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Plant Reference List - S
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305-001-1     Saccharum ravennae     ( Ravenna Grass )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
WITHDRAWN This plant has been declared a noxious weed in at least nine (9) states as of 3/24/2015. It has self seeded in riparian areas and has become problematic in a broad number of places such as the Grand Canyon, most western states and areas of Pennsylvania. We grow Saccharum (Erianthus) ravennae in the Dry Border and the Point Garden where the drier conditions keep this grass upright. It is hard to believe that the early mound of broad bladed grass will send magnificent burgundy stems soaring sky-high by late summer. A superb centerpiece for a large border.  Late summer. bloom   12 ft.

304-012D4     Salix alba 'Britzensis'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
We cut Salix alba 'Britzensis' back hard at the end of winter to keep it in scale with the gardens. That way we can enjoy the brilliant orange-red new stems during the coming winter. This is a male clone.    50 ft. x 25 ft.

304-014D4     Salix babylonica 'Crispa'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Salix babylonica 'Crispa' is upright of habit, slow growing, and might seem ordinary but for the playful, curiously twisted, mid-green leaves. Great in arrangements.    40 ft. x 30 ft.

304-009D4     Salix elaeagnos       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
We grow Salix elaeagnos in our hillside arboretum in full baking sun with little water. It forms a large shrub about 10 feet high with narrow blue gray leaves that have white haired reverses. It is densely branched with purple brown stems. Leaves turn yellow in the fall.    10 ft. x 15 ft.

304-019D4     Salix elaeagnos ssp. angustifolia     ( Rosemary willow )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Visitors always want to know the name of this elegant, billowy large shrub. The narrow 5- to 6-inch leaves are dark green on top and silver underneath, but the shrub's overall effect is not dark. Because the alternating leaves are well-spaced and are angled upward, Salix elaeagnos ssp. angustifolia appears very airy and silvery. This is especially true when there is a breeze. We have been told that this used to be planted by ponds so that viewers would see the reflection of the silver undersides of the leaves. In the autumn, the leaves turn yellow. The arching bare branches are attractive in sillouette in the winter garden. Some gardeners prefer to downsize this willow in the winter; others choose to allow it to keep its statuesque form. The botanical name refers to the fact that the leaves resemble those of the olive (elaeagnos) and are narrow and pointed (angustifolia).  Spring. bloom   10 ft. x 15 ft.

304-002D4     Salix 'Flame'     ( Flame Willow )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Salix 'Flame' is a large shrub or small tree. In autumn, the thin willow leaves glow a vibrant yellow against the fiery orange stems. The stems remain flame-colored all winter. Best cut back in the spring.    20 ft.

304-011D4     Salix gracilistyla 'Melanostachys'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Black Catkin flowers
Only early season customers get to see Salix gracilistyla 'Melanostachys' in all its glory when the black catkins emerge. A close look reveals purple red highlights in the black and orange yellow anthers. The mid-green leaves also deserve a closer look when they emerge a little later. Their upper surfaces are shiny and they have downy undersides.  Early to midspring. bloom   10 ft. x 12 ft.

304-005D4     Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8
Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' is a loosely branched shrub with bright pink shoots which open to mottled cream-and-green variegated leaves. A real showstopper in our gardens, especially at dusk in the summer. Best cut back in the spring. Red stems in winter. The Japanese name refers to the brocade coloring of the leaves.    6 ft.

304-017D4     Salix irrorata       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Salix irrorata was given to us by the Elizabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden which received it from the late Rosemary Verey. This willow forms an upright shrub with narrow green leaves that have glaucous reverses. Marvelous in winter when a white powder frosts the purplish stems. Catkins appear in early to midspring.  Catkins from early to midspring. bloom   10 ft. x 15 ft.

304-007D4     Salix lapponum     ( Lapland willow. )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Salix lapponum is a small, densely branched, gray-leafed shrub. Silky catkins in April and May. Ideal for a small garden.    5 ft.

304-008     Salix lindleyana       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Ruby Catkin flowers
Salix lindleyana is a tight, slow growing mat former that is perfect for a rock garden. Protect from overwhelming neighbors. Brilliant, tiny ruby catkins in spring. From the Himalayas.    Under 6 in. x 24 in.

304-004D4     Salix magnifica       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Salix magnifica becomes a stunning small tree with 8-inch catkins in spring. The large gray green leaves are glaucous beneath and veined red.    18 ft.

304-003D4     Salix nakamurana yezo alpina     ( Creeping Alipine Willow )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The spring foliage of Salix nakamurana yezo alpina is a thickly felted silver-green with one-inch catkins. In fall, the leaves turn intensely yellow. This is dramatic, slow spreading ground cover for an area with regular water. Also useful as a speciman in a large container where it can grow down over the side. The non-linear habit of the branches forms an interesting tracery in the winter. A Great Plant Picks selection.    6-8 in. x 3 ft.

304-010D4     Salix purpurea     ( Artic Willow )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Salix purpurea is a stunning shrub for the border. The slender gray green leaves contrast well with perennials. In winter the purple stems are outstanding. Cut back to the ground in early spring to retain willowy effect.    15 ft.

304-001D4     Salix purpurea 'Canyon Blue'     ( Artic Willow )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Salix purpurea 'Canyon Blue' is a dwarf form of the Artic Willow. Beautiful glaucous blue foliage compliments wiry mahogany stems that appearto be powdered white.    4 ft. x 4 ft.

304-015D4     Salix repens var. argentea       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Creeping willow. Salix repens var. argentea was given to us by the Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden. This low shrub displays short silvery green leaves with the growing season. Stems are upright when young and arch as they mature.    3 ft. x 6 ft.

071-052     Salvia aff. chiapensis       
Sun     Zones 9, 10 Fuchsia flowers
For us Salvia aff. chiapensis is tender but the autumn bloom makes this definitely worth the extra care we have to give it. The shiny, deeply veined leaves are lightly bronzed, as are the stems. In September, this develops bloom spikes with whorls of inch-long, two-lipped flowers that look as if they were made of fuchsia-colored velvet. These flowers are set in dark calyces.  Autumn. bloom   1.5-2 ft. x 1.5-2 ft.

071-039D4     Salvia arizonica       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (6), 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
No matter when we visit Salvia arizonica during the growing season, it seems to be in bloom. The small size of the flowers is more than compensated for by the number of them. This forms a tough, brittle-stemmed shrublet that is very airy in appearance. Over the years that we have grown it, it has crept to a fairly large size, but that is what has kept new stems emerging that continue to bloom. Don't forget to water this from time to time during extra hot periods.  Summer to autumn. bloom   20 in. x 30 in.

071-112D4     Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 True Blue flowers
In October, drivers stop their cars as they enter the drive along our Dry Border in order to identify this blue dazzler. The flowers of Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri are large on this woody-based perennial with linear gray foliage. Ideal to carry on color late into the year.  Fall. bloom   3-5 ft. x 2-3 ft.

071-041D4     Salvia chamaedryiodes     ( Germander sage )     
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Blue flowers
From Mexico. This evergreen perennial is not always winter hardy for us but it is so beautiful in bloom that we replace it when it is lost. It spreads to form colonies by underground roots and so needs a good root run. The silvery gray foliage of Salvia chamaecryiodes is a great foil for the decidedly blue flowers in summer. Pruning spent bloom spikes encourages new plant growth and continued flowering.  Summer. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

071-156D4     Salvia chamelaeagnea       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Violet Blue flowers
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. In its first year this shrubby salvia grew more than three feet tall and wide and bloomed most of the summer. Once established it will get a bit taller and wider. Hooded flowers with pale lips and purple blue hoods are stacked up the stems in compact inflorescences. The persistent calyces are purple. The foliage is very attractive, spoon-shaped and has good substance. Some leaves of Salvia chamelaeagnea have toothed margins, others have smooth and wavy ones.  Midsummer to autumn. bloom   36 in. x 36 in.

071-137D4     Salvia 'Christine Yeo'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Bright Blue Purple flowers
Salvia 'Christine Yeo' is a generous bloomer whose brilliant flowers play off of the silvers and browning grasses in our no-water border. This has died to the ground in the winter but always emerges in the spring. The small, mint-like leaves are lightly aromatic. Red and blue highlights play across the rich purple color of the flowers. Each has a distinct white spot at the interior entry of its tube.  Summer to autumn. bloom   24 in. x 30 in.

071-071-1     Salvia confertiflora       
Sun     Zones 9, 10 Red Orange flowers
Thanks are due to Bill Fletcher, our Portland area grower and guru of all things Salvia. He has made his collection of both hardy and non-hardy Salvias available to us. Salvia confertiflora is one of the more striking plants in his garden and even though it is not hardy for us in the Northwest, it is hardy in Coastal and Southern California and along the Gulf Coast. We must lift it and protect it or take cuttings in order to insure we have this plant for late season interest. The large, dark green leaves are rugose and very textural as they develop. At the end of August, foot-long or better infloresences are held high on stately stems. Individual flowers are small but they spiral up the stem in an impresssive number which is what the specific name of the plant indicates - "covered with flowers." The flowers in turn are covered with small reddish brown hairs.  Late summer to frost. bloom   4-6 ft. x 4 ft.

071-170D4     Salvia curviflora       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10, 11 Magenta and Wine flowers
Mexico. The flowers of Salvia curviflora are well-visited by the local hummingbirds who frequent our retail yard. No wonder. The shape of those flowers seems made for their long bills. Those flowers are 1 1/2 inches in length with the upper lip extending well over the lower lip. Because of the fine hairs on the their exteriors, the flowers look like they are made of velvet. Terminal flowering stems measure up to 10 inches in length and these are followed by flowers on lower, axillary stems. The leaves are dark green and well-veined. They take on bronze highlights as they age.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

071-085D4     Salvia darcyi (oresbia)       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Red flowers
From the Mexican Sierra Madre Oriental. We acquired Salvia darcyi the San Antonio Botanical Garden many years ago. The triangular foliage is light green with a sweet pungency. The dazzling 1.5-inch vermilion flowers carry on for a surprisingly long time.  Midsummer to first frost. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

071-032D4     Salvia discolor       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Black flowers
Alas, this is not winter hardy for us. We grow this Peruvian perennial because we can not resist its woolly silver foliage and the surprising black flowers that appear from beneath the leaves. Fortunately, we can easily protect it and enjoy its beauty throughout the growing season. Salvia discolor forms a nice erect shrub.  Summer to autumn. bloom   18 in. x 12 in.

071-117D4     Salvia elegans       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 Scarlet flowers
Mexico. Salvia elegans blooms so late in the season that customers rarely see it in its glory here. Given a truly warm and sheltered spot, this will bloom throughout the fall. However, gardeners and hummingbirds in warmer climates will enjoy the tubular flowers all winter. The soft somewhat wavy, triangular leaves are scented of pineapple and so this is sometimes called 'Pineapple Sage'.  Autumn. bloom   6 ft. x 3 ft.

071-031D4     Salvia elegans 'Frieda Dixon'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Watermelon-Pink flowers
The narrow, well-veined foliage of Salvia elegans 'Frieda Dixon' is lightly hairy to the touch, but touching it releases the fragrance of ripe pineapple. In the autumn, terminal clusters of reddish-pink buds open to two-lipped flowers of peachy red. An herbaceous perennial that is upright in habit.  August to October. bloom   3-4 ft. x 3 ft.

071-158D4     Salvia elegans 'Scarlet Tangerine'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Red flowers
This deliciously scented perennial is somewhat tender for us, but, given good drainage and a sheltered, sunny spot, it returns year after year. The heart-shaped leaves are lightly woolly to the touch. When rubbed they release a pungent fruity aroma that perfumes the air. Dark purple stems bring their color up into the margins of the leaves and often stain the base of the leaves as well. Flowers are arranged in loose whorls up the top five to six inches of slightly arching stems. The inch-and-a-half-long flowers are brilliant in color. Their narrow tubular shape with the upper lobe extending over the lower lobe indicates they are definitely attractive to humming birds.  Midsummer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

071-129D4     Salvia greggii 'Nuevo Leon'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10, 11 Dark Violet flowers
Not all of the Salvia greggii selections available in the nursery trade are winter hardy for gardeners in the Pacific Northwest. Salvia greggii 'Nuevo Leon' has proven to be so for us. Its slightly glossy, narrow leaves make it attractive throughout most of the growing season. From summer through the autumn it carries terminal racemes of small open-mouthed flowers. After the flowers fall, attractive purple-tipped calyces remain to carry on the show. Flowering stems are often stained slate-colored. We recommend that gardeners refrain from trimming the plant back until new growth has appeared in the spring. Cutting back too early often results in the demise of this little shrub.  Summer to autumn. bloom   2-4 ft. x 2 ft.

071-092D4     Salvia guaranitica 'Argentine Skies'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Sky Blue flowers
Salvia guaranitica 'Argentine Skies' (Charles Cresson, 1990) is less tall and vigorous than the species. This long blooming perennial rewards us with its anise scented foliage and its spikes of sky blue.  Summer to frost. bloom   4 ft. x 18 in.

071-113D4     Salvia guaranitica 'Black & Blue'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Blue flowers
cistus gardinaus  Late summer to fall. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

071-172-1     Salvia hierosolymitana       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Rose to Wine flowers
Found in various locations throughout the Mediterranean, Salvia hierosolymitana has broad, ribbed, evergreen leaves that form a large basal rosette. The flowering stems rise two feet in height with the upper foot forming the inflorescence. Rose to wine colored flowers on mahogany petioles whorl up the stem in an airy fashion. Individual flowers have a constricted upper lip and a paler lower lip. The leaves lack the spicy smell of most salvias. In our research, we discovered that the specific name refers to "royal, sacred Jerusalem" which is one of the sites where it grows.  June, July. bloom   30 in. x 30 in.

