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Plant Reference List - V to Z
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337-002D4     Uncinia rubra 'Firedance'     ( Red Hook Sedge )     
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9
When we first acquired this plant, we feared it might not be winter hardy. However, it has flourished for the last five years on a southern slope exposed to all-morning sun and afternoon shade. These are seedlings of that mother plant. All are extremely uniform in their size and color. Young leaves are a combination of dark red brown with flashes of radiant red. They are narrow, leathery and have a semi-gloss that enhances the fiery effect. Older leaves take on an olive green tone as they age. Be careful when handling this ornamental grass because it has sharp edges. At 14 inches, the inflorescences do not rise above the arching blades of 'Firedance'. The dried seeds have hooks that can easily attach themselves to fabric.  Summer. bloom   20 in. x 30 in.

369-002D4     Uvularia perfoliata     ( Strawbell )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Yellow flowers
Uvularia perfoliata is an East Coast woodland ephemeral which we allow to colonize in harmony with hostas and ferns. The down-hanging leaves are perfoliate as the specific name indicates. At the top of each stem dangles one, sometimes two, soft yellow flowers.  Spring. bloom   2 ft. x 1 ft.

589-004D4     Vaccinium ovatum     ( California huckleberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Here in Oregon we call this native our evergreen huckleberry. Vaccinium ovatum is a familiar shrub in the Coastal Range and the Western Cascades. Although it is associated with moister areas, it is surprisingly drought tolerant once established. The form we offer has not reached four feet in height in 5 years. Its glossy, thick leaves are dark green when mature and finely serrated along their edges. New growth - which continues on and off throughout the season - is bronze to red and is especially attractive in cooler months. The bell-shaped white flowers have their first major flush in late spring and early summer but the shrub continues to bloom and bear fruit throughout the summer and fall if given adequate water. The tiny dark fruits are sweet and edible even if they are time-consuming to gather. Wild life has no trouble finding them. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late spring to early summer and later. bloom   5 ft. x 4 ft.

589-001D4     Vaccinium 'Sunshine Blue'       
Sun     Zones 5-10 Pink flowers
In general, we grow plants in our garden for ornamental, not culinary purposes. It is always a pleasure to find a berrying shrub that has incredible ornamental appeal. This shrub has rounded foliage that is glaucous blue. Young growth has a bronze cast to it. The small bell-shaped flowers begin pink and fade to white. And, perhaps best of all, Vaccinium 'Sunshine Blue' produces loads of delicious berries over a long period of the summer. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

589-003D4     Vaccinium 'Top Hat'     ( Blueberry )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Vaccinium 'Top Hat' is a favorite with our landscape designer because it is a small rounded shrub that is highly ornamental and produces delicious fruit as well. A few other attractions are its foliage which turns red in the fall and its waxy white bell-flowers. It is a cross between a highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum) and a lowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium) and has inherited its short size from the latter. For those that lack garden space, grow it in a container and enjoy the fact that its compact habit does not deter it from producing lots of berries.  Late spring. bloom   2 ft. x 1.5 ft.

254-001     Valeriana arizonica       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Pink flowers
Not showy because of its small stature but very at home in our Dry Border making a small evergreen mat of rounded, midgreen, slightly hairy foliage. Valeriana arizonica produces short spikes with clusters of terminal pink flowers.  Late spring. bloom   6 in. x 6 in.

082-001     Vancouveria hexandra     ( Inside-out flower )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This is one of the most common perennial groundcovers in the Douglas fir forests of Oregon and Washington where it spreads by slowly creeping rhizomes which are dense enough to suppress weeds. The white flowers rise above the bright green foliage in loose panicles. Vancouveria hexandra is deciduous. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late spring. bloom   16 in. x 16 in.

082-002     Vancouveria planipetala       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
A Northwest native groundcover comparable to the evergreen Epimediums. The lustrous, rounded foliage looks good all year. Cut Vancouveria planipetala back at the end of the winter to show off the loose panicles of bell-shaped white flowers.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   8 in. x 16 in.

083-002-1     Verbascum bombyciferum 'Arctic Summer'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Children are drawn to the immense (14 inch) silvery, felted evergreen leaves of this biennial. Later they are awed by the many-branched towering candelabra of sulfur yellow flowers all summer. Verbascum bombyciferum 'Arctic Summer is short-lived but well worth it for the effect.  All summer. bloom   8 ft. x 2 ft.

083-003     Verbascum chaixii       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
C., E. & S. Europe. From an almost flattened rosette of coarse evergreen foliage arise woolly spikes bearing small, pale yellow flowers with eye-catching purple filaments. Useful in giving a sense of verticality, Verbascum chaixii prefers a drier site with good drainage.  Summer. bloom   36 in. x 18 in.

083-010     Verbascum chaixii f. album       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
This has naturalized in one or two places in the garden and its cheery spires add a cottage garden feel to those areas. The roughly veined, somewhat oblong leaves of Verbascum chaixii f. album are mostly evergreen at the base. From that base, arise spires bearing myriad outward-facing, saucer-shaped, creamy white flowers with a sparkle of mauve stamens within.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   36 in. x 18 in.

083-015     Verbascum phoeniceum     ( Purple mullein )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple flowers
Verbascum phoeniceum is not uncommon, but customers always ask us about this short-lived perennial. They love the muted purple of the cup-shaped flowers facing outward covering the erect flower stems. The midgreen basal foliage is conspicuously veined and crinkled.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   2-3 ft. x 18 in.

084-001     Verbena bonariensis       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Lilac Purple flowers
This South American beauty has self-seeded nicely in our garden. We admire the erect, stiff, sparsely foliaged, sand-papery stems that add verticality to the garden without blocking the view of neighboring plants. Even after the blooms of Verbena bonariensis are spent, the colorful calyces remain attractive. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflys.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 18 in.

084-009     Verbena hastata     ( Wild hyssop )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Blue flowers
This widely distributed North American perennial may be found in wetter areas along the Columbia River Gorge. Its dynamic candelabra-like flower-spikes always draw the attention of summer visitors, including bees and birds. Clumping in habit, not needing excessive care or fertility, it is a shame that more gardeners do not take advantage of the charms of Verbena hastata.  July to September. bloom   Up to 5 ft. x 1-2.5 ft.

