

172-070     Geranium oxonianum 'Pearl Boland'       
Shade, Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Geranium x oxonianum 'Pearl Boland' bears white flowers veined dark red which emerge from clusters of dark rose buds. These are nicely set off by the dense mid-green foliage.  Summer. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

172-058     Geranium oxonianum 'Rebecca Moss'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Pink flowers
Geranium x oxonianum 'Rebecca Moss' looks larger than the other G. x oxonianum selections we grow. The 3-inch, 5-lobed leaves which rise on pinkish stems are lightly hairy to the touch. The soft pink flowers continue all season, even in partial sun.  Late spring to mid-autumn. bloom   32 in. x 24 in.

172-067     Geranium 'Pat Smallcomb'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
The mid-green foliage of Geranium 'Pat Smallcomb' has a distinctive matte surface. Small, bright pink, cupped flowers in clusters of two rise on 12-inch stems.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 24 in.

172-095     Geranium phaeum 'Blue Seedling'     ( Mourning widow )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet Blue flowers
This seedling was spotted in our gardens by Marietta O'Byrne from Northwest Garden Nursery. She noticed that its flowers were more violet blue and not the maroon of the form generally seen in gardens in our area. At her suggestion, we have propagated the plant. We have learned to cut Geranium phaeum and its selections back fairly hard after the spring bloom. This promotes new growth which remains attractive for the rest of the season.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

172-059     Geranium phaeum 'Lily Lovell'       
Sun to Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Violet flowers
Geranium phaeum and its many cultivars are extremely generous, drought and shade tolerent perennials. Geranium phaeum 'Lily Lovell' is no exception. With its dark flowers and its rugged lobed leaves, this has a commanding presence in almost any setting. We cut the bloom-spikes back after bloom to prevent self-seeding. The plant rebounds quickly. Selected by Trevor Bath, who authored a book on hardy geraniums, and named for his mother.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

172-038     Geranium phaeum v. phaeum       
Sun to Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Magenta Black flowers
Geranium phaeum v. phaeum is a herbaceous clump-former with large, broad, lobed foliage. The flat open-faced flowers bloom on one-sided stems. Repeats bloom if cut back.  June to July. bloom   3 ft.

172-043     Geranium phaeum var. phaeum 'Samobor'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple flowers
Geranium phaeum var. phaeum 'Samobor' was found by Elizabeth Strangman near Samobor, Croatia. This is a self-seeder but we are so fond of it we allow it to bloom. Cut the flowering stems before seed-set and the leaves then form a dense mound. The great charm of the leaves is in the brown purple blotches that surround the base of each lobe. Tall, airy, 30-inch flower spikes bear purple flowers.  Early summer. bloom   30 in. x 18 in.

172-006     Geranium renardii       
Sun to Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White/Lavender Rays in the Center flowers
We have grown Geranium renardii in various sunny spots throughout the garden where its velvet gray green textured leaves are a fine foil for other sun-loving perennials. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Early summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

172-031     Geranium riversleaianum 'Mavis Simpson'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Medium Pink flowers
Geranium x riversleaianum 'Mavis Simpson' is one of the groundcovers in the pink section of the Four Seasons Garden. It forms an attractive mound of gray green leaves when not in bloom. By summer, the plant is smothered in pink flowers which are veined in rose. Its versatility and beauty make it one of our best-selling geraniums. Use it in combination with Salvia 'Purple Rain' and Sedum 'Vera Jameson' for a long-blooming effect, or spill it over a low wall. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   12-15 in. x 36 in.

172-085D4     Geranium 'Rozanne'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet Blue flowers
The violet blue flowers of Geranium 'Rozanne' are 2 inches across. Their pale centers have magenta veining. The anthers are black and show up against the pale centers. The foliage is mid-green turning fiery red in the autumn. And the flower stems are red. No wonder this was selected as a Great Plant Pick!  Summer to first frost. bloom   24 in. x 20 in.

172-085     Geranium 'Rozanne'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet Blue flowers
The violet blue flowers of Geranium 'Rozanne' are 2 inches across. Their pale centers have magenta veining. The anthers are black and show up against the pale centers. The foliage is mid-green turning fiery red in the autumn. And the flower stems are red. No wonder this was selected as a Great Plant Pick!  Summer to first frost. bloom   24 in. x 20 in.

172-046     Geranium sanguineum 'Connie's Variety'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rich Rose/Dark Veins flowers
Geranium sanguineum 'Connie's Variety' is a small clumping ground cover with dark green foliage. One-inch shallowly cupped flowers bloom on 10-inch stems.  Summer. bloom   10 in. x 12 in.