071-088D4     Salvia 'Indigo Spires'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Purple Blue flowers
Every year we look forward to seeing Salvia 'Indigo Spires'. Some years it makes it through our winter; some it does not, and we must replant. This sterile hybrid was found by John MacGregor, a horticulturist at the Huntington Botanical Gardens, and was introduced to the trade in 1979. The large shiny leaves are lightly charcoaled along their edges emphasizing the dense whorls of dark flowers set in very dark purple calyces.  Summer to frost. bloom   4 ft. x 4 ft.

071-053-1     Salvia iodantha       
Sun     Zone 8, 9, 10, 11 Red Purple flowers
Mountains of Central Mexico. We thank Bill Fletcher for allowing us to cut this beautiful Salvia in his garden. Salvia iodantha is borderline hardy for us and is able to withstand temperatures into the 20's. In order to get the full benefit of its autumn bloom, however, make sure to grow it in full sun in a sheltered area with good drainage. In addition, this salvia needs regular watering. The tubular flowers have a pouch-like tip that is lightly hairy and appears velvety. They emerge from a cone-like assembly with up to twelve flowers per infloresence. That is a lot of flower power. The leaves are ovate in shape and purple on their reverses with a purple influence on top. Besty Clebsch in A Book of Salvias notes that in mild areas Salvia iodantha can reach 10 feet in height and is often scandant.  Autumn to winter. bloom   5-6 ft. x 5 ft.

071-074D4     Salvia jamensis 'Sierra San Antonio'       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9, 10 Peach/Yellow flowers
Salvia x jamensis 'Sierra San Antonio' is a cross between Salvia microphylla and Salvia greggii. Compact shrub which stays more or less evergreen for us and blooms and blooms seemingly non-stop. We grow it in the dry border.  Summer to frost. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

071-023D4     Salvia microphylla       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Red flowers
We grow Salvia microphylla (grahamii) for its very long bloom period (sometimes into December) and its small crisp dark green foliage which is highly aromatic.  Summer to frost. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

071-100D4     Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 White/Red flowers
We thank the J.C. Raulston Arboretum for the gift of this vivid evergreen shrublet. The matte green foliage of Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips' is highly aromatic. But it is the numerous flowers that leave a lasting impression. The pure white flowers look as if their broad lower lips have been dipped in brilliant red. Although they are small, they are numerous and when viewed together create a confetti-like effect.  Summer to fall. bloom   2-.2.5 ft. x 3 ft.

071-114     Salvia nemerosa 'Caradonna'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Violet-Purple flowers
Salvia nemerosa 'Caradonna' is a German selection chosen for its long period of bloom and its excellent rich violet-purple flowers. This makes it a good candidate for containers as well as the border. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Summer to autumn. bloom   24-30 in. x 24 in.

071-118D4     Salvia nemerosa 'Pusztaflamme'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red Purple flowers
From experience we have learned to grow this in full sun with sharp drainage. In fact we now grow it in a no-water border. The reason for this is because of its double-flowers which seem to add extra weight to the plant especially if it is grown with too much fertility and water. In those cases, the flower stems of Salvia n. `Pusztaflamme' are floppy and the flowers often end up on the ground. When grown in the no-water border, this sage is amazing. The red purple flowers which remind us of amaranth flowers are both attractive and unusual. They suit the rugged, wrinkled look of the lance-shaped gray green leaves.  Summer to autumn. bloom   10 in. x 15 in.

071-095D4     Salvia nipponica 'Fuji Snow'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Soft Yellow flowers
Although many of us think of Salvias as sunny border plants, there are many species that prefer a somewhat shaded situation. This is true of Salvia nipponica 'Fuji Snow' which is a woodland plant preferring moist, well-draining soil. This cultivar is known for its dramatic arrowhead-shaped leaves which are irregularly white-variegated along their margins. These are truly eye-catching in a shaded border. From late summer through early autumn, six-inch spikes of soft yellow flowers rise above the foliage to add late-season interest.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   12 in. x 18 in.

071-135D4     Salvia nubicola       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
We suspect that our seed came originally from an expedition to northern India. The arrow-shaped leaves of Salvia nubicola are handsomely rugged and lightly hairy to the touch. There is some purple venation in the area where the stem enters the leaf. The pale flowers have maroon markings in their upper lips and appear in whorls up elongated stems.  Summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

071-065D4     Salvia officinalis     ( Common sage )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lilac flowers
We grow this along the wrought-iron fence next to our driveway. Over the years the number of solar hours it receives has lessened, yet it still rewards us with its tall spikes of flowers and its evergreen leaves. This form of Salvia officinalis is especially good for flavoring and we are always pleased when we can combine the ornamental with the culinary in our garden.  Early to midsummer. bloom   30 in. x 36 in.

071-084     Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lilac-blue flowers
Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' produce large, rounded gray green leaves that make this a fine culinary sage. It produces fewer flowers than other sage selections.  Summer. bloom   24 in.

071-081     Salvia officinalis 'Holt's Mammoth'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lilac-blue flowers
The large, bold gray-green foliage on a robust shrub make Salvia officinalis 'Holt's Mammoth' useful in the herb garden.  Summer. bloom   2.5 ft.

071-028     Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lilac-blue flowers
Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'('Aurea Variegata') produces golden variegated foliage and lilac-blue flowers. A beautiful addtion to a container of culinary herbs in a sunny spot near the kitchen, or use it in a mediterranean type border with silver leaved or yellow flowered companions.  Summer. bloom   12 in.

071-044     Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Lilac-blue flowers
The matte purple evergreen foliage of Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' makes this a very useful accent. Can also be used in cooking. Benefits from a yearly shearing or frequent culinary trimming to keep it less woody at the base. Very lovely grown in a container of culinary herbs near a sunny kitchen door.  Early to midsummer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

071-010     Salvia officinalis 'Woodcote'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8 Purple flowers
Salvia officinalis 'Woodcote' is distinguished by its variegated leaves which are pale green and dark green. This is not as flashy as the golden variegated form but it is attractive and can be the perfect plant in a Mediterranean border.  Early to midsummer. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

071-094D4     Salvia patens       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Electric Blue flowers
Salvia patens bears very long, open-mouthed, blue flowers that rise up 2-foot stems. The arrowhead-shaped leaves are mid-green and lightly hairy to the touch. A stunning addition to our intense blue and red border. Many customers from cooler climates grow this as an annual because they love the long season of clear blue bloom.  July to November. bloom   2 ft. x 1 ft.

071-047D4     Salvia patens 'Pink Ice'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Pink flowers
We have long admired the brilliant blue of Salvia patens in the summer garden. Over the years, we have grown different color forms of the species including this pink one. 'Pink Ice' has the comparable light green, soft, fragrant foliage as the blue forms and the same large, dragon-mouthed flowers. The change in flower color, however, gives this selection an entirely different personality that is more suitable to a pastel border.  Midsummer to autumn. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

071-132D4     Salvia reptans (upright form)       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Blue flowers
Originally raised from seed from Seed Hunt, Salvia reptans (upright form) has become a stunning late season perennial in our new no-water border. The small flowers are intensely blue and numerous on 12-inch spikes. The blue grades from medium to midnight blue on the lower lip of each flower. The narrow, lance-shaped leaves are arranged in whorls up the two-foot stems.  September and October. bloom   24 in. x 30 in.

071-143D4     Salvia 'Silke's Dream'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Red Coral flowers
The shovel-shaped and lightly scalloped leaves of Salvia 'Silke's Dream' (Art Petly) remind us that this is a cross between S. darcyi and S. microphylla. It is the relatively large, brilliant red coral flowers with burgundy calyces that keep distracting us, however. They are so showy and bloom for such a long time that we do not care if this sometimes does not make it through our wet winters. Drainage is a must for Pacific Northwest gardeners. Predictably, Hummingbirds love it.  Summer to autumn. bloom   24 in x 24 in.

071-069     Salvia superba 'May Night'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Violet flowers
The attractive rugged basal foliage of Salvia x superba 'May Night' is crowned by spikes of dark violet flowers on this reliable, long-blooming perennial. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Summer. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

071-073     Salvia sylvestris 'Blauhugel'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Lavender-Blue flowers
Salvia x sylvestris 'Blauhugel' ('Blue Mound') is a tried-and-true German selection. This sends up dense spikes of purple blue flowers with attractive persistent amethyst calyces. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Early to midsummer. bloom   15 in. x 12 in.

071-106D4     Salvia 'UC Pink'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pink flowers
We have grown Salvia 'UC Pink', an elegant, airy woody salvia, for more than a decade and somehow have forgotten to propagate it, perhaps thinking it was not winter hardy. After ten years, it it time to let others enjoy its bright pink, somewhat flat-faced tubular flowers that continue for at least half-a-year. The small shrub fits in easily with silvery plants like cistus and indeed carries on long after they have stopped their floral show. Small, somewhat triangular foliage is aromatic.  Summer through autumn. bloom   30 in. x 30 in.

071-027D4     Salvia uliginosa     ( Bog sage )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Bright Blue flowers
A majestic salvia from S. America. Salvia uliginosa forms clumps that spread by underground stolons. Towering spikes of true blue light up the late summer garden. It likes a moist site.  August to frost. bloom   8 ft.

071-080-1     Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8 Purple flowers
We grow Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain' (Piet Oudolf) in combination with Sedum 'Vera Jameson' and Scabiosa 'Pink Mist' in the Four Seasons Garden. Whorls of feathery, purple flowers rise above somewhat hairy, basal foliage. While its habit is somewhat relaxed, it is hard to resist the abundance of bloom that lasts all season. Like many salvias, `Purple Rain' appreciates good drainage. A Great Plant Picks selection.  All summer. bloom   14-20 in. x 18 in.

071-157D4     Salvia 'Wild Watermelon'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Red Pink flowers
We were not prepared for the rapid growth of this immense shrub. Flowering is late, not until the end of August. Individual flowers are larger than we have seen on similar salvias but not as plentiful. The fragrant leaves too are large. Triangular in shape, they measure up to 2 1/4-inches long by 2-inches wide. Salvia `Wild Watermelon" appeals to hummingbirds looking for late season sustenance.  August to October. bloom   40 in. x 60 in.

408-004D4     Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea'     ( American elderberry. )     
Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea' has flat-headed flower clusters of white. These, in turn, become small red fruits which contrast vibrantly with the gold foliage on this N. American native. Birds love the fruits.  Summer. bloom   12 ft. x 12 ft.

408-004-1     Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea'     ( American elderberry. )     
Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea' has flat-headed flower clusters of white. These, in turn, become small red fruits which contrast vibrantly with the gold foliage on this N. American native. Birds love the fruits.  Summer. bloom   12 ft. x 12 ft.

408-007D4     Sambucus 'Madonna'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
The leaves of Sambucus 'Madonna' are splashed in bright gold. This is a slower growing form which makes it a candidate for a small garden.  June. bloom   8 ft.

408-007-1     Sambucus 'Madonna'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
The leaves of Sambucus 'Madonna' are splashed in bright gold. This is a slower growing form which makes it a candidate for a small garden.  June. bloom   8 ft.

408-001-1     Sambucus nigra 'Albovariegata'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Albovariegata' will become a large shrub or small tree. Due to the band of cream variegation around its leaves, this form seems to do better in part shade. Fast growing, but easy to cut back. Scented cream flowers give way to black berries. Adaptable to a variety of situations, this has survived at the edge of the bamboo grove in our garden.  June. bloom   20 ft. x 20 ft.

408-001D4     Sambucus nigra 'Albovariegata'       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Albovariegata' will become a large shrub or small tree. Due to the band of cream variegation around its leaves, this form seems to do better in part shade. Fast growing, but easy to cut back. Scented cream flowers give way to black berries. Adaptable to a variety of situations, this has survived at the edge of the bamboo grove in our garden.  June. bloom   20 ft. x 20 ft.

408-010-1     Sambucus nigra BLACK BEAUTY       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Deep Pink flowers
Sambucus nigra BLACK BEAUTY ('Gerda') PP12305 from Color Choices! This is the blackest of all the purple-leaved elders that we have grown. We admire both the glossy quality of the purple black leaves which hold their color most of the season and the rich color of the pink, lemon-scented flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection.  May to June. bloom   8-12 ft. x 6 ft.

408-009D4     Sambucus nigra 'Guincho Purple'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
What a great show! Sambucus nigra 'Guincho Purple' produces dark green leaves maturing to chocolate purple then turning to red in the fall. Corymbs of pink flowers on purple stems develop into purple-black fruits. The bark forms an interesting texture, adding to the overall appeal.  June. bloom   8-10 ft. x 8 ft.

408-002D4     Sambucus nigra 'Laciniata'     ( Fern-leafed Elder. )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Laciniata' has finely divided foliage which is feathery in appearance. It forms a bush or small tree. Scented cream flowers. Black berries in fall. A Great Plant Picks selection.  June. bloom   15 ft.

408-008-1     Sambucus nigra 'Pulverulenta'       
Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Pulverulenta' forms a large shrub with distinctly white mottled foliage that, from a distance, makes the shrub appear to be in bloom even as the dark fruits are forming. Less vigorous than the other elderberries, but still strong enough to create a lovely light spot in an open shade garden.  June. bloom   5-10 ft. x 5-8 ft.

408-008D4     Sambucus nigra 'Pulverulenta'       
Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Pulverulenta' forms a large shrub with distinctly white mottled foliage that, from a distance, makes the shrub appear to be in bloom even as the dark fruits are forming. Less vigorous than the other elderberries, but still strong enough to create a lovely light spot in an open shade garden.  June. bloom   5-10 ft. x 5-8 ft.