084-011     Verbena 'Homestead Purple'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Purple flowers
Verbena 'Homestead Purple' needs sharp drainage to get through our soggy winters but it is a great performer blooming non-stop through the season. Dense, 2-inch terminal panicles of purple flowers. The mid-green foliage is irregularly toothed.  Early summer to early autumn. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

084-004     Verbena 'Lapis Lazuli Blue'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Blue Purple flowers
This compact, seemingly non-stop blooming perennial is ideal for containers and the front of the border. Its wiry foliage is an excellent backdrop for the clusters of showy flowers. Because Verbena 'Lapis Lazuli Blue' is small in size, it is easy to fit into a limited planting space where you want bright color throughout the bloom season. We have been pleased with its hardiness as well. The only drawback is the name of the plant which suggests that the flowers are blue. They are really blue purple.  Spring, Summer and Fall. bloom   6-10 in. x 12 in.

084-002D4     Verbena rigida       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10, 11 Purple flowers
Verbena rigida is one of the South American verbenas which are characterized by rounded corymbs of flowers on upright stems. Although often grown as an annual, Vebena rigida is perennial in milder climates. Because its tuberous roots wander modestly through the garden, it forms an attractive colony and is ideal for a pollinator garden or meadow planting. Its narrow, toothed foliage, measuring up to 3 inches long, is stalkless and rough to the touch.  Summer. bloom   18 in. x 16 in.

085-010     Veronica allionii       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Blue flowers
Veronica allionii is an excellent mat former with spikes of vivid purple blue flowers. Very tough and easy to grow.  Summer. bloom   6-8 in. x 12 in.

085-015     Veronica armena       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Veronica armena is one of our favorite rock garden plants. The short, soft needle-like, evergreen leaves cover the stems from bottom to top. Terminal clusters of delicate blue flowers.  Spring. bloom   3 in. x 8 in.

085-061     Veronica austriaca ssp. teucrium       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
Local gardeners often complain that they buy all their plants in the spring and lack for color interest in the summer. With so many summer blooming perennials available, it is hard to be sympathetic with their complaints (although we do try). This is one plant that is easy to recommend to them because it is so tried and true. Veronica austriaca ssp. teucrium is frequently offered with the cultivar name 'Crater Lake Blue', a very nice seed selection. It is ironic that a plant originating in Northern Europe was given an Oregon place name. The species itself is wonderful without any fancy names. Dense mats of gray green, scalloped foliage produce tall stems with 4-to-6-inch flower spikes throughout the summer. Individual flowers are small and saucer shaped, however, gathered together in a bloom spike, they make a gorgeous sight.  Summer. bloom   36 in. x 24 in.

085-009     Veronica 'Crater Lake Blue'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Veronica 'Crater Lake Blue' has neatly mounding foliage with spikes of pure blue flowers.  May to July. bloom   18 in.

085-016     Veronica gentianoides       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Blue flowers
Veronica gentianoides is a mat former with basal rosettes of broad lance-shaped foliage. It bears cup-shaped blue flowers in upright terminal spikes. Although the flowers appear delicate, the plant is tough as long as it has good drainage and sun. From Ukraine.  Early summer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

085-042     Veronica gentianoides 'Variegata'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Blue flowers
Veronica gentianoides 'Variegata' has white variegation on the margins of the thick, somewhat scalloped, dark green leaves. Always attractive even when not blooming.  Early summer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

085-012     Veronica liwanensis     ( Turkish speedwell )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Several of our customers have asked us to carry this plant. We thank them for their suggestions and share their enthusiasm. This terrific groundcovering perennial is happy in both dry sun and dry part-shade situations. The small, glossy, evergreen leaves offer year-round interest. They appear on creeping, much branched stems that are woody at their base. When this is in bloom, the ground is a sea of tiny, cupped, blue flowers.  Spring to summer. bloom   2 in. x 1-2 ft.

085-005     Veronica longifolia       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac Blue flowers
Central Europe to Russia. The dark green, linear leaves of Veronica longiflolia are evenly notched along their edges. These seedlings have soft blue flowers bearing prominent stamens. The terminal racemes can measure up to 10 inches. Because Veronica longifolia blooms toward the end of summer into the fall, it is a good perennial for continuing the blue tones later in the season.  Late summer, early autumn. bloom   30 in. x 12 in.

085-022     Veronica oltensis       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Violet Blue flowers
A ground cover with gray green, lightly haired, tiny, heart-shaped leaves. The stems reach upward as they trail. There is a beautiful flush of bloom in the spring which is followed by intermittent bloom throughout the year. We grow this in our rockery.  Spring. bloom   1 in. x 12 in.

085-013     Veronica petraea 'Madame Mercier'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lavender-Blue flowers
Excellent loose ground hugger with ruddy stems, dark green foliage and tiny blue flowers.  Summer to fall. bloom   2 in.

085-018     Veronica prostrata       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
Use this as a modest groundcover with other blue flowering perennials. The linear green leaves are notched on their edges. Short racemes of saucer-shaped flowers emerge on upright stems.  Early summer. bloom   6 in. x 16 in.

085-031     Veronica prostrata 'Mrs. Holt'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender Pink flowers
Mat-forming ground cover with spikes of tiny pinkish flowers.  Early summer. bloom   6 in. x 6 in.

085-045     Veronica prostrata 'Trehane'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Deep Blue flowers
When this first arrived at the nursery, it was hard to resist the glowing yellow green foliage. Then the deep blue flowers bloomed. The combination was incredible. This is a terrific mat-former for the front of the border.  Early summer. bloom   1.5 in. x 12 in.

085-047     Veronica repens 'Alba'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
A mat former with dense green foliage and short spikes of white flowers.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   2-4 in.

085-011     Veronica spicata     ( Spike speedwell )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Violet flowers
Veronica spicata is an upright, mat-forming perennial with stately flowering spikes. The lower foliage is oblong but it becomes more linear as it climbs the stem. The rich green leaves are hairy to the touch and are finely toothed around their margins. The terminal flower spikes form a candelabra with the largest, central spike measuring 5 to 6 inches. These are seedlings and their flowers are a rich violet. The flowers have prominent violet stamens which give them an airy appearance.  Early to late summer. bloom   2.5-3 ft. x 2 ft.

085-048     Veronica spicata 'Erika'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Veronica spicata 'Erika' is a mat former that is tidy and easy to grow, sending up twelve-inch bloom spikes of rich pink.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

085-030     Veronica spicata 'Goodness Grows'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Deep Blue flowers
Distinguished for its very long season of bloom and its ability to survive a wide range of climates. We use it in containers for height and color.  May to October. bloom   14 in. x 18 in.

085-029D4     Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Violet Blue flowers
An incredibly long-blooming blue for the border garden. The foilage of Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue' is compact and attractive as well.  June to frost. bloom   18 in. x 12 in.

085-023     Veronica surculosa       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Veronica surculosa's tiny, scalloped gray green leaves are softly haired and the terminal clusters of cornflower blue flowers have white eyes. Try this little gem in a rockery, a trough, or draping over a wall.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   2 in. x 2 ft.