172-016     Geranium sanguineum 'Max Frei'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Carmine Rose flowers
Geranium sanguineum 'Max Frei' bears compact, mounding dark green foliage covered in carmine-pink saucer-shaped flowers. In the autumn, the leaves take on brilliant red tones.  Summer. bloom   3 in. x 8 in.

172-027     Geranium sanguineum 'New Hampshire Purple'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Rose Purple flowers
Geranium sanguineum 'New Hampshire Purple' is a low mounding form with large rose-purple cupped flowers all summer. Grow this trailing over a wall or in the border.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

172-093     Geranium sanguineum 'Pure Joy'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Every once in a while we find a seedling in the garden that charms us with its beauty. We observe it, we divide it and test it. Years pass as we make our assessment. One day, we realize that the plant has gotten straight A's. This is one of those plants. Small in size, with apple green leaves that are mostly 5-lobed, Geranium 'Pure Joy' fits easily into the border front where its pristine white flowers will brighten a summer day. Even the white buds are a delight.  Summer. bloom   6 in. x 9 in.

172-094     Geranium sanguineum 'Shell Pink'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Soft Pink flowers
When we find unusual seedlings in our garden, we spend many years trialing them. We then increase them if we decide they are garden-worthy. We found this geranium years ago and have come to treasure both its soft pink, red veined flowers and its low, compact habit. Among its other charms are the red staining on the flowering stems, red carpels late in the season, and red edging on the dark green foliage in the autumn. All of this makes for a colorful addition for the front of the border.  Summer. bloom   5 in. x 12 in.

178-007     Geum chiloense 'Georgenburg'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Orange Yellow flowers
Geum chiloense 'Georgenburg' bears coarse, bright green, somewhat cut leaves. Ten-inch stems bear saucer shaped flowers.  Late spring to midsummer. bloom   10 in. x 12 in.

178-017     Geum 'Eos'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Orange flowers
Although the flowers in and of themselves are not as showy as many of the newest geum cultivars, their contrast with the chartreuse leaves of this selection makes for an dazzling picture. Because this is a selection from Geum coccinea, its leaves are somewhat rounded and lobed forming a cup where the stems meets the leaves. They are lightly hairy to the touch.  May, June bloom   6 in. x 12 in.

178-009D4     Geum 'Fire Lake'     ( Avens )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red Orange flowers
In the past few years we have seen a well-deserved increase of interest in Geums. The rugged, roughly kidney-shaped leaves are cupped and lightly woolly. They form a low mound of evergreen foliage from which the numerous flowering stems rise bearing their brightly colored saucer-shaped flowers. Dead-heading promotes a second round of blooms. Geum `Fire Lake' finds itself at home in our Rose and Clematis border where it underplants a yellow rose.  Spring and summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

178-020     Geum 'Herterton Primrose'     ( Avens )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
During the last decade there has been renewed interest in Geum resulting in many colorful selections that offer an extended season of bloom. Geum 'Herterton Primrose' is named for Herterton House Garden in Northumberland, England, where it was found. The small nodding flowers are soft yellow as the name suggests. They bloom in clusters on one-foot stems. The deciduous foliage is somewhat rugged in appearance. What is especially nice is that, if the spent blooms are removed in the summer, the plant will repeat bloom.  Late spring to early summer; August to September. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

178-010     Geum 'Mango Lassi'     ( Avens )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
It is always exciting to grow a plant that was introduced by a local nursery. Geum 'Mango Lassi' was selected by Grace Dinsdale at Blooming Nursery in Cornelius, Oregon, which is just over the hill from our nursery. Grace was inspired by the color of the yogurt drink served in Indian restaurant when she named this perennial which reminded her of the mango, yellow and golden tints visible in its flowers. We have come to rely on this geum for its tidy, compact yet rugged, evergreen foliage and its long-blooming flowers held on upright stems above the foliage. Cut the flowering stems back after the first flush of flowers and it will repeat bloom. This is a Great Plant Pick from the Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden.  Early summer to autumn. bloom   1 ft. x 1 ft.

178-016     Geum quellyon var. flora plena 'Blazing Sunset'     ( Avens )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet flowers
This brilliant scarlet geum was the result of a breeding program by Thompson & Morgan. The double flowers are 50% larger than the species giving more impact in the border garden. The rugged green leaves are fuzzy in appearance forming an attractive mound when the plant is not in bloom.  Late spring into summer. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

178-002D4     Geum rivale     ( Indian chocolate, Purple avens )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dusky Pink flowers
Because it is native to the northern part of North America and Europe where it is found along streams and ponds or in damp forests and meadows, Geum rivale does best in a moist site with good sun. We grow it near a run-off in our garden and it is quite happy. The coarse foliage has a wildness about it that is attractive. It is hairy and rough to the touch but deserves a close look. The lowest and largest leaves are divided into 5 to 7 leaflets with the tipmost leaflet being the most sizable. The smaller upper leaves have 3 leaflets. The flower stems are dark purple and that color is taken down into the large dark sepals which almost conceal the nodding, bell-shaped flowers within. These sepals are persistent and continue to give the appearance of a flower long after the flower has dried. Individual flowers measure 3/4 inches across but they are gathered in cymes of up to five.  Late spring to midsummer. bloom   1-2 ft. x 1.5 ft.