408-003D4     Sambucus nigra 'Purpurea'     ( Elderberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pinkish White flowers
The green spring foliage of Sambucus nigra 'Purpurea' turns purple-black as it matures. The flowers are pink in bud, opening to cream-pink. Like many sambucus, this can be cut back regularly to keep it shrubby, or trimmed to form a more small tree-like form. Either way, the birds will enjoy the fruit as soon as it is ripe.  June. bloom   8-10 ft. x 8 ft.

408-011D4     Sambucus nigra 'Thundercloud'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Reddish Pink flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Thundercloud' is a selection from Cotswold Garden Flowers. Extraordinarily black burgundy foliage darkens best in the full sun The pink flowers give way to dark fruits which are enjoyed by the song birds.  Late spring. bloom   8 ft. x 6 ft.

408-011-1     Sambucus nigra 'Thundercloud'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Reddish Pink flowers
Sambucus nigra 'Thundercloud' is a selection from Cotswold Garden Flowers. Extraordinarily black burgundy foliage darkens best in the full sun The pink flowers give way to dark fruits which are enjoyed by the song birds.  Late spring. bloom   8 ft. x 6 ft.

408-006D4     Sambucus racemosa 'Sutherland Gold'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Cream flowers
Sambucus racemosa 'Sutherland Gold' is truly a sight to behold with its deeply cut foliage of bright gold. The masses of creamy flowers develop into clusters of red fruit that the birds love. Best grown in cooler climates but does fine for us in the Northwest.  June. bloom   8-12 ft. x 8 ft.

616-004     Sanguinaria canadensis 'Flore Plena'     ( Double Flowered Bloodroot )     
Moist Woodland     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Native to Eastern North America. Sanguinaria canadensis `Flore Plena' emerges in the early spring then goes dormant in summer until the next spring. The white, very double flowers of rest on the newly opened leaves. The sap from the rhizomes is red thus giving it the common name `Bloodroot'  Early Spring (April here) bloom   6" x Varies.

072-001D4     Santolina chamaecyparissus       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Santolina chamaecyparissus produces soft gray, almost blue foliage with bright yellow flowers. Foliage has intense medicinal aroma.  Mid to late summer. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

072-005D4     Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Lemon Queen'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Light Lemon Yellow flowers
Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Lemon Queen' drapes over the wall of our Texture Garden in a dense mass of fine silvery gray foliage. Customers love to brush the aromatic leaves of this small shrub. The composite heads of pale yellow flowers complement the silver.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   20 in. x 36 in.

072-003D4     Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Pretty Carol'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Deep Yellow flowers
The soft gray, scented, feathery foliage of Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Pretty Carol' is a perfect foil for the hot colors of summer including its own deep yellow flower disks. Aromatic foliage.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   16-20 in. x 2 ft.

072-014     Santolina 'Little Nicky'     ( Lavender cotton )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
We were pleased to find this short hybrid of Santolina chamaecyparissus because, for many years, we grew a dwarf lavender cotton in a rockery and recently lost it during a bad winter. Looking like a dwarf juniper when it is not in bloom, Santolina 'Little Nicky' now grows in a hot bed with other mediterranean plants. The foliage is rich green and aromatic to the touch.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   7 in. x 10 in.

072-015D4     Santolina rosmarinifolius 'Lemon Fizz'     ( Cotton lavender )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Santolina are useful evergreen shrubs that are tolerant of difficult, somewhat dry, sunny sites. Over the years, we have used their silver or green foliage throughout our low-water borders. Santolina r. 'Lemon Fizz' is different. Its thread-like foliage is yellow in all-day sun or chartreuse in part shade. Because there are very few shrubs with yellow foliage that can be incorporated into low-water borders, it is a welcome addition. Give it good drainage. Be prepared to cut it back part-way at the end of winter, to tidy it up and promote new growth.  Midsummer. bloom   18 in. x 24 in.

072-007D4     Santolina rosmarinifolius 'Morning Mist'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Santolina rosmarinifolius 'Morning Mist' produces dark green rosemary-like foliage. Taller than the species and said to be more tolerant of wet soils.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   15 in.

072-008     Santolina virens       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Soft Yellow flowers
Santolina virens produces green leaves and stems with soft yellow flowers.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   2 ft.

527-006D4     Sarcococca hookereana var. digyna 'Purple Stem'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink Tinged flowers
We were worried that this evergreen shrub would be harmed after the record cold of December 2009. But it survived unscathed to open its clusters of tiny flowers at each leaf axil. These perfumed the air in December and January. The dark green leaves are noticeably narrow and come to an acute point. They are semi-glossy, while our other forms of Sarcococca have shiny leaves. And yes, the stems of Sarcococca hookeriana var. digyna 'Purple Stem' are pronouncedly purple. In habit, the densest growth is at the base of the shrub and it is more open near its top. Our measurements for the plant are based on four years of growth.  Winter. bloom   2 ft. x 1.5 ft.

527-004D4     Sarcococca humilis     ( Dwarf Sweet Box )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sarcococca humilis is a compact, glossy-leaved, evergreen shrub. In early winter, it bears clusters of tiny buds under its leaves that flower in late winter. Their fragrance is intense. Small glossy black fruits persist into the autumn. This spreads by suckers so it is good for naturalizing in a difficult shade situation. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Winter. bloom   13 in. x 3 ft.

527-007D4     Sarcococca orientalis     ( Sweet box )     
Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
This small evergreen shrub has thick glossy leaves that are somewhat rounded. Cluster of tiny white flowers form at each leaf axil up the stem. When they open in January and February, their fragrance is noticeable on sunny days. We have observed that this plant seems wider than it is tall. Our specimen of Sarcococca orientalis seems especially rich with flowers. We base our measurements on four years of growth.  Winter. bloom   15 in. x 18 in.

527-001     Sarcococca ruscifolia     ( Sweet Box )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
Sarcococca ruscifolia is a dense, evergreen shrub that has glossy, almost black-green leaves. The clusters of tiny white flowers begin to bloom here at the end of February. Their intense perfume sweetens the winter garden. Wonderful placed near an entry. Dark red fruits follow in the summer. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late winter to early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

527-001D4     Sarcococca ruscifolia       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
Sarcococca ruscifolia is a dense, evergreen shrub that has glossy, almost black-green leaves. The clusters of tiny white flowers begin to bloom here at the end of February. Their intense perfume sweetens the winter garden. Wonderful placed near an entry. Dark red fruits follow in the summer. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Winter to early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

527-005D4     Sarcococca saligna     ( Sweet box )     
Part Shade     Zones (8), 9, 10 Greenish White flowers
From Nepal to Afghanistan. This suckering evergreen shrub has proven much hardier in our gardens than it is given credit for in the literature. The dark green, lance-shaped leaves of Sarcococca saligna have a luster that brightens up the shrub, especially in our deciduous woodland area where it gets plenty of winter light. Flowering begins in the winter with tiny flowers and buds hanging on the stems beneath the leaves. Perhaps it is the cold, but we have not detected much scent. Our plant has been in the garden for six years and has yet to reach three feet.  Winter and early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 6 ft.

690-001     Satureja montana 'Nana'     ( Winter savory )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Lavender Pink flowers
Satureja montana 'Nana' is a dwarf evergreen shrublet with small lance-shaped, leathery leaves that take on a purple hue in winter. The leaves are aromatic and used for culinary purposes but the plant is also ornamental. Whorls of tiny flowers are sought after by bees and other pollinators during its bloom.  Summer. bloom   16 in. x Spreading.

352-029     Saxifraga cuneifolia       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Saxifraga cuneifolia is a mat forming perennial with leathery wedge-shaped foliage, green on top with purple undersides. Sends up 7-inch stems with loose panicles of starry white flowers. Does well in containers and will drape a little over the edges of a pot.  Late spring to summer. bloom   7 in.

352-050     Saxifraga gaudinii 'Canis Dalmatica' (x)     ( Saxifrage )     
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This natural cross between S. cotyledon and S. paniculata is an old-timer in the specialty nursery trade. One of the attractions of many of the rock garden saxifrages is their evergreen nature and the fact that, given proper drainage, they are relatively care-free. This makes them useful for containers and troughs which are becoming increasingly popular with gardeners who have smaller gardens or garden on balconies and decks. We grow Saxifraga x gaudinii 'Canis Dalmatica' in a large, well-draining basin in a gravel mix. It has formed a mounded cushion of rich green leathery leaves. The leaves have blunt tips and are encrusted in silver along their toothed margins. The rosettes open wide and their leaves rest almost horizontally giving them a more open appearance. Individual bloom spikes are a foot tall and can bear up to 30 flowers. The tiny petals of the flowers are white with red spots.  Early summer. bloom   10 in. x 8 in.

352-040     Saxifraga geum 'Dentata' (x)       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
(S. hirsuta x S. umbrosa) 'Dentata' refers to the teeth along the margins of the spoon-shaped, leathery leaves of this interspecific cross. Use this evergreen, rosette-forming perennial as a modest groundcover or in a container with succulents. Saxifraga x geum `Dentata's loose panicle of star-shaped flowers makes an attractive diversion from the foliage in summer.  Summer. bloom   8 in.

352-052     Saxifraga kolenatiana 'Foster's Red'     ( Saxifrage )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Dark Red flowers
We have been growing many of our rock garden saxifrages in a gravel mix in large containers. They continue to amaze us as they form tight rosettes of leathery green foliage. Because of their small size and their ease of care, these are great for gardeners who must garden in containers. The leaves of Saxifraga kolenatiana 'Foster's Red' are smooth and about 3/16th of an inch wide. They come to an accute tip. The slightly cupped leaves are held at about a 45 degree angle which gives the rosette a half-opened appearance. One of the great attractions of the leaves is the encrustation of silver along their toothed margins. It is presumed that this is a selection made by Lincoln Foster, one of the pioneers in rock gardening. What distinguishes this particular selection is the dark red of its flowers.  Summer. bloom   6 in. x 6-12 in.

352-027     Saxifraga macnabiana       
Sun     Zones 7, 8 White flowers
(S. callosa x S. cotyledon) Saxifraga x macnabiana is a charming rosette former that is ideal for a rockery or the front of a dry border. The edges of the leaves are encrusted with tiny, stiff, silver hairs that make them feel hard to the touch. Don't let this get covered over with other plants.  Early summer. bloom   2 in. x 6 in.

352-013     Saxifraga paniculata f. rosea       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Saxifraga paniculata f. rosea is a pink flowered form of this more commonly white-flowered species. (We have been told that this pink form is from Bulgaria.) We grow this in a rockery and in a large shallow container where it forms a small mound or mat consisting of gray green rosettes. Each rosette is composed of fleshy, linear leaves that are encrusted with lime along their toothed margins. In early summer, individual rosettes send up much branched panicles with showy flowers. We give it exceptional drainage by adding gravel to our planting medium and also applying a nice top-dressing of gravel.  Early summer. bloom   6 in. x 10 in.

352-053     Saxifraga 'Primuloides'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
This plant is often seen listed as S. x urbium var. primuloides (the name under which we received our plant), but according to Malcolm McGregor, author of Saxifrages: A Definitive Guide to the 2000 Species, Hybrids & Cultivars, this is more properly listed as a cultivar in the London Pride Group of saxifrages. It is characterized by its diminutive size, being less than half the size of what is commonly sold as London Pride. Small, rounded, leathery, everygreen leaves form a tight rosette which slowly increases by forming side rosettes. It is a good candidate for use as a small groundcover. The flowers of the plant that we grow are white and not pink as recorded in the literature and so we will continue to research this discrepancy.  Late spring. bloom   1 in. x slow spreading

352-025     Saxifraga stolonifera 'Harvest Moon'       
Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Saxifraga stolonifera 'Harvest Moon' produces large rounded golden-to-chartreuse leaves that have thin red margins. Their undersides are red and noticeable on newly opening leaves. This plant can be loved to death by root-weevils, so please take proper precautions.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

352-041     Saxifraga stolonifera 'Maroon Beauty'     ( Strawberry saxifrage )     
Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Even though the burgundy-colored leaves of Saxifraga stolonifera 'Maroon Beauty' are smaller in size than those of many selections of Saxifraga stolonifera, they are still dramatic. Imagine the pewter-veined surface of the leaves sparkling with a scattering of fine silver hairs. Here and there, the flash of the red underside of a leaf will call attention to itself. During the summer, the 15-inch flowering stems bear up to 100 flowers drawing the eye away from the beauty of the foliage. We have found that the strawberry saxifrages need consistent moisture. They seem to do best in well-draining soil and not in heavy clay. In habit, they increase by runners, just like strawberries. Given a little time, they will form an easy-to-manage mound.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

352-030     Saxifraga umbrosa       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Saxifraga umbrosa is an evergreen rosette former with spoon-shaped, waxy-edged leaves. We grow this in our Woodland Garden where it has happily increased to form an attractive low mound. Foot-tall airy spikes of starry white flowers with red speckling.  June to August. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

352-019     Saxifraga umbrosa 'Variegata'       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, White flowers
Saxifraga umbrosa 'Variegata' produces tight, low mounding rosettes of dark green leaves splashed with a creamy yellow. We grow this at the edge of our Woodland Garden where it gets good dappled light and shows off its airy panacles of tiny star shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 1 ft.

352-017     Saxifraga urbium     ( London pride )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Pale Rose flowers
London pride. Saxifraga x urbium is a very useful, adaptable groundcover with rosettes of spoon-shaped, leathery leaves. It bears airy panicles of tiny star-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x indefinite.