085-036     Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Mounds of evergreen foliage covered with deep blue flowers very early in the year with modest repeat bloom throughout the season. Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue' is our best selling speedwell. In our Northwest winters the foilage takes on a marroon cast in the coldest weather. From Soviet Georgia. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Early spring to summer. bloom   4 in. x 24 in.

085-043     Veronica wormskjoldii     ( American alpine speedwell )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue Violet flowers
This small ground-cover Speedwell is broadly distributed across North America, even finding its way down the West Coast into Oregon. Its rich green, somewhat rounded leaves come to a tip. During the summer, short flowering stems bear 3-to-4-inch racemes composed of small blue flowers. Veronica wormskjoldii has been described as being "nicely" spreading which means that it does its job well but is not invasive.  Summer. bloom   4-10 in. x Spreading

278-004D4     Veronicastrum 'Lavendelturm'     ( Culver's root )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender Pink flowers
Selected by the well-known German plantsman Ernst Pagels, the name of this cultivar describes the appearance of the elegant, branched spikes of flowers that rise above attractive whorls of lance-shaped leaves. It translates to " lavender tower." Veronicastrum 'Lavendeltrum' is easy to grow and especially useful in part shade situations.  August to September. bloom   4-5 ft. x 2 ft.

278-002D4     Veronicastrum virginicum 'Album'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White. flowers
This very, upright, architectural plant holds its own at the back of a border. Tapering terminal bloom spikes, more than a foot long, are echoed by shorter axilary spikes, all of them narrowing from an inch at their bases to pointed tips. It is wonderful to watch them unfurl like swans unfolding their necks. The dark green leaves are assembled in whorls at about three-inch intervals up the stems of Veronicastrum virginicum 'Album'.  August and September. bloom   5.5 ft. x 2 ft.

278-005D4     Veronicastrum virginicum 'Erica'     ( Culver's root )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Pink flowers
A candelabra of flower spikes crown this upright perennial. Countless tiny long-protruding stamens give the densely packed spikes a feathery appearance. We have found Veronicastrum virginianum `Erica' to be a wonderful companion to Miscanthus sinensis 'Flamingo' where the pink flower color is echoed in the grass. Trimming back the spent spikes after the first flush of flowers will promote new growth and repeat flowering. But you can also leave the old spikes on and enjoy their form as they age.  Midsummer to early autumn. bloom   3-4 ft. x 18 in.

278-003D4     Veronicastrum virginicum 'Roseum'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Like the white flowered form of this species, Veronicastrum virginicum 'Roseum' is upright and architectural and, because of its height, is often used in the back of the border. It has similar foot-long bloom spikes encircled by shorter axilary spikes. The flowering spikes narrow to pointed tips. The main difference between the two forms is that the flowers of 'Roseum' are white with a pink blush. The dark green foliage whorls up the stems. Both have long been underused in gardens but, with the resurgence of interest in North American wildflowers, their popularity seems to be on the rise.  June, July, August. bloom   4-5 ft. x 1-2 ft.

751-001D4     Vestia foetida       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
This open-habited Chilean shrub was a treat for the hummingbirds all spring with its tubular flowers with long extruded anthers. The acorn-like fruits of Vestia foetida are upward facing and very ornamental. The glossy, dark green foliage is evergreen.  Spring. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

529-034-1     Viburnum acerifolium       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This comes from somewhat dry woodlands in Eastern North America where it forms a modest suckering understory shrub. The mostly three-lobed leaves are often attractively bronzed when they emerge in the spring and, as the botanical name indicates, the majority of them look like maple leaves. The flattened, lace-cap arrangement of the inflorescences of Viburnum acerifolium measure about three inches across. In the late summer, the egg-shaped fruits turn bright red and later purple black. The fall color of the leaves is impressive with a mix of rose, red and purple.  Mid to late May and June. bloom   4-6 ft. x 3-4 ft.

529-018-1     Viburnum awabuki       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
We knew very little about this shrub when we received our first specimen. As it grew in height, we realized how radiant it was because of the high gloss on its large, leathery, evergreen leaves. We liked it so much we planted it in two sites in our garden. The clusters of white flowers are especially fragrant. Use Viburnum awabuki as a large shrub to screen an unsightly view or as a small specimen tree.  Spring. bloom   15-20 ft. x 10 ft.

529-018D4     Viburnum awabuki       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
We knew very little about this shrub when we received our first specimen. As it grew in height, we realized how radiant it was because of the high gloss on its large, leathery, evergreen leaves. We liked it so much we planted it in two sites in our garden. The clusters of white flowers are especially fragrant. Use Viburnum awabuki as a large shrub to screen an unsightly view or as a small specimen tree.  Spring. bloom   15-20 ft. x 10 ft.

529-057-1     Viburnum bodnantense 'Charles Lamont' (x)       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, Pink flowers
It is hard to imagine the early spring garden without shrubs like Viburnum x bodnantense 'Charles Lamont'. They bring beautiful, fragrant flowers and then slender leaves with cherry red petioles on elegantly arching branches. 'Charles Lamont' was named for the assistant curator at the Royal Botanical Garden in Edinburgh who first crossed V. farreri with V. grandiflorum in 1933. Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' is similar, however, 'Charles Lamont' has larger leaves and is said to bloom earlier than 'Dawn'. This shrub is upright in habit with a more or less vase shape. The leaves turn red and gold in the autumn before they fall.  Late Winter to Early spring. bloom   10-12 ft. x 8-10 ft.

529-008-1     Viburnum bodnantense 'Dawn'     ( Pink Dawn Viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 7, 8 Pink flowers
When Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' comes into bloom in late winter, we feel a sense of relief. The American robins must feel the same. They enjoy visiting the young-leafed branches of this large shrub and showing off their orange breasts against the numerous clusters of soft pink flowers. We often cut branches so we can enjoy the perfume of the early flowers indoors. This cross between V. farreri and V. grandiflorum was developed at Bodnant Gardens, in North Wales, England, around 1935. It has been well-celebrated throughout the years for its flowers, but we also enjoy the delicate bronze flush of the spring green leaves. Later, occasional dark fruits accent the shrub. Some say that 'Dawn' is somewhat gawky in habit, but we have shaped our specimen into a well-balaced small tree and have no complaints.  Late winter to early spring. bloom   9 ft. x 9 ft.