927-001D3     Gladiolus tristis       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Yellow to Cream flowers
South Africa. Gladiolus tristis are deliciously fragrant. Their simple funnel-shaped flowers scarcely resemble the larger, more complicated florist glads. Rising on wiry stems amidst grass-like foliage, they are a surprising ephemeral delight in the sunny border.  Spring bloom   18 in.

176-009     Globularia cordifolia       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, Lavender Blue flowers
We grow this mat-forming perennial from the mountains of central and southern Europe in a sunny border that has above-average drainage. The evergreen foliage of Globularia cordifolia is spoon-shaped and somewhat glossy, forming dense rosettes. The flowers are in spherical heads on short flowering stems reaching to 5 inches. Grow it in a rockery, in a wall planting or as we have done, in a sunny border.  Summer. bloom   1.5 in. x 12 in.

469-003D4     Grevillea 'Canberra Gem'       
Sun     Zones (8)9-11 Cerise flowers
Grevillea 'Canberra Gem' has grown successfully on the south side of our farm house for eight years, weathering many nasty winter storms. The branches are dense with narrow, dark evergreen needle foliage. Bears terminal clusters of spidery red flowers. Good for a sheltered sunny site in the Pacific Northwest.  (December-February) March to May. bloom   6-7 ft. x 6-7 ft.

469-015D4     Grevillea 'Marshall Olbricht'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Bright Orange flowers
The evergreen shrub Grevillea 'Marshall Olbricht' was found at Western Hills Nursery in Occidental, CA, and named for its cofounder. Although it resembles Grevillea victorae in habit, it is decidedly different. The willowy leaves are much shorter and narrower. The stem color is also more gray brown and the leaves appear a bit greener. Like Grevillea victorae, this has proven to be fully winter hardy in the Maritime Pacific Northwest. For those gardeners who garden for hummingbirds, this is essential because it blooms throughout the winter. Despite its Australian roots, our native hummingbirds have learned to frequent its brilliant flowers.  Autumn through spring and sporadically in the summer. bloom   9 ft. x 9 ft.

469-008-1     Grevillea victoriae       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
Some years it seems that Grevillea victoriae is never out of bloom. Coral pink clusters of tiny shrimp-like flowers hide discreetly underneath the evergreen foliage attracting hummingbirds all winter here in the Pacific Northwest. The attractive olive green leaves have silvery undersides that are visible because of the angle at which they are held on the stems. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Winter to summer. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

469-008D4     Grevillea victoriae       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Orange flowers
Some years it seems that Grevillea victoriae is never out of bloom. Coral pink clusters of tiny shrimp-like flowers hide discreetly underneath the evergreen foliage attracting hummingbirds all winter here in the Pacific Northwest. The attractive olive green leaves have silvery undersides that are visible because of the angle at which they are held on the stems. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Winter to summer. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

177-001D4     Gunnera manicata       
Part Shade, Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Reddish flowers
With leaves longer than the height of most humans, this rugged herbaceous plant is certainly among the most talked about plants in our garden. Children look up in awe at the spiny undersides of the leaves; adults can see their tops and realize that they are coarse enough to cause abrasions. The spines continue all down the six-foot stems. At their bases rise nob-like panicles up to 3 feet tall encrusted with tiny greenish flowers that develop into ruddy fruits.  Summer. bloom   8 ft. x 10 ft.

177-001-1     Gunnera manicata       
Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rust Red flowers
With leaves longer than the height of most humans, this rugged herbaceous plant is certainly among the most talked about plants in our garden. Children look up in awe at the spiny undersides of the leaves; adults can see their tops and realize that they are coarse enough to cause abrasions. The spines continue all down the six-foot stems. At their bases rise nob-like panicles up to 3 feet tall encrusted with tiny greenish flowers that develop into ruddy fruits.  Summer. bloom   8 ft. x 10 ft.

184-002     Gypsophila cerastioides       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Gypsophila cerastioides is a loose mat former with semi-evergreen rounded gray foliage. The attractive small trumpet shaped flowers are white with pink veining. Good for the rock garden. From the Himalayas.  Late spring through summer. bloom   2 in. x indeterminate.


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