352-017QT     Saxifraga urbium     ( London pride )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Pale Rose flowers
London pride. Saxifraga x urbium is a very useful, adaptable groundcover with rosettes of spoon-shaped, leathery leaves. It bears airy panicles of tiny star-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x indefinite.

074-018D4     Scabiosa atropurpurea 'Black Cat'       
Sun     Zones 7, 8 Black flowers
When the pincushion flowers of Scabiosa atropurpurea 'Black Cat' are newly opened, they are truly black. As they expand, their red velvety highlights are revealed. As they mature sexually, tiny violet stamens emerge adding yet another beautiful detail. These are said to be annuals but have proven perennial for us. We thank Caroline Goodall for giving us the seed for this long-blooming addition to our borders.  All summer. bloom   2.5 ft. x 2.5 ft.

074-005     Scabiosa caucasica 'Blue'     ( Pincushion flower )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lavender Blue flowers
Scabiosa caucasica 'Blue' bears 3-inch wide pincushion flowers atop wiry, 2-foot stems. We sometimes have this blooming into the winter.  May to first frost. bloom   2 ft. x 2 ft.

074-007     Scabiosa columbaria     ( Pincushion flower )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue Lilac flowers
We have not had Scabiosa columbaria in the catalogue for many years and have missed the airy grace and long interest this reliable perennial brings to the border. Solitary pincushion flowers rise on openly branched flower stems. The basal foliage is gray green and well-divided.  Summer to early autumn. bloom   28 in. x 30 in.

074-010     Scabiosa columbaria 'Nana'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8 Blue flowers
Scabiosa columbaria 'Nana' is an excellent dwarf perennial with many blue pincushion flowers on 6-inch stems. Try it in the front of the border for bloom from summer to frost.  Summer to frost. bloom   6 in. x 6 in.

074-012     Scabiosa japonica var. alpina       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8 Lavender Blue flowers
Scabiosa japonica var. alpina bear lots of one-inch pincushion flowers that rise on wiry stems above a mound of both lobed and deeply cut foliage. The flowers begin rich lavender-blue and age to violet. Even the seed heads of this gem are attractive. Try it in a texture garden or low border. Very long blooming.  Summer to frost. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

893-003D4     Schizachyrium scoparium 'Blaze'     ( Little Bluestem )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
This selection of Little bluestem was made for its bright autumn coloring which is reddish purple with orangish highlights. Its compact habit and general hardiness has also endeared it to those who do mass plantings along highways and at restoration sites. In addition, it is an favorite forage plant for wildlife. We should also remember that it is an excellent ornamental grass that can be used as an individual specimen or in a group planting in a garden. In habit it forms more of a fountain than Schizachyrium 'The Blues' which is narrower and more upright in our garden.  Late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

893-001D4     Schizachyrium scoparium 'The Blues'     ( Little bluestem )     
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Rick Darke's masterful Encyclopedia of Grasses for Livable Landscapes tells us that this is a selection from Schizachyrium 'Aldous' made by Kurt Bluemel. We grow it in our dry borders where it thrives. Its stiff gray blue leaves and stems have purple highlights during the summer. As autumn progresses, the stems turn ruddy as the leaf blades grow tawny. Above, finely haired seed-heads form a dazzling halo. This is a favorite grass for difficult, hot, dry situations.  Late Summer bloom   2-4 ft. x 1 ft.

665-003D4     Schizophragma 'Moonlight'       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Creamy White flowers
Schizophragma 'Moonlight' is similar in habit to a climbing hydrangea, this attaches itself by aerial roots to walls, trees, and the like. 'Moonlight' has especially lovely, silvery blue green leaves that are deeply veined in green. The ten-inch lace-cap flowerheads are quite attractive. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   40 ft.

461-003     Schizostylis 'Big Mama'     ( Kaffir lily )     
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 Bright Pink flowers
It is not clear if the name Schizostylis 'Big Mama' refers to the size of the 1.5-inch, pink flowers, the 30-inch tall flower stems, or the rapidity with which this forms large clumps. Suitable for the mixed border and a cheery splash of pink late in the season.  September to frost. bloom   30 in. x 12 in.

461-005     Schizostylis coccinea     ( Kaffir lily )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Scarlet flowers
These long-blooming iris relatives add color to the autumn garden often carrying on their bloom into the winter. In the maritime Pacific Northwest, Schizostylis coccinea are virtually evergreen. The three-quarter-inch, cup-shaped flowers are held facing outwards on two foot bloom spikes.  Autumn. bloom   2 ft. x 12 in.

461-006     Schizostylis coccinea 'Salmon Star'     ( Kaffir lily )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 Salmon Pink flowers
There is always great interest in Kaffir lilies in the fall when their brightly colored flowers serve as a counterpoint to the colors of the changing foliage. The grass-like leaves are 10 to 14 inches long, well below the inflorescences. Individual flowers are 2 1/4-inches wide. There are 8 to 9 flowers in an inflorescence blooming from the base to the top. Although Schizostylis c. `Salmon Star is spreading, it is not aggressive and is easily lifted and divided in the spring.  September to November. bloom   28 in. x spreading

699-001D4     Scilla peruviana       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 Purple Blue flowers
Yes, Scilla peruviana is supposed to be borderline hardy for us but we've had great success for the last ten years. This starts to form its mound of lance-shaped leaves in the autumn. By early summer, it produces rounded racemes packed with exquisite star-like flowers. Attractive to butterflies.  Early summer. bloom   12 in. x 8 in.

368-001D4     Scopolia carniolica       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple flowers
SE Europe. Scopolia carniolica is a creeping woodlander that has large, rugged foliage. Solitary bell-shaped flowers are produced at the leaf-axils.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

231-001D4     Scrophularia auriculata 'Variegata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones (5), 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Red flowers
Scrophularia auriculata 'Variegata' is a beautiful plant for a moist semi-shade area. Broad, white margined foliage serves as a stunning backdrop for the woodland garden. Small dark red flowers are a favorite of pollinators. This is a good hummingbird plant for shadier gardens. From Europe. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Spring to summer. bloom   4 ft.

231-002     Scrophularia macrantha       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
Found on north-facing slopes in steep rocky habitats in SW New Mexico at elevations from 6,500 to 8200 ft. A little light shade seems necessary to make this plant flourish. Its mint green leaves are lance-shaped and serrated along their edges. The matte red flowers appear in loose terminal panicles bearing, on our random count, up to 21 open or budded flowers at a time. Inidividual flowers are pouch-like in appearnace, 3/4-inch in length, with an extended upper lip and recessed lower lip. The flowers are held at a 45 degree angle, perhaps to assist the hummingbirds that pollinate them.  Summer. bloom   36 in. x 16 in.

229-010     Scutellaria alpina 'Alba'     ( Alpine skullcap )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Scutellaria alpina 'Alba' is al low, spreading perennial with small gray green foliage. Clusters of little open-mouthed white flowers on 6-inch stems.  June and July. bloom   6 in.

229-003     Scutellaria baicalensis       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
We've long grown Scutellaria baicalensis in a sunny border on the approach to the farm house where it forms a low bush with purple stems and midgreen lance-shaped foliage. The two-tone flowers are borne in one-sided panicles, the upper lip being dark blue, the lower light blue.  Summer to fall. bloom   8-12 in. x 8-12 in.

229-005     Scutellaria lateriflora     ( Skullcap. )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Scutellaria lateriflora is a garden-worthy medicinal herb with one-sided racemes of small blue flowers. From N. America.  Summer. bloom   2 ft.

229-006     Scutellaria orientalis v. pinnatifida       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
We grow Scutellaria orientalis v. pinnatifida in the sunny end of the Dry Point Garden near Caryopteris and Zauschneria where the pinnately cut silver gray foliage is a pleasing textural contrast. The lemon yellow flowers are borne over a long period.  Late summer to fall. bloom   10 in. x 12 in.

982-001     Sedeveria 'Jet Beads'       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Yellow flowers
We do not sell many tender plants at the nursery, but, as collectors, we are always interested in new plants, especially ones that cross two different genera. Our curiousity got the better of us when we realized xSedeveria 'Jet Beads' is a cross between a Sedum and an Echeveria. The name 'Jet Beads' refers to the color of the succulent bead-like foliage, especially when the weather is cool. During warmer periods, the leaves are bronze with green. We grow it in a container and protect it in the winter.  Summer. bloom   1 ft. x 1 ft.

075-105     Sedum aizoon 'Euphorbioides'(Phedimus)       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Thanks to Closed Loop Garden outside of Olympia, WA, we were able to obtain this drought tolerant succulent. During no-water trials in that garden, the compact habit and the good substance of the spoon-like leaves of Sedum aizoon 'Euphorbioides' impressed us. In the autumn we were amazed when they were set afire with tones of peach and red before they melted back to the basal crown. They bear their starry flowers on well-branched stems.  Summer. bloom   14 in. x 12 in.

075-004     Sedum 'Autumn Joy'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Coppery Rose flowers
Sedum 'Autumn Joy' is quite popular, and for good reason. The light gray green foliage contrasts well with other plants, especially the ornamental grasses. In the spring the sprouting foilage resembles small cabbages, much to the delight of customers. The flowers are good for cutting and are a staple for dried flower arrangements. The plant is also appreciated by bees and butterflies. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer to fall. bloom   2 ft.

075-060     Sedum 'Bertram Anderson'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
We grow Sedum 'Bertram Anderson' in the Dry Border. By the fall, it forms a low growing circle of rounded fleshy purple leaves with dusky pink flowers. So beautiful, we always sell out. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Fall. bloom   6 in. x 12 in.

075-144     Sedum brevifolium induratum     ( Stonecrop )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
From North Africa. The leaves of this form are very tiny and so firm that they are difficult to crush with your fingers. They are powdery white with a blush of pink. All forms of Sedum brevifolium are evergreen and need exceptional drainage. In wetter climates it is recommended that they be grown in containers where they can be protected.  Summer bloom   1 in.

075-145     Sedum brevifolium 'Pea Green Form'     ( Stonecrop )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
An evergreen alpine plant from the mountains of Spain. All Sedum brevifolium forms demand exceptional drainage and perhaps, in wet climates, are best grown in containers that can be protected. This particular form is characterized by small, beadlike leaves that are the color of green peas. The inflorescences consist of five-petaled star-shaped flowers which are sparse but attractive.  Summer. bloom   2 in.

075-143     Sedum brevifolium 'Red Form'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
From Portugal. The very small, evergreen leaves are red. They are arranged in uniform rows of four up the stems. All forms of Sedum brevifolium need exceptional drainage and perhaps are best grown in containers in wetter climates.  Summer. bloom   2 in.

075-049     Sedum 'Carl'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pinkish Red flowers
Sedum 'Carl' is a vigorous cultivar with large heads of vibrant pink flowers. The rounded succulent foliage is slightly gray green. This is drought tolerant and does well even in clay soils. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  September to October. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

075-005     Sedum cauticola       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple Pink flowers
Sedum cauticola is an exceptional plant for the rock garden or trough. Forms a loose carpet with rounded bluish-gray leaves heavily spotted purple. Stems are also purple. Especially lovely in bloom in the fall. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Fall. bloom   4 in. x 16 in.

075-033     Sedum cauticola 'Lidakense'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum lidakense produces a stunning combination of smoky blue and amethyst foliage that cloaks this low mounding stonecrop. The purple gray buds explode into clusters of starry rose-colored flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   6 in. x 12 in.

075-090     Sedum 'Cherry Haze'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cherry Red flowers
Sedum 'Cherry Haze' is a Joy Creek Introduction of 2004. We selected this seedling because it is very upright, has pink infused, celadon green leaves and it has an unusual flower head. The individual flowers are arranged in flattened broccoli-like heads. In mid-August the dusty pink calyces open to reveal countless pin-head sized flowers in cherry red. It is a beautiful combination.  Mid-August. bloom   24 in. x 12-15 in.

075-093     Sedum cyaneum       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple Pink flowers
Sedum cyaneum is a small gray green succulent that is ideal for troughs or small rockeries where its charms can best be viewed. This is herbaceous dying back to tight rosettes during the winter. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   4 in.

075-125     Sedum dasyphyllum 'Blue Ridge'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
In autumn, the tiny smoky green leaves of Sedum dasyphyllum 'Blue Ridge' turn pink and gray purple. They are so small that a densely compact cluster of them measures less an half-an-inch. This tends not to break up as easily as some forms of the species. Use it as a low, creeping groundcover.  Summer. bloom   1 in. x 12 in.

075-127     Sedum dasyphyllum 'Lloyd Praeger'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4,5, 6, 7 Whitish flowers
Sea-greeen might best describe the color of the tiny succulent lozenge-like leaves of this ground covering sedum. The flowering stems can rise up to two inches. They bear clusters of 12-13 tiny cupped flowers that are pink on the outside and white in the interior. One wonderful application for Sedum dasyphyllum 'Lloyd Proeger' is to use it as a single specimen in a shade container. If you do not let the container dry out, it will look attractive twelve months a year.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x spreading

075-124     Sedum dasyphyllum 'Major'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
During the cold, Sedum dasyphyllum 'Major' takes on peach and smoky amethyst tones. The small soft blue green leaves form very ground hugging knob-like clusters that spread out to form a ground cover.  Summer. bloom   1 1/4 in. x 12 in.