529-008D4     Viburnum bodnantense 'Dawn'     ( Pink Dawn Viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 7, 8 Pink flowers
When Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' comes into bloom in late winter, we feel a sense of relief. The American robins must feel the same. They enjoy visiting the young-leafed branches of this large shrub and showing off their orange breasts against the numerous clusters of soft pink flowers. We often cut branches so we can enjoy the perfume of the early flowers indoors. This cross between V. farreri and V. grandiflorum was developed at Bodnant Gardens, in North Wales, England, around 1935. It has been well-celebrated throughout the years for its flowers, but we also enjoy the delicate bronze flush of the spring green leaves. Later, occasional dark fruits accent the shrub. Some say that 'Dawn' is somewhat gawky in habit, but we have shaped our specimen into a well-balaced small tree and have no complaints.  Late winter to early spring. bloom   9 ft. x 9 ft.

529-004D4     Viburnum burkwoodii       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We grow this large, semi-evergreen shrub in our Point Garden where it receives only occasional water and is exposed to the sun much of the day. The semi-glossy, rounded leaves can measure up to 4.5 inches long and 2.5 inches at their widest. They are lightly hairy on their reverses. In the autumn, the very oldest leaves that are preparing to fall take on yellow and red tones. For the most part though, the foliage of Viburnum x burkwoodii that stays on the shrub through the winter is green, sometimes with a flash of burgundy. The pale pink flowers have a spicy fragrance.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   8 ft. x 8 ft.

529-023D4     Viburnum carlesii     ( Korean spice viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Viburnum carlesii is almost an ideal medium shrub with rounded leaves that are velvety to the touch. Clusters of soft pink buds open to exceptionally fragrant white flowers. In the fall, the leaves turn rich burgundy and the fruits are bluish black.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   6-8 ft. x 6 ft.

529-017D4     Viburnum carlesii compactum     ( Koreanspice viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Korea, Japan. We often hear people call this shrub evergreen, but it should probably be thought of as half-evergreen because it does drop many of its leaves in the autumn. The rounded leaves are thick with a pale green underleaf. When Viburnum carlesii compactum is grown in full sun, many of the leaves turn purple red. The very fragrant flowers form into 3-inch spherical clusters. The pink flowers emerge from dark pink buds. Green fruits mature into red and eventually turn black. This slow-growing, rounded shrub becomes wider than tall over time.  April. bloom   8 ft. x 8 ft.

529-021-1     Viburnum cinnamonifolium       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
Viburnum cinnamonifolium is a large evergreen shrub that anchors the pink section of the Rose and Clematis border where we have shaped it into a small tree. The 6-inch, dark leaves have flashy red stems and are glossy and deeply veined. They have an attractive wave along their margins giving them real character.  Early summer. bloom   15 ft. x 20 ft.

529-021D4     Viburnum cinnamonifolium       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
Viburnum cinnamonifolium is a large evergreen shrub that anchors the pink section of the Rose and Clematis border where we have shaped it into a small tree. The 6-inch, dark leaves have flashy red stems and are glossy and deeply veined. They have an attractive wave along their margins giving them real character.  Early summer. bloom   15 ft. x 20 ft.

529-016D4     Viburnum davidii       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (7), 8, 9 White flowers
W. China. This evergreen shrub is commonly grown and neglected in Northwest gardens. Although it will tolerate some degree of dryness, it is not a mediterranean plant and requires regular watering to reveal its true beauty. The foliage is leathery, deeply veined and not noticably toothed along the margins. It takes two plants of Viburnum davidii to produce the attractive, persistant, metallic blue fruits. The leaves are not as glossy, but in many respects this looks like a small form of Viburnum cinnamonifolium. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Early summer. bloom   3-5 ft. x 5 ft.

529-039D4     Viburnum dilatatum 'Michael Dodge'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Viburnum dilatatum 'Michael Dodge' is a form of the Japanese species that was selected at Winterthur Gardens in Delaware. This is at its peak in the autumn when the glossy pale-yellow fruits glow against the bright red foliage.  May. bloom   5-6 ft. x 5 ft.

529-038D4     Viburnum edule     ( Squashberry or mooseberry )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
N. America. Viburnum edule is found in moist, shady conditions in the wild, but has been fine on our part shade, well-draining hillside. Rounded leaves have three lobes and lightly hairy undersides. In autumn they turn yellow, red and burgundy. Small clusters of flowers produce red fruits that complement the colorful fall foliage.  May to June bloom   7 ft. x 6 ft.

529-047-1     Viburnum farreri nanum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We were given our specimen of Viburnum farreri nanum many years ago by Fred Nilsen who was head arborist at the Hoyt Arboretum in Portland, Oregon. Over the years we have looked forward to the early season bloom of this dense upright shrub. Of particular beauty are the red petioles and veins of the deeply pleated leaves. This bright color makes a powerful impact during our gloomy winter days. The flowers are white with a pink influence. Fred assured us that it did not bloom profusely but we have been pleased with the modest display. In any case, this is an attractive, compact and colorful shrub that is suitable for both smaller and larger gardens.  Late winter. bloom   30 in. x 36 in.

529-022D4     Viburnum foetidum var. quadrangularis       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White flowers
The evergreen, glossy, leathery green leaves of Viburnum foetidum var. quadrangularis are 2 inches long and 1 inch wide. They are especially attractive in contrast with the red brown new growth. On our lightly shaded south-facing hillside, it has formed an open-habited shrub with occasional long arching branches. In autumn, the small red fruits look very attractive amidst the shiny leaves.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

529-066-1     Viburnum grandiflorum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8 Pink flowers
Viburnum grandiflorum is probably best known as one of the parents of Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' and others. Even though it comes from moderately high elevations in Himalaya and Kashmir, it is not reliably hardy in colder climates. The 3- to 4-inch eliptical leaves are deeply veined and sharply toothed along their margins. They have rich red petioles and that color is sometimes taken up into the central leaf vein. Here in the Pacific Northwest, this is a great addition to the Winter Garden because that is when the small, fragrant flowers bloom. They are followed by fruits which turn black when they ripen.  January to March. bloom   6-8 ft. x 6 ft.

529-024-1     Viburnum juddii (x)       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Viburnum x juddii is a cross between V. bitchuensis and V. carlesii that was raised by William Judd at the Arnold Arboretum in 1920. This mid-sized, deciduous shrub has rounded, dark green leaves that make it a pleasing backdrop for the garden. It is in the spring, when its flowers open in 3-inch spherical cluster, that you want to gather near to it in order to take in their sweet fragrance. The flowers emerge from pink buds and so they have a light pink influence. There is some reddening of the leaves in the fall.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   4 ft. x 5 ft.

529-005D4     Viburnum lantana 'Mohican'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Cream flowers
This incredibly tough shrub with dark, hairy leaves creates a dark background to showcase other plants. Clusters of creamy flowers develop into fruits that turn from green to red to black. Viburnum lantana 'Mohican' was developed at the US National Arboretum.  Summer. bloom   8 ft. x 8 ft.