075-134     Sedum dasyphyllum rifference       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3,4, 5, 6, 7 White flowers
All in all, Sedum dasyphyllum rifference is larger than the tiny S. d. 'Lloyd Proeger' Frosted green, succulent leaves are about an eighth-of-an-inch wide. As the weather cools the foliage blushes pink, which is very attractive. Use this as a groundcover or as a single specimen in a container. A little water from time to time is all it takes to make this look attractive all year round. The bloom spikes rise to about 4 inches bearing their clusters of tiny pink flushed flowers.  Summer. bloom   1.5 in. x 12 in.

075-061     Sedum divergens     ( Cascade stonecrop )     
Sun     Zones (4),5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Almost glass-beaded in appearance, the shiny rounded succulent leaves of Sedum divergens turn red in the sun. This is a fine rock garden plant and is tolerant of our wet winters. Try it as a low ground-cover.  Summer. bloom   2.5-3 in. x 4 in.

075-063     Sedum ellacombianum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum ellacombianum is a vigorous mounder with vibrant green leaves. Bright yellow flowers give way to orange seed heads which are very distinctive in the fall. For troughs, walls and rockeries. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Fall. bloom   4 in.

075-140     Sedum emarginatum       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Thanks to Closed Loop Garden outside of Olympia, WA, for sharing Sedum emarginatum with us. As the specific name suggests, the leaves of this sedum have a small notch at their tips. This form has beautiful bronze-infused leaves and stems all summer with the newest terminal leaves first appearing as a bright contrasting green. Many flowered cymes of starry-flowers adorn the plant.  May, June. bloom   4 in. x spreading

075-050     Sedum erythrostictum f. variegatum       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sedum erythrostictum f. variegatum is a lovely clump forming sedum that has gray green leaves with central cream variegation. Broad terminal flower clusters bear greenish white flowers with pink carpels. Cut out any wood that reverts to non-variegated form.  Late summer. bloom   12 in. x 24 in.

075-034     Sedum erythrostictum 'Frosty Morn'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Pink/White flowers
Sedum 'Frosty Morn' is an upright form to 15 inches sporting sea green and white variegated leaves.One customer described this as an "exclamation point for the garden". The flower heads are pale pink aging to cream. Very popular and unusual. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Summer. bloom   15 in.

075-042     Sedum ewersii       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pinkish Red flowers
Sedum ewersii has ovate blue gray succulent leaves on shiny, wiry brown stems. The sparse arrangement of the leaves allows the attractive stems to be visible. This is a small sprawler which bears terminal flower clusters of pinkish red. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   3 in. x 12 in.

075-116     Sedum ewersii 'Nana'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Some describe this as similar to Sedum cauticola and indeed it is. The very small, rounded, blue-gray leaves are layered into little towers. Sedum ewersii 'Nana' would be a choice plant for a container or a rockery. It is small enough that it could easily get lost in a border.  Summer. bloom   2-3 in. x 6 in.

075-153     Sedum hakonense 'Chocolate Ball'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
The Japanese name for Sedum hakonense is "matsunoha mannengusa" which translates approximately to "pine needle sedum." That describes the appearance of the tiny needle foliage of this succulent. The specific name tells us that it was found near Hakone, in the mountains around Mt. Fuji and more southerly. What is unique about this selection is the red brown color of the those needle-like leaves. The cultivar name is really apt! Imagine how amazing the cymes of small yellow flowers look against the dark foliage of Sedum h. `Chocolate Ball'.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 2-4 in.

075-101     Sedum kamtschaticum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Golden Yellow flowers
In all of its many forms, Sedum kamtschaticum is surely one of the great gifts to gardeners. Mounding up with glossy green leaves in the spring, by summer it shows off bright starry flowers. Often, it will even repeat bloom. In winter, this is reduced to an evergreen rosette. It is tolerant of drought or regular water, willing to fall into light shade, and not beset by deer. You will even see it used on eco-roofs. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 10 in.

075-130     Sedum kamtschaticum 'Tekari Dake'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Golden Yellow flowers
Sedum kamtschaticum 'Tekari Dake' comes from Mt.Tekari in the Southern Japanese Alps. It is a tough ground covering succulent with small, rounded and somewhat flattened leaves that are only a quarter-of-an-inch in width. Summer brings a display of small, flattened starry flowers. Autumn turns the green leaves shades of red brown and mahogany. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 12 in.

075-102     Sedum kamtschaticum var. floriferum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum kamtschaticum var. floriferum 'Weihenstephaner Gold' was a stand-out in Great Plant Picks trials at the Closed Loop Garden because of its dense habit and its bright blooms. The dark green succulent foliage is bluntly toothed along the margins. The short-stemmed clusters of yellow star-shaped flowers turn orange with age. A good choice as a groundcover or to use in a container. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 12-15 in.

075-055     Sedum kamtschaticum 'Variegatum'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum kamtschaticum 'Variegatum' is a clump-forming sedum with glossy pink tinted leaves with creamy margins. The star shaped yellow flowers emerge out of pink buds from summer to autumn, then fade to orange-red. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been changed from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Summer to autumn. bloom   4 in. x 10 in.

075-110     Sedum lanceolatum var. rupicolum       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Orange Yellow flowers
Washington State. Sedum lanceolatum var. rupicolum was raised from seed collected by seed collector Ron Ratko. This is found in lightly shaded areas in the Chelan Mnts. The small fleshy leaves typically have maroon highlights. They form dense tiny mats with a lovely display of bright star-shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 3 in.

075-071     Sedum laxum v. heckneri       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Pink flowers
Sedum laxum v. heckneri produce fleshy, blue-green, spoon-shaped leaves in a dense arrangement along the stems. This form has pale pink flowers and yellow anthers.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 10-12 in.

075-070     Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 2)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 2) forms very tight rosettes of gray-blue succulent leaves, each with a blush of pink at their tips. The leaves are glabrous and spatulate. An exquisite rock garden treasure.  Summer. bloom   1.5-2 in. x 8-10 in.

075-087     Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 3)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 3) is the largest form of this species in our collection. The rosettes are about 1/4-inch larger and much more congested with new growth.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 8-10 in.

075-086     Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 4)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Pink flowers
Sedum laxum v. laxum (Form 4) has fairly broad, blue-green succulent leaves that are 1/2-inch wide. The leaves have a purple influence. The red flower stems reach 14 inches long. The white buds open to pale pink flowers with red anthers.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 8-10 in.

075-128     Sedum 'Little Gem'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9 Yellow flowers
According to Ray Stephenson in his book Sedum: Cultivated Stonecrops, this interspecific cross between S. cremnophila and S. humifusum was introduced by Mr. & Mrs. Robert Grim of California. The dense, tightly clustered succulent leaves are almost hen-and-chick-like in their firm, pyramid-like rosettes. The leaves are green but turn ruddy in the sun. This tiny mounding plant is slow to grow. Although Sedum x 'Little Gem' survived 7 degrees F here last winter, it is known to be somewhat tender. If you have any doubts, please protect the plant during the cold. Occasionally the cherry red stems are visible through the tight arrangements of the leaves.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x 3.5 in.

075-023     Sedum 'Little Moor'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red-Pink flowers
Sedum 'Little Moor' is an unusual German hybrid. The shiny burgundy-infused leaves turn ruby in the fall. This is the perfect plant to set off pastel shades and pale yellows in the garden.  August. bloom   2-2.5 ft.

075-047     Sedum makinoi 'Ogon'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 Yellow-Green flowers
Sedum makinoi 'Ogon' is perhaps the brightest of our groundcover sedums. Its small, rounded leaves are pure gold (as the Japanese name indicates) flushed pink. Alas, this is not as cold hardy as many sedums. Protect from hot afternoon sun.  Summer. bloom   1 in. x 8 in.

075-053     Sedum makinoi 'Variegatum'       
Part Shade, Shade     Zone (7), 8, 9 Yellow flowers
The white margins on the tiny leaves of Sedum makinoi 'Variegatum' make a wonderful visual statement in the woodland garden. Coming from shaded rocky areas in Japan, this is not a drought tolerant plant. Nor is it very cold hardy. In winter, this forms a tight rosette; as spring returns, traveling stems emerge to continue the growth of the plant.  Summer. bloom   1 in. x 10-12 in.

075-067     Sedum 'Matrona'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Rosy Pink flowers
Sedum 'Matrona' is an upright clumping form that has been very popular due to the rosy edges of its gray green leaves and its very large, rosy pink flower heads. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

075-046     Sedum 'Neon'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Neon Pink flowers
The grey green leaves of Sedum 'Neon' are mostly entire without any serration along their edges. There is a pencil thin trace of burgundy encircling each leaf. In August, the broccoli-like heads of buds open hot pink with a violet undertone. Showy, yet tough. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  August to September. bloom   18 in. x 24 in.

075-077     Sedum obtusatum (Form 1)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Greenish White flowers
Sedum obtusatum (Form 1) bears very tight blue-gray, somewhat rounded succulent foliage which has a red blush. The stems are flushed pink. The creamy buds (we counted up to 22 of them) open to greenish white flowers with yellow anthers.  June. bloom   2 in.

075-081     Sedum obtusatum (Form 3)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Greenish White flowers
Sedum obtusatum (Form 3) bears blue gray foliage with a red blush. The flowers of this form are somewhat small.  June. bloom   2 in.

075-088     Sedum obtusatum (Form 4)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Greenish White flowers
From Southern Oregon. The cylindrical blooms of Sedum obtusatum (Form 4) rise to about 6 inches and are whitish green with pronounced yellow anthers. Somewhat heart-shaped foliage is pale blue green.  June. bloom   2 in. x 10 in.

075-097     Sedum obtusatum boreale (Form 1)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
Sedum obtusatum boreale (Form 1) is from a collection by Ron Ratko. The succulent heart-shaped leaves are blue green with red edges. They make up small, 2-inch rosettes. Purple stemmed panicles of pale yellow flowers adorn the plant. The starry flowers have red midveins.  Summer. bloom   2 in.

075-007     Sedum oreganum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zone 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream to White flowers
Sedum oreganum is a small evergreen mat-former that has small tongue-shaped, bright green leaves tinged with red. The dense clusters of rosettes bring to mind the outer cortex of the brain with all of its furrows and lines. In the autumn, the oldest foliage turns shades of yellow and red as it begins its decline. This is a useful ground cover in rockeries. It is found from Alaska to N. California. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Midsummer. bloom   3 in.

075-074     Sedum oregonense (Form 1)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Greenish White flowers
The frosted gray succulent leaves of Sedum oregonense (Form 1) are infused with a blush of pink. The stems are also pink. The starry flowers have yellow anthers.  June. bloom   3 in.

075-075     Sedum oregonense (Form 2)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Greenish White flowers
The very blue succulent foliage of Sedum oregonense (Form 2) forms loose rosettes. There is a pink blush to the stems and at the tips of all leaf segments.  June. bloom   3 in.

075-095     Sedum oregonense (Form 3)       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Yellow flowers
The bluish gray foliage of Sedum oregonense (Form 3) has a blush of pink in the stems and the tips of the leaves. This forms a somewhat loose rosette with bloom spikes rising well above the foliage.  Summer. bloom   3 in. x 12 in.

075-025     Sedum pachyclados       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
From Afghanistan. Sedum pachyclados produces dense, evergreen mounds of blue green foliage. Distinct three-toothed succulent leaves and relatively large white flowers. Blooms twice a year. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Rodiola.  Spring and fall. bloom   6 in.

075-084     Sedum palmeri       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Mexico. Sedum palmeri produces pale, dusty green, succulent leaves with a pale pink blush. The stems are upright at their bases and then become lax. Relatively large, point-tipped, starry flowers appear quite early. This is an ideal plant for a trough or container. Ray Stephenson in "Sedums: Cultivated Stonecrops" suggests using it in a hanging basket.  Late winter. bloom   8 in. x 8 in.

075-099     Sedum paradisium (Form 1)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Cream flowers
From a collection by Ron Ratko. The distinctly thick succulent leaves of Sedum paradisium (Form 1) form tight rosettes which in turn create a compact cushion. The flowers are in loose panicles on short stems. Attractive rosy red stems in winter.  June. bloom   2 in.

075-066     Sedum pluricaule var. ezawe       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rosy Pink flowers
Sedum pluricaule var. ezawe ('Sakhalin') is a recently acquired treasure. The lovely purple-hued foliage is sensational, even more so when it is in bloom. A Great Plant Picks selection.  June to July. bloom   3 in. x 12 in.

075-008     Sedum populifolium       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Pink flowers
The name Sedum populifolium is derived from the shape of the fleshy gray green leaves which resemble the leaves of the poplar tree. A woody, upright perennial with a sprawling habit. From Siberia. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Summer. bloom   18 in.

075-092     Sedum 'Purple Emperor'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Pink flowers
The stately purple infused stems and succulent leaves of Sedum 'Purple Emperor' are well-described by the name of this selection. The large flattened heads of dusky flowers add to its imperial air. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Mid-summer to early fall. bloom   1-1.5 ft. x 1-1.5 ft.

075-106     Sedum 'Queen Bee'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
We grow this selection in both a full sun, dry border and a part shade border with regular watering and it is upright and stately in both sites. Its rich, purple infused foliage gives it a great deal of interest during the early growing season. In late summer, well-branched clusters of flowers measuring 7 inches in width become a treasure trove for our resident bees. Sedum 'Queen Bee' has quickly become one of our more popular large sedums. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   2.5 ft. x 2.5-3 ft.

075-073     Sedum rubrotinctum       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Sedum x rubrotinctum has never bloomed for us, but who cares? The foliage is so delightful it is always interesting. Red infused, pop-bead-like succulent leaves spiral densely up short stems.  Summer. bloom   4-5 in. x 10 in.

075-019     Sedum 'Ruby Glow'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red flowers
Sedum 'Ruby Glow' is another of the top selling plants at the nursery because of its long-term beauty. Purplish leaves on ruddy stems quickly fill the front of the border in spring. By summer, the ruby red flower clusters open and age to deep russet brown while neighboring blooms continue to open until fall. The bees and butterflys love it, as do our customers. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Summer. bloom   8 in.

075-054     Sedum rupestre       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
It's not the yellow flowers but the tight cylindrical blue green foliage of Sedum rupestre that is so attractive on this evergreen sedum. Very vigorous and suitable for large rockeries or draping over walls. A good choice for difficult sites with poor soil. In the massive renaming that is happening to the genus Sedum, This plant is now known as Sedum reflexum  Summer. bloom   4 in. x 24 in.

075-114     Sedum rupestre 'Angelina'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
At first, we were wary about the gold-to-chartreuse leaved Sedum rupestre 'Angelina.' When we started our nursery, we had found that species Sedum rupestre is overly vigorous and has the ability to reproduce readily from seed and from broken bits of foliage. We learned to use it only on difficult sites where we are not concerned about it competing with other plants. Eventually, we gave 'Angelina' a try and were pleased. We found that it gives us the ability to lighten up difficult areas even in part shade. Its succulent, spikey leaves whorling up the short stems remind us of the way club mosses drape in the wild. We now find 'Angelina' to be especially eye-catching and easy in containers, tucked into pockets in rock walls, or spilling over the top of concrete walls. This has recently been reclassified from Genus Sedum to Genus Petrosedum.  June to August. bloom   4 in. x 24 in.

075-138     Sedum rupifragum (hakonense)       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
This diminutive, alpine species from the mountains of southern Honshu in Japan is perhaps most suitable for a rock garden or a raised bed. The narrowly eliptic leaves are flat with a groove going down the central vein. They are gathered into rosettes that form at the ends of loose stems. Sedum rupifragum has starry yellow flowers that appear in the summer.  Early summer. bloom   3 in. x spreading

075-120     Sedum sarmentosum 'Iijima'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
The narrow rounded green leaves on Sedum sarmentosum 'Iijima' are carried on runners in spring. These in turn form low clusters along the stems creating a groundcover over time. Attractive spilling out of containers as well. The leaves of this selection are narrower than the species.  Summer. bloom   1-2 in.

075-065     Sedum selskianum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
China. All parts of Sedum selskianum are covered in tiny hairs - the leaves, stems and flowers. It is a tiny treasure that is best enjoyed in a trough or raised rockery. The foliage is flushed in pink. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Summer. bloom   6 in.

075-117     Sedum senanense       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
When in bloom in August, the dazzling yellow flowers of Sedum senanense become a favorite with visiting photographers. We grow it in a raised bed so it is easy to get a good shot. In autumn the current year's leaves turn shades of apricot and yellow before they begin to drop. They are replaced in spring by dense new growth already developing at the base of the plant. The small, tongue-shaped leaves are serrated along their margins. They grow in whorls up the six-inch stems. This is adaptable, able to tolerate regular watering or a dry site.  Late summer. bloom   4 in. x 12 in.

075-009     Sedum sexangulare       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum sexangulare is a vigorous ground cover that is ideal for a stone wall or container. Foliage turns copper in full sun. From C. Europe.  Summer. bloom   4 in.

075-020     Sedum sieboldii       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
October daphne. Sedum sieboldii is a deciduous perennial with series of whorls of 3 fleshy, blue-green leaves edged in plum up the stems. Terminal clusters of star shaped pink flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Fall. bloom   4 in. x 8 in.

075-021     Sedum sieboldii 'Variegatum'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum sieboldii 'Variegatum' produces leaves of blue gray with central cream variegation and red tinged margins. Because it begins to bloom in fall, the pink flowers always call attention to themselves. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Fall. bloom   4 in. x 8 in.

075-094     Sedum 'Silver Moon'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
The silvery blue, flattened foliage of Sedum 'Silver Moon' (Helen Payne) has pink and red tones. This continues to bloom over an extended period. Use this as a modest groundcover.  Late July to September. bloom   3 in. x 12 in.

075-064     Sedum sp. section Aizoon       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum sp. section Aizoon is an herbaceous form with a woody rootstock. The large, midgreen, flat leaves have gently scalloped margins.  Midsummer. bloom   15 in. x 12 in.

075-012     Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum is common to the coastal ranges of Oregon and Washington. The small, rounded, glaucous leaves are often found on damp shady rock outcroppings. Creeping in habit, this is perfect for a rockery or trough.  Late spring. bloom   4 in. x 20 in.

075-011     Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum 'Cape Blanco'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Oregon. Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum 'Cape Blanco' forms miniature rosettes with extraordinarily white powdered leaves and pink stems. A kaleidoscope of muted colors which makes it a good companion in containers as well as in the garden. Try this with Ophiopogon p. `Nigrescens' and Arabis fernandi-coburgi `Old Gold' for a combination that pleases year round.  Late spring. bloom   2 in. x 24 in.

075-030     Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum 'Carnea'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum spathulifolium ssp. pruinosum 'Carnea' is a beautiful mat forming sedum, with rosettes of crimson tinged foliage and yellow star flowers. Foliage and stems turn red in winter.  Late spring. bloom   4 in x 24 in.

075-104     Sedum spathulifolium subsp. yosemitense 'Red Raver'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
At recent plant trials in Olympia, WA, Sedum spathulifolium subsp. yosemitense 'Red Raver' stood out among more than 100 that had been subjected to no water and little care. Thanks to the director of these trials, we were able to propagate this brilliantly red-stemmed selection. The fleshy leaves of the mature plant are slightly olive green. Red stolens bearing new plants give this sedum an eye-catching appearance. When it is in bloom, it is even more irresistable.  May to June. bloom   2 in x 12 in.

075-013     Sedum spathulifolium var. purpureum       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum spathulifolium var. purpureum is a rosette former with reddish purple leaves. From the Pacific Northwest. Foliage deepens in color in winter.  Late spring. bloom   5 in. x 12 in.

075-015-1     Sedum spectabile 'Brilliant'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Carmine Pink flowers
The light gray green foliage of Sedum spectabile 'Brilliant' contrasts well with other plants, especially the ornamental grasses. The bright carmine pink flowers are good for cutting. The leaves are a soft green. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   2 ft.

075-036     Sedum spectabile 'Meteor'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Carmine flowers
Sedum spectabile 'Meteor' is upright in habit with large green succulent foliage. This produces large broccoli-like heads of red flowers. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  August to September. bloom   16 in. x 12 in.

075-044     Sedum spurium       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum spurium is a mat forming perennial with rounded, evergreen foliage on reddish stems. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in x 12 in.

075-037     Sedum spurium 'Bronze Carpet'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum spurium 'Bronze Carpet' produces bronze foliage with pink flowers. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in.

075-118     Sedum spurium 'Dr. John Creech'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink & Red Pink flowers
Sedum spurium 'Dr. John Creech' is a fitting tribute to the former director of the U.S. National Arboretum. This vigorous ground cover grows more mounding than the other forms of Sedum spurium we grow. The rounded green leaves grow out from traveling stems which in turn form a dense cover with bloom spikes rising up to 6 inches. The flowers are a confetti-like mix of both pink and red pink in random fashion. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.    1.5 in. x 18 in.

075-131     Sedum spurium 'Fool's Gold'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Use Sedum spurium 'Fool's Gold' as a ground cover to brighten up the front of a border. The somewhat rounded leaves are edged in pink around their slightly scalloped margins. A relatively broad band of creamy white encircles a central green lozenge in each leaf. This is similar to Sedum spurium 'Tricolor' but the cream markings are much wider here and the leaves are longer and narrower. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   2-4 in. x 10 in.

075-103     Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Rose flowers
The garden at Closed Loop in Olympia, WA, revealed the dusky beauty of Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut' to us. It has since been quite at home in our no-water border where its round, red brown leaves contrast with nearby silver foliaged perennials. This is a fool-proof groundcover. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Late summer. bloom   4 in. x 24 in.

075-038     Sedum spurium 'Pink Jewel'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum spurium 'Pink Jewel' bears green foliage with pink flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in.

075-069     Sedum spurium 'Purpurteppich'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Red Purple flowers
The name Sedum spurium 'Purpurteppich' means purple carpet. Plum purple foliage with red-purple flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in.

075-031     Sedum spurium 'Schorbuser Blut'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Rosy Red flowers
As the seasons change, so do the leaves of Sedum spurium 'Schorbuser Blut' ('Dragon's Blood'). They begin green margined in red and turn totally red by the autumn. This is slower growing than the species, but still robust. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in

075-014     Sedum spurium 'Tricolor'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sedum spurium 'Tricolor' produces green, cream and pink variegated foliage with pink flowers. A Great Plant Picks selection. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Phedimus.  Early to late summer. bloom   4 in.

075-017     Sedum 'Stardust'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Sedum 'Stardust' is a tall, clump forming deciduous stonecrop with flat terminal heads of starry white flowers. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

075-045     Sedum stenopetalum       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Sedum stenopetalum is a creeping evergreen form found in the Columbia River Gorge. Small pointy leafed rosettes are tinged red in summer. Forms small plantlets along its stems which drop to form new plants.  Midsummer. bloom   4 in. x 12 in.

075-100     Sedum stenopetalum (Form 2))       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Sedum stenopetalum (Porter Creek) is a creeping evergreen stonecrop form found in northeastern Oregon. The green, pointy-leafed rosettes are sometimes tinged with red in the summer. This was selected for its vigor and the size of its bloom.  Summer. bloom   4-5 in.

075-068     Sedum tartinowii 'Sunset Cloud'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Claret flowers
Sedum tartinowii 'Sunset Cloud' is a very handsome sedum with steel blue foliage showing plum highlights. Clusters of claret flowers. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   1 ft. x 1 ft.

075-113     Sedum telephium maximum 'Gooseberry Fool'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lime Green flowers
The 2-inch wide cupped foliage of Sedum telephium maximum 'Gooseberry Fool' is blue green with a blush of pink at the edges. In summer heads of lime green flowers mimic the color of gooseberries. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Summer. bloom   1 ft. x 2 ft.

075-028     Sedum telephium ssp. maximum 'Atropurpureum'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Rosy Pink flowers
Sedum telephium ssp. maximum 'Atropurpureum' is an upright form with succulent gray-green leaves blushed pink along their edges. The rosy flower heads are quite large. This plant is so beautiful and upright that it was selected as a Great Plant Pick. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Summer. bloom   18 in. x 20 in.

075-027     Sedum telephium ssp. Ruprechtii       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Rose flowers
The large leafed trailing foliage of Sedum telephium ssp. ruprechtii is a stunning blend of turquoise, amethyst and rose. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer to early fall. bloom   12 in. x 18 in.

075-136     Sedum ternatum 'Buck Snort'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Thanks to our friend Dale Skaggs in Tennessee who found Sedum ternatum 'Buck Snort' and ID'd it for us. The leaf is larger than 'Larinem Park' and the habit is more open. The autumn foliage is copper pink. This was found near a stream at a fairly wet, shady site.  Spring to early summer. bloom   4-5 in. x 12-18 in.

075-132     Sedum ternatum 'Larinem Park'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
West Virginia. The rounded chartreuse leaves of Sedum ternatum 'Larinem Park' (The Primrose Path) form rounded rosettes that turn copper colored with the cold. A tight ground-hugging sedum that is used in eco-roofs.  Spring to early summer. bloom   4-5 in. x 12-18 in.

075-002     Sedum tetractinum       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Light Yellow flowers
China. Sedum tetractinum is a glossy trailer with terminal rosettes of leaves in shades of green, olive and orange. The leaves take on burnished tones in the fall. Use as a groundcover, in containers, or on a wall.  Early summer. bloom   4 in. x 12 in.

075-026     Sedum 'Vera Jameson'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Rose Pink flowers
Sedum 'Vera Jameson' is nicely paired in the pink section of the 4 Seasons Garden with Scabiosa 'Pink Mist.' A low mound of 9-inch purple stems with rosy purple somewhat rounded, yet toothed, succulent leaves. 8-inch stems bear clusters of stunning rose-pink flowers. This is a favorite when customers see it in bloom. This has recently been moved from Genus Sedum to Genus Hylotelephium.  Late summer. bloom   8 in. x 18 in.

075-119     Sedum zentaro-tashiroi     ( Stonecrop )     
Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Endemic to Tsushima Island, Japan, Sedum zentaro-tashiroi is a very small plant that is not well represented in the literature. We have found that it needs pretection from the hottest sun and cold. Also, it needs regular water during the growing season. The rounded, succulent leaves are light green appearing in whorls of four up short stems. In cold weather the evergreen leaves turn bronze. This is not a sedum that you can neglect. However, it is certainly attractive and would make a worthwhile condidate for container growing.  April to July. bloom   1-2 in. x 10 in.

382-004     Selaginella kraussiana 'Aurea'     ( Trailing spikemoss )     
Part Shade, Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
We were at first skeptical about introducing a spikemoss to our garden. Over time, we have come to admire the feathery chartreuse foliage of Selaginella kraussiana 'Aurea' and its ability to serve as a groundcover in a woodland garden. For us it is reliably evergreen but we must be careful to water it during our dry summers or risk browning the mossy foliage. Grow this under small shrubs or in companionship with ferns and other shade loving small perennials. Any plant with golden foliage is useful to light up a dark garden.    4 in. x indefinite

232-011     Sempervivum arachnoideum tomentosum     ( Hen and chicks, Houseleek )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Reddish Pink flowers
Succulents are all the rage these days and this houseleek is no exception. With its cobwebbed hairs stretched taut from leaf-tip to leaf-tip, and its lightly hairy appearance overall, this is a plant that deserves careful scrutiny. Individual crowns stay small but over time increase to attractive colonies. The nob-like flowers rise up and out perhaps reaching six inches.  July, August. bloom   3 in. x 12 in.