529-029D4     Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
A stunning selection from Winterthur Museum and Gardens. The glossy foliage of Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' turns deep cinnabar in the fall contrasting with the rich blue fruits.  Early summer. bloom   8 ft. x 4 ft.

529-032D4     Viburnum opulus 'Aureum'     ( European cranberry )     
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Ultimately this becomes a large deciduous shrub, round in shape with dense arching branches. In ten year's time, the shrub measured 8 feet tall and 4 feet wide in our garden. The three-lobed leaves are irregularly toothed along their margins. They measure 2 to 4 inches wide. When they are young, the leaves are bright yellow. If the shrub is grown in too much shade, that color will deepen to green. It is often advised that Viburnum opulus 'Aureum' should be planted in all morning sun and afternoon shade in order to maintain its glowing color. The flowers are very similar to white lace-cap hydrangea flowers with tiny fertile flowers in the center surrounded by larger, showier sterile flowers. The common name European cranberry refers to the beautiful red fruits which are especially lovely against the yellow foliage.  Late spring. bloom   8-10 ft. x 10 ft.

529-037D4     Viburnum opulus 'Compactum'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This compact form of the European cranberry is a sight to behold when it is loaded down with shiny red berries in the late summer. Earlier in the season, it is covered with attractive white lace-cap-type flowers. Viburnum opulus 'Nanum' was developed at the US National Arboretum.  Early summer. bloom   4-6 ft. x 5 ft.

529-044-1     Viburnum opulus 'Exuberant'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6,7, 8, 9 White flowers
Thanks to Dave and Dorothy Rodal, former owners of Exuberant Gardens, we have been able to expand our Viburnum collection. Their large garden is a spectacular place to spend an autumn afternoon oohing at the brilliantly colored leaves and bright berries. Viburnum opulus 'Exuberant' is all that its name suggests - vigorous and producing lots of flowers followed by a wealth of large orange red fruits. The autumn leaves are a riot of orange and yellow in concert with the showy fruits and the dark red petioles of the leaves.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   8+ft. x 12 ft.

529-014-1     Viburnum opulus 'Nanum'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Selected in France, in 1841, and long cultivated throughout Europe. Viburnum opulus 'Nanum' is a true dwarf of the cranberry bush and is shy of flowering. It forms a dense, rounded shrub with attractive leaves that take on burgundy highlights in the fall.  Late spring. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

529-014D4     Viburnum opulus 'Nanum'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Selected in France, in 1841, and long cultivated throughout Europe. Viburnum opulus 'Nanum' is a true dwarf of the cranberry bush and is shy of flowering. It forms a dense, rounded shrub with attractive leaves that take on burgundy highlights in the fall.  Late spring. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

529-043-1     Viburnum opulus 'Ukraine'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We thank our friends David and Dorothy Rodal for allowing us to cut Viburnums in their collection. Viburnum opulus 'Ukraine' was exceptionally showy when we visited their garden. The 4-inch mid-green leaves are maple-like in appearance. In the autumn they turn fiery red, complementing the deeper red of their petioles. In spring, the three-inch, terminal inflorescences are arranged in a lace-cap pattern. Later in the summer fleshy, bright red fruits develop. It is these vivid fruits that give this species its common name, European cranberry bush.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   15 ft. x 12 ft.

529-053D4     Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty'     ( Doublefile viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Doublefile Viburnum, with their arching branches lined with double rows of lace-cap flowers, are some of the most easily recognized and popular medium to large shrubs that we grow. There are two features that make Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty' especially appealing. One, it is generally smaller and more compact than many of the other Doublefile forms. And, the color of its lace-cap flowers is pink, not white. They begin pale pink and grow darker as they age. The attractive, pleated leaves are often tinted bronze when they are young. In the autumn, they turn purple red. Thanks to David and Dorothy Rodal for sharing this plant and their image with us.  Spring. bloom   6-10 ft. x 6-10 ft.

529-002D4     Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Summer Snowflake'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Summer Snowflake' forms a dense pillar-like shrub in our shade garden where it is in constant bloom. In late summer the red fruit combines with the late flowers. A fine viburnum for a smaller garden.  Spring to autumn. bloom   8 ft. x 4 ft.

529-001D4     Viburnum plicatum 'Shasta'     ( Doublefile Viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Viburnum plicatum 'Shasta' are often used in public plantings. We admire their delicate lace-cap blooms in spring; the way they stand up to the heat in summer; the red fruit of late summer and the gradual change of the foliage in the autumn.  Spring. bloom   6 ft. x 8 ft.

529-055-1     Viburnum plicatum tomentosum 'Lanarth'     ( Doublelfile viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
(Dave and Dorothy Rodal allowed us to cut this viburnum in their garden.) Viburnum plicatum tomentosum 'Lanarth' was raised as a seedling in the garden of P.D. Williams of Lanarth, Cornwall, England before 1930. What makes this particular form so useful is that it is basically sterile, producing very few fruits. Gardeners still get the beautiful double rows of floral-heads along the tiered branches in the spring, and they still get the reddish fall color in the leaves. They do not feed the birds, but they also do not get unwanted seedlings. The lace-cap inflorescences are very showy with individual sterile florets up to 2 inches across. This is a large, showy shrub that has stood the test of time.  Mid to late May. bloom   10 ft. x 10 ft.

529-042D4     Viburnum propinquum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Greenish White flowers
China, Taiwan, Phillipines. This is a recent acquisition to our gardens. Many of our customers ask for evergreen shrubs which they can use to create backdrops for their herbaceous borders. We are happy to add this to our growing list of evergreen shrubs. Its glossy lance-shaped leaves reflect light even in a partly shaded area. The new leaves of Viburnum propinquum have an attractive bronze gloss before they turn dark green. The leaf petioles are purple and complement the shrub. In the spring, the pale flowers lend their subtle charm. They are followed in summer by rounded dark fruits. Although the literature states that this shrub can get quite large, anecdotal evidence suggests that in most gardens it remains more in the three- to five-foot range in height.  Late spring. bloom   10 ft. x 6 ft.

529-042-1     Viburnum propinquum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Greenish White flowers
China, Taiwan, Phillipines. This is a recent acquisition to our gardens. Many of our customers ask for evergreen shrubs which they can use to create backdrops for their herbaceous borders. We are happy to add this to our growing list of evergreen shrubs. Its glossy lance-shaped leaves reflect light even in a partly shaded area. The new leaves of Viburnum propinquum have an attractive bronze gloss before they turn dark green. The leaf petioles are purple and complement the shrub. In the spring, the pale flowers lend their subtle charm. They are followed in summer by rounded dark fruits. Although the literature states that this shrub can get quite large, anecdotal evidence suggests that in most gardens it remains more in the three- to five-foot range in height.  Late spring. bloom   10 ft. x 6 ft.

529-049D4     Viburnum sargentii 'Chiquita'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (4), 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We have several selections of Viburnum sargentii in our garden and have always enjoyed their long season of interest, but most especially in the fall when their leaves turn bright colors in contrast with their brilliant red fruit. Viburnum sargentii 'Chiquita' is more compact than the selections we have grown to date making it more useful, perhaps, in the smaller urban garden. Its leaves are maple-like and its flower-heads are reminiscent of lace-cap hydrangeas. Selected by Jerry Draeger of McKay Nursery in Waterloo, Wisconsin, it is a shrub that can handle the cold but is equally at home in the milder Pacific Northwest.  Mid to late May. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

529-049-1     Viburnum sargentii 'Chiquita'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (4), 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
We have several selections of Viburnum sargentii in our garden and have always enjoyed their long season of interest, but most especially in the fall when their leaves turn bright colors in contrast with their brilliant red fruit. Viburnum sargentii 'Chiquita' is more compact than the selections we have grown to date making it more useful, perhaps, in the smaller urban garden. Its leaves are maple-like and its flower-heads are reminiscent of lace-cap hydrangeas. Selected by Jerry Draeger of McKay Nursery in Waterloo, Wisconsin, it is a shrub that can handle the cold but is equally at home in the milder Pacific Northwest.  Mid to late May. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

529-052-1     Viburnum sargentii 'Flavum'     ( Sargent's viburnum )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
NE Asia. This large, upright shrub is a beautiful sight in the spring when it is covered in 3- to 4-inch cymes of lace-cap flowers. Later in the summer, the reason for its cultivar name becomes apparent as the fruits begin to color. They are rich yellow and persist on the shrub well into the autumn as the medium green leaves turn shades of yellow, bronze and orange. Individual leaves are three-lobed with a longer central lobe.  Mid to late May. bloom   10-14 ft. x 11-15 ft.

529-006D4     Viburnum sargentii 'Onandaga'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
A spectacular specimen of Viburnum 'Onandaga' grows on the hillside beneath our Clematis Stockfield. Upright and rounded in habit, this viburnum slowly grows into a small tree. Its deciduous foliage is blushed maroon as it emerges and then changes to green. The contrast between the young and maturing foliage is very dramatic. In the autumn the foliage once again undergoes a dramatic transformation as it turns to deep red. The flower buds also are maroon. They open to white six-petalled flowers that are arranged in a fashion similar to a lace-cap hydrangea flower. In the autumn, luminous scarlet fruits contrast with the rich red of the leaves. This winning shrub is the result of the hybrid selections of Dr. Donald Egolf at our US National Arboretum. It was introduced to the public in 1966 and has been in the nursery trade ever since.  Late spring. bloom   10 ft. x 6 ft.

529-006-1     Viburnum sargentii 'Onandaga'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
A spectacular specimen of Viburnum 'Onandaga' grows on the hillside beneath our Clematis Stockfield. Upright and rounded in habit, this viburnum slowly grows into a small tree. Its deciduous foliage is blushed maroon as it emerges and then changes to green. The contrast between the young and maturing foliage is very dramatic. In the autumn the foliage once again undergoes a dramatic transformation as it turns to deep red. The flower buds also are maroon. They open to white six-petalled flowers that are arranged in a fashion similar to a lace-cap hydrangea flower. In the autumn, luminous scarlet fruits contrast with the rich red of the leaves. This winning shrub is the result of the hybrid selections of Dr. Donald Egolf at our US National Arboretum. It was introduced to the public in 1966 and has been in the nursery trade ever since.  Late spring. bloom   10 ft. x 6 ft.

529-007D4     Viburnum sargentii 'Susquehanna'     ( Sargent cranberry bush )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Japan. Introduced by the National Arboretum in 1966, this large shrub remains a garden favorite. The flat, lace-cap flowers are similar to those of lace-cap hydrangeas with tiny, fertile flowers in the center surrounded by larger sterile flowers. The large, green, maple-like leaves turn astonishing shades of yellow and red in the autumn offering an exciting contrast with the scarlet fruits. Because of its size, Viburnum sargentii `Susquehana is easily shaped into a small tree by removing lower branches.  Spring. bloom   Up to 15 ft. x 10 ft.

529-007-1     Viburnum sargentii 'Susquehanna'     ( Sargent cranberry bush )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Japan. Introduced by the National Arboretum in 1966, this large shrub remains a garden favorite. The flat, lace-cap flowers are similar to those of lace-cap hydrangeas with tiny, fertile flowers in the center surrounded by larger sterile flowers. The large, green, maple-like leaves turn astonishing shades of yellow and red in the autumn offering an exciting contrast with the scarlet fruits. Because of its size, Viburnum sargentii `Susquehana is easily shaped into a small tree by removing lower branches.  Spring. bloom   Up to 15 ft. x 10 ft.

529-013D4     Viburnum tinus 'Spring Bouquet'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White/Pink flowers
In a mild climate, this upright, evergreen shrub would bloom much of the winter into the spring. As the name suggests, however, for us it offers its fragrant flowers in early spring. Pink buds open to reveal clusters of white to pale pink flowers. Later in the season, metalic blue fruits develop. Often both flowers and fruits can be found at the same time, making for an attractive vignette. Viburnum tinus `Spring Bouquet' is sensitive to cold drying winds, so plant it where it will be sheltered during the winter.  Fall to early spring. bloom   6 ft. x 3 ft.

529-027D4     Viburnum tinus 'Variegatum'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The species is commonly called laurustinus because of the resemblance of the foliage to laurel leaves. This variegated form has glossy evergreen foliage attractively, if irregularly, margined in creamy yellow. Sometimes the central green area has gray green or pale green patches. The early spring buds of Viburnum tinus 'Variegatum' are reddish opening to fragrant white flowers.  Late winter and spring. bloom   7-8 ft. x 5 ft.

737-001D4     Vitex agnus-castus       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Violet Blue flowers
This wonderful fragrant shrub (or small tree) can be treated as a Buddleia and cut back after frost to maintain its size, however, it is quite slow growing so think before you chop. Vitex agnus-castus has narrow gray green foliage and fragrant panicles of violet blue flowers.  Late summer. bloom   25 ft.