232-014     Sempervivum 'El Toro'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pinkish flowers
Sempervivum 'El Toro' are also known as hens and chicks. These familiar succulents make wonderful container plants or ground covers in dry areas. 'El Toro' is big, reaching up to 7 inches across when it is happy. The rosettes are red purple on their upright pointed tips and green toward their bases. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Summer. bloom   3-4 in. x 24 in.

232-007     Sempervivum 'Icicle'     ( Hens and Chicks )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Tiny hen-and-chick rosettes of Sempervivum 'Icicle' measure an inch across. The margins of the leaves are lightly haired giving them the frosted appearance of the name. The leaves are gray green on top and have purple reverses which accent the silvery hairs. This is a Great Plant Pick.    1 in.

232-024     Sempervivum 'More Honey' (Ed Skrocki, 1980)     ( Hens and Chicks )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Not Yet Bloomed flowers
There is great pleasure to be had in watching the slow progress as the leaves of a hen-and-chick expand to reveal a fully opened rosette. In the case of 'More Honey', the reverse sides of the succulent leaves are a rich blend of honey, pink and rose unfolding to expose a four-inch wide rosette of fleshy sea-green leaves margined with fine, silvery hairs. Red stems attach smaller chicks to the central rosette. The color of the tightly infolded chicks is red. Flower spikes can reach 8 to 12 inches.  Summer. bloom   1 in. x 8-12 in.

232-015     Sempervivum 'Mrs. Giuseppe'     ( Hens and Chicks )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Hen and chicks. The 2-inch rosettes of Sempervivum 'Mrs. Giuseppe' are powdery blue green with dark purple pointed tips. When they increase they form a very attractive ground cover. Also easy to grow in containers. This is a Great Plant Pick.  June, July. bloom   4 inches x spreading

232-004     Sempervivum 'Pekinense'     ( Hen and Chicks )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Rose flowers
The creamy green, narrow, pointed foliage of Sempervivum 'Pekinense' is flushed pink in spring. The rosette they form is shaped very much like a water-lily. Use it in a rockery or on a wall. This is a Great Plant Pick.  June and July. bloom   2 in. x 12 in.

232-016     Sempervivum tectorum 'Oddity'     ( Hen and chicks )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Red Purple flowers
Sempervivum tectorum 'Oddity' (McPherson, 1977) is truly an unusual looking hen and chicks. The succulent leaves have recurved to form hollow, stiff, up-right, pointed pipes that are blue green with purple tips. Rosettes are about 2.5-inches wide. Deserves a beautiful container. This is a Great Plant Pick.  Summer. bloom   2-6 in. x 1 ft.

232-006     Sempervivum 'Topaz'     ( Hen and chicks )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Sempervivum 'Topaz' is a mid-sized hen and chicks with 2- to 3-inch rosettes of succulent leaves. The leaves are gray green, lightly haired and have red, pointed tips. Use it in a rockery or on a wall.  June and July. bloom   1 in.

318-001     Sibbaldiopsis tridentata     ( Three toothed cinquefoil )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Eastern N. America. Sibbaldiopsis tridentata is a semi-evergreen mounding shrublet with three-part leaves each part having three teeth at their blunt tips. Shades of red, gold and purple are prominent in the autumn. A woody groundcover that should be used more often. This needs good drainage.  July to August. bloom   3 in. x 6 in.

230-013     Silene uniflora 'Plena'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Silene uniflora (maritima) 'Plena' produces blue green, somewhat fleshy foliage on lax stems bearing silver dollar sized, very double, white flowers similar to white carnations. Try it draped over a wall or in a container.  Summer. bloom   6 in. x 8 in.

230-012     Silene zawadskii       
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Silene zawadskii is a low tufted perennial perhaps best grown in a rock garden. Eight-inch stems bear loose panicles of white flowers.  July to August. bloom   8 in.

495-003D4     Silphium perfoliatum       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
Silphium perfoliatum is a clump forming perennial with large triangular leaves and tall spikes of terminal open-branched ray flowers of yellow.  Summer to early fall. bloom   8 ft. x 3 ft.

078-019     Sisyrinchium bellum 'Rocky Point'     ( Grass widow )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8 Blue flowers
California. Our native Grass widows do a fine job of beautifying the garden in the spring, but once warm weather arrives, they tend to brown out and go dormant. Sisyrinchium bellum `Rocky Point; is a dwarf version of the species introduced by Native Sons Nursery in California and has the advantage of being semi-evergreen and of blooming throughout most of the summer. We grow it at the edge of a woodland border and have been impressed with the show.  Spring to summer. bloom   3.5 in. x 5 in.

078-004     Sisyrinchium convolutum       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
Sisyrinchium convolutum is a clump forming, grassy leafed perennial bearing a succession of yellow star shaped flowers.  Summer. bloom   8 in.

078-017     Sisyrinchium 'Quaint and Queer'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8 Apricot and Maroon flowers
Even if the half-inch starry flowers are more properly described as a dull apricot with muted maroon throats, the unusual color combination is appealing. Sisyrinchium 'Quaint and Queer' forms grass-like tufts with 12-inch blades.  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 12 in.

078-016D4     Sisyrinchium striatum       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pale Yellow flowers
Sisyrinchium striatum keeps changing nomenclature. A few years ago it was Phaiophleps nigricans. Gray green iris-like foliage. Stems bear clusters of half-inch flowers on their upper third.  Summer. bloom   1.5 ft.

569-001     Smilacina racemosa     ( False Solomon's seal )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Smilacina racemosa is one of two Smilacina species growing in the woods around the Columbia Gorge. It is a clumping herbaceous perennial increasing by rhizomes. The elliptical green leaves have distinctive veining and come to a pointed tip. The dense racemes of tiny white flowers (shaped like miniature Christmas trees) appear followed by spherical fruits which ripen from green to red. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Midspring. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

608-001     Soleirolia soleirolii     ( Baby's tears )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Soleirolia soleirolii is often used in protected outdoor containers or as a house-plant where its fast-growing habit can soon drape a pot. Some gardeners in milder climates use it as a groundcover or an insert between paving stones in shady gardens. It remains evergreen and thrives in these applications as long as it is not burned by the sun or allowed to dry out. In cold winters the plant can die back but soon regrows as the weather moderates. Because of its mediterranean origin, it is often regarded as a tender plant but we have found it to be much hardier than it is given credit for. One of the main complaints about baby's tears regards its invasiveness when grown near a well-watered lawn or wet area. Used with care, this is an effective plant.    6 in. x 9-12 in.

608-002     Soleirolia soleirolii 'Aurea'       
Part Shade, Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 inconspicuous flowers
This is also known as golden Irish moss, a name which describes its appearance well. The very tiny golden leaves are so dense on this mat-forming groundcover that the word "moss" does seem like a good comparison. It is especially useful in woodland areas where its glowing evergreen leaves can accent the darker foliage of larger perennials. The foliage browns out if it does not receive adequate moisture during dry spells. Soleirolia soleirolii `Aurea' can also go deciduous if subjected to extended periods of temperatures below freezing.    2 in. x indefinite.

079-001D4     Solidago 'Golden Baby'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow Gold flowers
Solidago 'Golden Baby' produces very compact upright sprays of golden yellow ray flowers. Excellent as a cut flower.  Summer to early fall. bloom   2 ft. x 3 ft.

079-004D4     Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'     ( Rough-stemmed goldenrod )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Yellow flowers
The name 'Fireworks' suits this selection well. The dazzle of long, lateral, golden-flowered stems radiating out from the main stem of this tough perennial does suggest a 4th of July display, although this goldenrod blooms much later than that celebration. Slow spreading and much shorter than the species, this East Coast native is attractive to all kinds of wild-life, including bees and hummingbirds. Soldago rugosa `Fireworks' can tolerate wet conditions if there is good drainage, but is quite happy in regular garden situations companioned with other later blooming perennials.  September to October. bloom   3-4 ft. x 3 ft.

648-001     Solidaster luteus 'Lemore'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Yellow flowers
This is possibly an intergeneric cross between Solidago canadensis and Aster ptarmicoides. The result is a lovely garden plant with clusters of half-inch daisies composed of pale yellow ray florets around golden disk florets. They bloom on upright branching stems. Their bloom is profuse and extended. It is hard to understand why this is not more commonly grown. Solidaster l. `Lemore' is a clumping perennial and is easily divided or down-sized in the early spring.  Midsummer to autumn. bloom   36 in. x 12 in.

724-001D4     Sophora davidii       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pale Blue/White flowers
China. We have grown Sophora davidii in our Four Seasons Garden for many years and it has only reached 4.5 ft. by 4 ft. Because of the arrangement of its pinnate leaves with small rounded leaflets, it seems very open and see-through in habit. The stems are black, a trait that is most visible in winter after the leaves have fallen. In early summer, terminal racemes bear lovely blue and white pea flowers.  Early summer. bloom   8 ft. x 10 ft.

842-001D4     Speirantha convallarioides       
Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Jiangxi, China. Growing in our grove of old apple trees, Speirantha convallarioides has made itself right at home. The evergreen strap leaves are broad and arching. Small, fragrant white flowers produce dark berries.  Spring to summer. bloom   8 in. x 10 in.

429-014D4     Spiraea 'Dart's Red'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Deep Rose Red flowers
The new leaves of Spiraea x 'Dart's Red' have a deep red cast, especially on their tips and margins. We grow this along our Mediterranean Path, a low water area, where it is perfectly at home.  Midsummer. bloom   2-3 ft. x 3 ft.

429-005-1     Spiraea douglasii       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Although this form of the species was gathered at a higher and drier elevation, it needs ocassional water during the growing season to keep it looking its best. This suckering shrub is ideal for naturalizing or to use as a screen. The bright flowers are found in dense, rounded, terminal panicles measuring up to 6 inches. The foliage is bluish green with lightly hairy reverses. As the autumn comes on it turns golden yellow.  Early to midsummer. bloom   8 ft. x 5 ft.

429-015D4     Spiraea fritschiana       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
The spring show of 3- to 5-inch, somewhat flattened floral heads of Spiraea fritschiana is attractive. And the rugged look of this small shrub in summer is very pleasing. But it really becomes a favorite at the nursery in autumn when the large notched leaves turn sumptuous golden yellow with burgundy and red highlights.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

429-006D4     Spiraea japonica 'Anthony Waterer'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Deep Pink flowers
Although some of the literature says that the leaves of this shrub can occasionally have cream-colored margins, we have not found this to be true of our form. The leaves are bronze red when they emerge, turning mostly green with red tips as they mature. Terminal flower clusters of Spiraea japonica 'Anthony Waterer' continue over a long period.  Summer. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

429-003-1     Spiraea japonica 'Bullata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Deep Pink flowers
We grow this miniature shrub in a fairly dry bed and it succeeds well because it falls into afternoon shade. The fuzzy, rich pink flower clusters of Spiraea japonica 'Bullata' ('Crispifolia') fade attractively as they age. The textured, dark green foliage is somewhat leathery and is less than a half inch wide and long. After many years this is about 20 inches tall with an equal spread although the literature suggests that it is usually shorter.  Summer. bloom   16 in. x 20 in.

429-003D4     Spiraea japonica 'Bullata'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Deep Pink flowers
We grow this miniature shrub in a fairly dry bed and it succeeds well because it falls into afternoon shade. The fuzzy, rich pink flower clusters of Spiraea japonica 'Bullata' ('Crispifolia') fade attractively as they age. The textured, dark green foliage is somewhat leathery and is less than a half inch wide and long. After many years this is about 20 inches tall with an equal spread although the literature suggests that it is usually shorter.  Summer. bloom   16 in. x 20 in.

429-016D4     Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame' is a little larger than 'Flaming Mound' (W.H. Perron) but with a similar blend of golden leaves tipped in red. Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame' has been a stalwart in the garden, easy to care for, fairly drought tolerant, and especially brilliant in the spring border. We have seen `Goldflame' do well in a situation where it receives morning and late afternoon shade interrupted by a few hours of blazing hot sun midday.  Late spring. bloom   2-3 ft. x 30 in.

429-016-1     Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame' is a little larger than 'Flaming Mound' (W.H. Perron) but with a similar blend of golden leaves tipped in red. Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame' has been a stalwart in the garden, easy to care for, fairly drought tolerant, and especially brilliant in the spring border. We have seen `Goldflame' do well in a situation where it receives morning and late afternoon shade interrupted by a few hours of blazing hot sun midday.  Late spring. bloom   2-3 ft. x 30 in.

429-007-1     Spiraea japonica 'Goldmound'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Spiraea japonica 'Goldmound' is a small mounding shrub with gold foliage contrasting with the small heads of pale pink flowers.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   30-42 in. x 3-4 ft.

429-017D4     Spiraea japonica 'Limemound'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Spiraea japonica 'Limemound' is a small mounding shrub with crisp lime foliage and pink flower heads. Good orange fall color.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   30 in. x 3 ft.