737-001-1     Vitex agnus-castus       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Violet Blue flowers
This wonderful fragrant shrub (or small tree) can be treated as a Buddleia and cut back after frost to maintain its size, however, it is quite slow growing so think before you chop. Vitex agnus-castus has narrow gray green foliage and fragrant panicles of violet blue flowers.  Late summer. bloom   25 ft.

737-002D4     Vitex agnus-castus 'Blushing Spires'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Soft Pink flowers
This selection has terminal panicles of soft pink. Vitex agnus-castus 'Blushing Spires' is a very lovely addition to the mixed border.  Late summer. bloom   10-12 ft. x 6 ft.

737-003D4     Vitex agnus-castus 'Silver Spires'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
The terminal white flower spikes echo the silvery undersides of the palmate leaves of this selection. Copper highlights in the young foliage of Vitex agnus-castus 'Silver Spires' add early interest.  Late summer. bloom   10-12 ft. x 6 ft.

720-001D4     Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
This wonderful ornamental grape grows on a pillar in our retail area near a Humulus 'Aureus'. The six-inch leaves start out gray green but gradually turn plum, then dark purple. Tucked in among the leaves are tight clusters of almost black grapes. Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' has very beautiful crimson fall color. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Early summer. bloom   22 ft.

544-010D4     Weigela florida 'Briant Rubidor'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Red flowers
It's hard to keep your eyes off of this shrub in the spring. The foliage is intensely gold throughout the season, but in spring when the red buds give way to hot ruby trumpet-shaped flowers, Weigela florida 'Briant Rubidor' is truly irresistible.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

544-005D4     Weigela florida 'Foliis Purpureis'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Amazing bronze green foliage with carmine red buds opening to pink flowers. Weigela florida 'Foliis Purpureis' ('Java Red') is somewhat dwarf.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   4 ft. x 5 ft.

544-006D4     Weigela florida 'Minuet'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Rosy Pink flowers
A dwarf mounded shrub with purple tinged foliage, Weigela florida 'Minuet' bears a profusion of rosy pink blooms.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   4 ft. x 5 ft.

544-009-1     Weigela florida 'Pink Princess'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac Pink flowers
Weigela florida 'Pink Princess' is a tall form developed at Iowa State University that has lilac pink flowers.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   5-6 ft. x 4-5 ft.

544-007D4     Weigela florida 'Red Prince'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Rich Red flowers
Weigela florida `Red Prince' is a mid-sized shrub with rich red flowers. This form has more upright stems. Repeats bloom.  Early summer to early fall. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

544-001D4     Weigela florida 'Variegata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Deep Rose flowers
Weigela florida 'Variegata' is compact and has beautiful foliage. The leaves have yellow to cream colored margins around gray green centers. When the rose colored flowers appear the bees and hummingbirds visit. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late spring and early summer. bloom   4-6 ft. x 4-6 ft.

544-003D4     Weigela middendorffiana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, Pale Yellow flowers
We grow Weigela middendorffiana along the Fuchsia Path tucked in among rhododendrons and fuchsias where it flourishes in the dappled shade. The upright branches are topped with clusters of pale yellow bell shaped flowers.  June to July. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

544-012D4     Weigela 'Snowflake'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Bell-shaped flowers are borne in profusion on the previous year's growth of this mid-sized shrub. These flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and other pollinators. We grow Weigela 'Snowflake' ('Bristol Snowflake') in a sun-dappled woodland garden where the pale flowers are very effective. With adequate moisture during the summer, we sometimes experience a repeat bloom on new wood.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   4 ft. x 5 ft.

931-002D4     Westringea fruticosa 'Variegata'     ( Australian rosemary )     
Sun     Zones 9, 10, 11 White flowers
New South Wales. We were unable to resist this shrub when we found it in a California nursery even though we knew it would not be reliably hardy for us. We have managed to keep it alive and well in unheated hoop houses for many years. The common name Australian rosemary suits it well. The narrow blue green leaves are one-eighth-inch wide and margined in creamy white, an attractive combination. Westringea fruticosa is drought-tolerant and also does well at the coast. Unfortunately, it can only be grown out-of-doors in frost-free gardens.  Spring. bloom   3-5 ft. x 3 ft.

360-009D4     Yucca 'Color Guard'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
This variegated Yucca has been a brilliant addition to our borders. The clean yellow stripe down the middle of the dark evergreen ribbon-like foliage blushes pink in the winter giving it a festive appearance. As the heat comes on, it returns to yellow. By late summer, Yucca 'Color Guard' sports a yard-high spike of cream-white flowers that steals the show. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

360-009-1     Yucca 'Color Guard'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Cream flowers
This variegated Yucca has been a brilliant addition to our borders. The clean yellow stripe down the middle of the dark evergreen ribbon-like foliage blushes pink in the winter giving it a festive appearance. As the heat comes on, it returns to yellow. By late summer, Yucca 'Color Guard' sports a yard-high spike of cream-white flowers that steals the show. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   24 in. x 36 in.

360-006D4     Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Cream flowers
This clump forming perennial is dazzling in the winter garden where the broad yellow margins of the long blades seem even more gold than in the summer when the focus is on the 30-inch spikes of large, creamy, bell-shaped flowers. We grow it in the Texture Garden, but Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge' is a lovely subject for a large container as well. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   30 in. x 25 in.

360-006-1     Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Cream flowers
This clump forming perennial is dazzling in the winter garden where the broad yellow margins of the long blades seem even more gold than in the summer when the focus is on the 30-inch spikes of large, creamy, bell-shaped flowers. We grow it in the Texture Garden, but Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge' is a lovely subject for a large container as well. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   30 in. x 25 in.

360-005D4     Yucca filamentosa 'Garland Gold'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The thick, broad sword-shaped leaves of Yucca filamentosa 'Garland Gold' have golden centers broadly outlined in dark green. This is especially beautiful in winter when the evergreen foliage blushes pink in the cold weather. Tall spikes of creamy white bell-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

360-005-1     Yucca filamentosa 'Garland Gold'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
The thick, broad sword-shaped leaves of Yucca filamentosa 'Garland Gold' have golden centers broadly outlined in dark green. This is especially beautiful in winter when the evergreen foliage blushes pink in the cold weather. Tall spikes of creamy white bell-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

360-016D4     Yucca whipplei       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
SW N. America. We have been growing yucca in our rock gardens for many years along with other rain-proof dessert agaves and dasylirion. Yucca whipplei has always appealed to us because of its slender, toothed, gray green foliage. Over time this can become a lovely specimen. Perhaps some year we will be treated to a towering bloom spike dangling with bell-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 4 ft.

629-005D4     Zantedeschia albomaculata     ( Calla lily )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 White flowers
Zantedeschia albomaculata was the first Calla lily that we grew in our garden and after all these years it still delights us. Its large 18-inch dark leaves are spotted white, which is what its latinate name describes. In the wild in South and eastern Africa it is found in both marshy ground and in rocky of grassy mountain meadows. The plant is obviously adaptable. In summer, 5-inch white spathes open to reveal yellow finger-like spadices. We make sure that the plant is watered regularly during our dry summers.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   24-36 in. x 18-24 in.

629-003D4     Zantedeschia 'Flame'     ( Calla lily )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow and Red flowers
We have grown this Calla lily in our Rose and Clematis border for more than a decade. It has flourished there creating a lovely pool of flowers to compliment the dark purple clematis and coral roses overhead. Zantedeschia 'Flame' is an appropriate name for the spathe-shaped flowers which open yellow with orange red markings and gradually turn darker red as they mature. The flowers rise from the midst of arrow-shaped leaves that are spotted in white.  Early to midsummer. bloom   18-30 in. x 24 in.

629-014D4     Zantedeschia 'Millenium Gold'     ( Calla lily )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Zantedeschia 'Millenium Gold' was formerly named 'Yellow Mammoth'. While the new name sounds more felicitous, the old name seems more descriptive of the size and color of the flowers. The showy spathes, cone-shaped like hand-fashioned ice-cream cones with the upper corner turned down, are quite large. In their centers arise finger-like spadices in a matching shade of yellow. The large flowers are set off by the surrounding mid-green, arrow-shaped leaves that are spotted with white.  Early to midsummer. bloom   20-24 in. x 24 in.

248-015     Zauschneria 'Bowman's Hybrid'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Scarlet Orange flowers
Zauschneria 'Bowman's Hybrid' is distinctly upright with narrow gray green foliage that heightens the intensity of the orange tubular flowers. Hummingbirds and bees love it. Likes good drainage and lots of sun.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   2ft. x 2 ft.

248-002     Zauschneria californica     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Orange Scarlet flowers
Zauschneria californica is a ground covering, woody perennial with brilliant flowers for late season dazzle. This anchors our Point Garden. Like other Zauschneria it attracts the hummingbirds and bees.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   1 ft. x 20 in.

248-013     Zauschneria californica 'Cloverdale'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Scarlet Orange flowers
Zauschneria californica 'Cloverdale' was collected along the Russian River in 1982 near the California town that gave it its name. We first saw this at Rancho Santa Ana in Claremont, CA and were impressed with its vigor and overall habit. Bart O'Brien who wrote an article for Pacific Horticulture reviewing the Zauschneria trials conducted at Rancho Santa Ana, mentions that this is one of the best of the plants in the trial. The broad foliage is covered with tiny silvery hairs that make it feel soft and almost moist to the touch. The brilliant flowers are wide-mouthed, very showy and attractive to hummingbirds. This is an excellent addition for use in the dry border for late season interest.  Mid-summer to autumn. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

248-014     Zauschneria californica 'Everett's Choice'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Scarlet Orange flowers
The gray green foliage on Zauschneria californica 'Everett's Choice', a herbaceous perennial, is softly haired. This spills out of our beds in August when the unbelievable bright scarlet-orange tubular flowers put on their show for the hummingbirds and us mere mortals. Excellent for late summer color.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   6 in. x 2 ft.

248-006     Zauschneria californica 'Solidarity Pink'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Soft Pink flowers
Most gardeners plant California fuchsia for their showy orange to scarlet flowers. This selection, however, adds an unexpected color to the flowers of this spreading, herbaceous perennial. We grow Zauschneria californica 'Solidarity Pink' in a no-water border where its pale flowers work well with companions Aster 'Purple Dome' and Pennisetum aleupecuroides 'Hameln'. We have underplanted 'Solidarity Pink' with small early spring bulbs which will take center stage when the plant is dormant in the spring.  Summer to autumn. bloom   12 in. x 20 in.

248-022     Zauschneria 'Callistoga'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Scarlet flowers
Because Zauschneria x 'Callistoga' is prostrate in habit, it makes a good herbaceous ground cover, especially for a hillside or on a wall. The rounded, slightly bluish green leaves are soft to the touch. They are a nice complement to the brilliance of the scarlet, tubular flowers. As with other Zauschneria, both insect pollinators and hummingbirds rate this as a favorite plant.  August to October. bloom   14 in. x 30 in.

248-009     Zauschneria cana ssp. latifolia     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Orange flowers
Zauschneria cana ssp. latifolia is a spreading non-woody perennial with finely haired gray-green foliage. It is a cascade of orange tubular flowers for our autumn hummingbirds.  July to frost. bloom   6 in. x 2 ft.

248-020     Zauschneria 'Carmen's Gray'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones (7)8-10 Red Orange flowers
Dense stems with narrow blue green foliage characterize this woody based California fuchsia Zauschneria 'Carmen's Gray' (Epilobium). When contrasted with its dazzling fiery flowers it is quite a sight to behold. We grow all of our Califonia fuchsias in dry well-drained or rain-only borders. Definitely a favorite of the hummingbirds.  Late July to autumn. bloom   20 in. x 30 in.

248-023     Zauschneria 'El Tigre'     ( California Fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Bright Scarlet flowers
The literature indicates that Zauschneria 'El Tigre' was found near the top of El Tigre Peak on Santa Cruz Island, California, where it forms low-spreading, silvery mats. However, in our moist winters, this grows upright. The narrow, blue-green leaves are a perfect backdrop for the brilliant tubular flowers that form at the terminals of both the main and axillary stems. The hummingbirds delight in this late summer treat.  August to October. bloom   2 ft. x 4 ft.

248-007     Zauschneria garrettii     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Red Orange flowers
Zauschneria garettii is a beautiful low scrambling shrub with bluish green leaves and long tubular red-orange flowers that perfectly complement the foliage.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   12 in. x 20 in.

248-021     Zauschneria garrettii 'Orange Carpet'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Scarlet Orange flowers
Zauschneria garettii `Orange Carpet' is a herbaceous, ground covering perennial that is outstanding on a dry hillside or spilling over a hot wall. The soft green leaves are somewhat hairy to the touch. Masses of scarlet, tubular flowers continue until the autumn. This is rhizomatous but is not difficult to control.  July to October. bloom   12 in. x 36 in.

248-016     Zauschneria 'Silver Select'     ( California fuchsia )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Orange flowers
Shrubby and silver-leaved, Zauschneria californica `Silver Select' is another treat for the hummingbirds. Our friends at XERA Plants received this as a Z. californica form but they suspect it is really a Z. cana one.  Late summer to fall. bloom   6 in. x 2 ft.


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