429-009D4     Spiraea japonica 'Shirobana'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Dark Pink and White flowers
Even though the Japanese name for this selection translates to "white flower," the flowers on this compact shrub are both pink and white. Spiraea japonica 'Shirobana' is also called, perhaps more aptly, "shiburi" in Japanese referring to the dappling of colors in the flower heads.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

429-002-1     Spiraea japonica var. fortunei       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
This is apparently the form of the species found in China and introduced to Europe in the 1850's. The leaves of Spiraea japonica var. fortuneiare are larger than S. japonica. The autumn show is lovely, burgundy leaves turning crimson at their tips.  Midsummer. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

429-002D4     Spiraea japonica var. fortunei       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
This is apparently the form of the species found in China and introduced to Europe in the 1850's. The leaves of Spiraea japonica var. fortuneiare are larger than S. japonica. The autumn show is lovely, burgundy leaves turning crimson at their tips.  Midsummer. bloom   5 ft. x 5 ft.

429-018-1     Spiraea 'MAGIC CARPET'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
In early spring, this shrub is ablaze with red tinted new growth which matures to a lovely chartreuse. By late spring, when its pink flowers come into bloom, Spiraea MAGIC CARPET ('Walbuma')' PP9363 is a complex but pleasing combination of these three unlikely colors. Then it calms to a strong somewhat golden presence in the garden until it drops its leaves in the fall. A Great Plant Picks selection. PP9363  Early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

429-018D4     Spiraea 'MAGIC CARPET'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
In early spring, this shrub is ablaze with red tinted new growth which matures to a lovely chartreuse. By late spring, when its pink flowers come into bloom, Spiraea MAGIC CARPET ('Walbuma')' PP9363 is a complex but pleasing combination of these three unlikely colors. Then it calms to a strong somewhat golden presence in the garden until it drops its leaves in the fall. A Great Plant Picks selection. PP9363  Early spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

429-010D4     Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
(This is sometimes sold as Spiraea nipponica var. tosaensis.) For manys years Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound' has been part of a loose association of shrubs that have held a south-facing hillside together in our garden. It has been an easy shrub to grow, attractive in the spring when its blue-green leaves emerge. A little later, it is covered with corymbs of small, five-petaled flowers that truly do suggest the plant's name when viewed from afar. In the autumn, the leaves put on a modest show of yellow color. When the leaves have fallen, you can see the shrub's arching habit and the dense pattern of branches that make up its bones.  Spring to early summer. bloom   3-6 ft. x 3-6 ft.

429-010-1     Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
(This is sometimes sold as Spiraea nipponica var. tosaensis.) For manys years Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound' has been part of a loose association of shrubs that have held a south-facing hillside together in our garden. It has been an easy shrub to grow, attractive in the spring when its blue-green leaves emerge. A little later, it is covered with corymbs of small, five-petaled flowers that truly do suggest the plant's name when viewed from afar. In the autumn, the leaves put on a modest show of yellow color. When the leaves have fallen, you can see the shrub's arching habit and the dense pattern of branches that make up its bones.  Spring to early summer. bloom   3-6 ft. x 3-6 ft.

429-011-1     Spiraea prunifolia     ( Bridal wreath spriraea )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
China. Locally, this used to be a common ornamental shrub that delighted gardeners in the spring with its showy branches profusely covered in small white flowers. It has been such a popular garden plant that it has been given the popular name Bridal wreath spiraea. Once this shrub is established, it requires only occasional water and little fertilizer to make it happy. At the close of the season, its leaves put on a bright autumn display of red, orange and yellow. Bridal wreath spiraea makes an excellent addition in mixed borders.  March to April. bloom   4-8 ft. x 4-8 ft.

429-011D4     Spiraea prunifolia     ( Bridal wreath spriraea )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
China. Locally, this used to be a common ornamental shrub that delighted gardeners in the spring with its showy branches profusely covered in small white flowers. It has been such a popular garden plant that it has been given the popular name Bridal wreath spiraea. Once this shrub is established, it requires only occasional water and little fertilizer to make it happy. At the close of the season, its leaves put on a bright autumn display of red, orange and yellow. Bridal wreath spiraea makes an excellent addition in mixed borders.  March to April. bloom   4-8 ft. x 4-8 ft.

429-012-1     Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Our specimen of Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon' fills up the central position between a dark green Pinus 'Thundercloud' and the intense gold barring of the stiff Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus'. Small willowy golden leaves shimmer on arching stems. The small white flowers in spring create an airy effect. A Great Plant Picks Selection.  Spring. bloom   3.5 ft. x 6 ft.

429-012D4     Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon'       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Our specimen of Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon' fills up the central position between a dark green Pinus 'Thundercloud' and the intense gold barring of the stiff Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus'. Small willowy golden leaves shimmer on arching stems. The small white flowers in spring create an airy effect. A Great Plant Picks Selection.  Spring. bloom   3.5 ft. x 6 ft.

429-013D4     Spiraea vanhouttei       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
A vigorous arching shrub. In early summer Spiraea x vanhouttei is covered with white clustered flower heads. Fall foliage picks up yellow and purple highlights.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   6-8 ft. x 5 ft.

429-021-1     Spiraea vanhouttei 'Pink Ice'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Spiraea x vanhouttei 'Pink Ice' sports eye-catching frosted variegation on its mid-green leaves.Tints of pink in the stems contribute to the name of this attractive shrub. This is a twist on a garden classic. Dense clusters of small, open-faced, white flowers in early summer.  Early summer. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

429-021D4     Spiraea vanhouttei 'Pink Ice'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
Spiraea x vanhouttei 'Pink Ice' sports eye-catching frosted variegation on its mid-green leaves.Tints of pink in the stems contribute to the name of this attractive shrub. This is a twist on a garden classic. Dense clusters of small, open-faced, white flowers in early summer.  Early summer. bloom   6 ft. x 5 ft.

047-001D4     Spodiopogon sibericus       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
For years we grew this forest grass in too much sun. Now Spodiopogon sibericus graces the woodland garden where its bamboo-like foliage takes on burgundy tints in the fall. The airy inflorescences emerge well above the foliage in late summer.    4 ft.

534-001-1     Spreckelia formosissima       
Sun     Zones (8), 9, 10 Deep Red flowers
This bulb has survived many years in our garden but it will not bloom unless it is grown in a sunny, well-protected, well-draining site with adequate moisture during its growing period. Spreckelia formosissima's amazing 5-inch, orchid-shaped flower is deep red and well worth the effort.  Spring. bloom   6 in.

080-011D4     Stachys byzantina 'Primrose Heron'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pale Pink flowers
The fuzzy cat's fur-like foliage of Stachys byzantina 'Primrose Heron' is soft to the touch. It emerges pale blue green, but those portions that are most exposed to the sun tend to turn pale yellow green giving rise to the plant's name. All of this is complemented by occasional 12-inch flowering stems bearing whorls of pale pink flowers. A lovely and somewhat mysterious woody ground cover for the mediterranean border.  Early summer to early autumn. bloom   10-12 in. x 2 ft.

080-016D4     Stachys coccinea       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Scarlet flowers
We have enjoyed this perennial in our garden for so many years that it is hard to believe that we have never propagated it. Like many of the the betonies, Stachys coccinea has soft hariy, lance-shaped leaves. They are mid-green, well-veined and up to 3 inches long. The upright flowering stems bear narrow, tubular flowers that are attractive to hummingbirds. Despite its origin in Arizona and Texas south to Mexico, it is very at home in our garden.  Midspring to midautumn. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

080-013D4     Stachys 'Countess Helen von Stein Zeppelin'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pinkish Purple flowers
Stachys 'Countess Helen von Stein Zeppelin' is a silver carpet-former noted for its longer and broader foliage, its resistance to rot, and the fact that it blooms sparingly (so there is little seeding around in the garden).  Summer. bloom   12 in. x 24 in.

080-005     Stachys densiflora       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Stachys densiflora has evergreen rosettes of small, crinkled, dark foliage with spikes of tubular bright pink flowers.  Summer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

080-003     Stachys discolor       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink to Violet flowers
From the Caucasus. Stachys discolor (nivea) has basal rosettes of crimp-edged lance shaped leaves. And whorls of pink to light yellow tubular flowers on 1.5-foot stem. The blooms on our form are a light cream yellow.  Summer. bloom   18 in. x 18 in.

080-010D4     Stachys macrantha 'Superba'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Deep Purple Pink flowers
Stachys macrantha (grandiflora) 'Superba'is very showy with dense spikes of rich purple-pink. The dark green basal foliage is very wrinkled and veined in appearance.  Early summer to early fall. bloom   24 in. x 12 in.

080-011     Stachys 'Primrose Heron'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Dull Pink flowers
The fuzzy cat's-fur surface of the golden foliage is mysterious and makes you want to touch it. Young leaves are blue green under their woolly surfaces aging to gold. This mounding, mat-former has whorls of dull pink flowers up two-foot flowering stems. Stachys 'Primrose Heron' is perfect for a dry border.  Early summer to early autumn. bloom   9 in. x 24 in.

946-001     Sternbergia lutea     ( Autumn daffodil )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Bright Yellow flowers
From Spain to Afghanistan. Just when you think the season is over, this bulb produces its lance-shaped leaves followed by bright yellow tulip-shaped flowers. This usually happens just as our rainy season begins and the yellow of the flowers serves as a reminder of the sunny season that has just passed. We grow our bulbs in a gravel bed where they get little extra summer water. They have flourished and increased well there.  October. bloom   6 in.

235-002D4     Stipa gigantea     ( Giant feather grass )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8
The elegant tall bloom spikes of Stipa gigantea are held very high above the foliage. The effect of the sun on the golden flowers is dazzling. Blooms June to August. A Great Plant Picks selection.    8 ft.

235-008D4     Stipa lessingiana 'Capriccio'     ( Needle grass )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
This species of grass can reach two to four feet, but the selection Stipa lessingiana 'Capriccio' is shorter and perhaps more useful for containers and the modern small garden. The fine-textured, evergreen blades of grass are hairlike and stir easily at the slightest breeze. This gives a refreshing sense of movement to the garden. Because this is a cool-season grass and blooms early in the summer, the attractive narrow awns remain on their flowering stems throughout the growing season.  Early July. bloom   14-16 in. x 24-30 in.

558-006D4     Stokesia laevis 'Mary Gregory'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Cream flowers
We grow Stokesia laevis 'Mary Gregory' in a white, black and chartreuse section of the garden where the large rayed flowers continue over an extended time. The lance-like foliage is apple-green combining attractively with the chartreuse theme in the background.  Midsummer to early autumn. bloom   2 ft. x 18 in.

558-005D4     Stokesia laevis 'Silver Moon'     ( Stokes aster )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
The carefree beauty of Stokesia laevis 'Silver Moon' has one flaw. The spent flowers turn brown. But never fear because they are very easy to remove. The silvery cornflower-shaped blooms are extra large and appear in great profusion over a long period of time. The basal foliage forms a mound of soft green.  Midsummer to early fall. bloom   24 in. x 18 in.

669-001D4     Strobilanthes atropupureus       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Purple Blue flowers
Rounded, lance-shaped leaves have serrated edges and a purple cast. Tall, flowering stems bear terminal cymes of purple blue flowers. We grow Strobilanthes atropupureus in our Four Seasons Garden where it serves as a long-blooming backdrop for penstemons and grasses.  Summer to autumn. bloom   4 ft. x 3 ft.

336-001-1     Stylophorum diphyllum     ( Celadine poppy )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
This woodland poppy from the eastern US graces one of our shade gardens under a canopy of Rhododendrons. The saturated color of its 2-inch wide flowers lights up the darkness all summer. The deeply lobed, downy leaves are up to 8 inches long. Each lobe resembles an oak leaf. Even the flower buds of Stylophorum diphyllum are noteworthy with their shiny white bristles.  Summer. bloom   2.5 ft. x 3 ft.

519-002D4     Symphoricarpos albus 'Variegatus'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Pink flowers
Symphoricarpos albus 'Variegatus' is a medium sized suckering shrub. The white margined leaves and the persistent white fruit make this a worthy addition to the woodland garden.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

519-004D4     Symphoricarpos orbiculatus       
Sun     Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This arrived as an unidentified shrub. Suddenly as autumn set in, the branches were covered in stunning, rounded, purple-red fruit. We quickly set about identifying it. In late summer this mid-sized shrub is decked out in small white bell-shaped flowers. But it is in the autumn that Symphoricarpos orbiculatus becomes a berried treasure for the garden.  Summer. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

519-003D4     Symphoricarpos orbiculatus 'Foliis Variegatis'     ( Coralberry )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 White flowers
This selection of a dense, deciduous shrub from the East Coast is easy to grow, very hardy and tolerant of poor soils. The flowers are small, bell-shaped and are not particularly showy although they do attract many pollinators. As the name Symphoricarpus orbiculatus 'Foliis Variegatis' ('Variegatus') suggests, the leaves are variegated. In this case they are edged with an irregular cream-colored band which is distinctive. It is after the leaves fall, however, that the shrub becomes especially lovely as the persistent dark red-purple fruits are eye-catching in the winter landscape.  Late summer to early autumn. bloom   6 ft. x 6 ft.

319-003     Synthyris missurica ssp. stellata     ( Columbia kittentails )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 Blue flowers
Synthyris missurica ssp. stellata is a welcome sight when it blooms in the Western Columbia River Gorge in early spring because it is one of the earliest of our regional wildflowers to open. The common name Columbia kittentails seems a bit misleading but with a good imagination perhaps you can conjure up the tail of a little blue kitten from the bloom spike. Even when this is not in bloom, it looks good because the foliage is evergreen. Forming a dense, low mound, the 1 to 2 inch glossy rounded leaves are cupped in their centers and toothed along their margins. For many years we thought of combining dwarf narcissus or crocus to complement the blue of the flowers but we have yet to find the perfect dwarf bulb. This is often found in partly shaded sites but we have grown it in sun in our garden with great success.  Early spring. bloom   5-12 in. x 12 in.


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