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Plant Reference List - M
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195-004-1     Magnolia 'Ann'       
Sun     Zone 3-8 Red Purple flowers
There is nothing quite like the glow of the large, red purple, cupped flowers of Magnolia 'Ann' against the gray of our midspring skies. What is amazing is that 'Ann' doesn't stop there but keeps blooming intermittently throughout the summer. At 8 feet tall, it is an ideal small tree for an urban garden.  Midspring and repeats throughout summer. bloom   8-10 ft. x 8 ft.

195-001-1     Magnolia ashei       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Although it hales from North Florida, this deciduous species is surprisingly hardy. What is most surprising about the tree, is the size of its giant leaves which can measure up to 2 feet in length. These dark green, glossy leaves have distinctly glaucous undersides. Magnolia ashei is particularly rewarding because, unlike many magnolias, it will come to bloom three or four years after you plant it. The blooms are magnificent, ten-inch wide, saucer-like flowers that are well worth the brief wait. Looking inside one you will see a red stain at the base of each petal.  Early summer. bloom   30-70 ft. x 25 ft.

195-008-1     Magnolia sieboldii     ( Oyama magnolia )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 White flowers
China, Korea, Japan. With its vase-like shape and small stature, Magnolia sieboldii is ideally suited to a smaller garden. Here are some additional reasons to choose this tree. The white flowers are nodding and not upright as on many magnolias. This makes it easy to look inside them and see their contrasting red stamens and to smell their sweet fragrance. The flowers open throughout much of the summer and are readily visible against the rounded dark green leaves. The felty undersides of the leaves add yet one more feature of interest. Even small details like the subsequent fruits which are small and pinkish are worthy of note. When they split open they reveal orange and red seeds.  Late spring to late summer. bloom   15-30 ft. x 15-30 ft.

463-001D4     Mahonia nevinii       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow flowers
The tough, narrow, holly-like leaves with glaucous blue green surfaces and powdery blue undersides of Mahonia nevinii indicate clearly that this is a plant from a dry region, in this case Southern California. It has proven to be a reliable shrub here in the Pacific Northwest reaching 7 to 8 feet in height on gnarled, very textural branches. The evergreen leaves are copper-red when young, complementing the dense racemes of yellow flowers. In midsummer, it bears slightly orange red berries.  Early to mid-spring. bloom   7-8 ft. x 6-8 ft.

463-003D4     Mahonia repens       
Sun, Part Shade, Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Yellow flowers
Mahonia repens is an especially blue-foliaged selection of our NW native woodland groundcover. Its evergreen, thick, holly-like foliage is always attractive, but never more so than when it is in bloom with complementary yellow flowers. Later blue-black fruits offer a more subtle contrast. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Mid- to late spring. bloom   12 in. x 3 ft.

512-002     Marrubium incanum       
Sun     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 White flowers
Marrubium incanum produce a pair of very gray, scalloped leaves that develop beneath each of the five to six whorls of tiny flowers that rise at regular intervals up the blooming stems. These leaves recurve back until they almost touch the stem below giving the plant a distinctive appearance. The tiny flowers are blushed with pale lilac as they open, but soon fade to white. We grow this in our low-water border where flowers persist through most of the growing season.  June and July. bloom   2.5 in. x 24 in.

338-001     Mazus radicans       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8 Violet flowers
Mazus radicans is a ground hugging dense mat former with foliage closely attached to the stem. The rounded leaves are stippled brown and complement the pretty violet flowers. From New Zealand.  May to June. bloom   1 in. x indefinite.

338-003     Mazus reptans       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Blue flowers
Mazus reptans is a very dense mat former that is suitable for a part-shade situation. Small bluish flowers. Can tolerate light foot traffic.  Late spring to summer. bloom   2 in. x indefinite.

338-002     Mazus reptans 'Albus'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Mazus reptans 'Albus' is a vigorous and very dense mat former used successfully by many of our customers who need a fairly fast spreading and easy ground cover. Pure white flowers. From the Himalayas.  Summer. bloom   2 in. x indefinite.

562-002D4     Melianthus major 'Antonow's Blue'     ( Honey Bush )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Brownish Red flowers
South Africa. Melianthus major 'Antonow's Blue' is a bright blue leafed form that was found in the garden of the late Steven Antonow whose untimely death surprised the garden community in the Northwest. Every time we see its large, bold, primatively toothed foliage, we remember his exceptional garden where we first saw this. The pinnate, evergreen leaves can be as long as 20 inches.  Spring to midsummer. bloom   6-10 ft. x 3-10 ft.

660-001     Melittis melissophyllum       
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 White/Purple Pink flowers
We grow Melittis melissophyllum in our Woodland Border where it produces its lovely flowers over a long time. The rounded leaves have scalloped edges and are aromatic to the touch. The white flowers are two-lipped with a large purple pink blotch in the lower lip.  Late spring to early summer. bloom   28 in. x 20 in.

618-001     Mentha requienii     ( Corsican mint )     
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Lilac-Pink flowers
Brush the tiny green leaves of Mentha requienii and release the intense fragrance of earthy peppermint. This needs shade and consistant water to keep it looking its best during our hot, dry summers. Whorls of tiny little flowers grace this mat-former. Once established it is tolerent of some foot traffic, releasing its scent with every step.  Summer. bloom   1/2 in. x indefinite.

825-001     Milium effusum 'Aureum'     ( Golden wood millet )     
Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
We are always looking for ways to lighten up shady borders. This clumping grass can indeed do just that. Its soft blades are at their brightest in the spring when they are new. As the season advances, they turn golden green. We use Milium effusum 'Aureum' to contrast with darker foliaged shade plants like Sarcococca and ferns. Be sure to maintain regular water during the summer to keep this grass looking its best.  Spring. bloom   2-3 ft. x 2 ft.

053-004     Mimulus cardinalis     ( Monkeyflower )     
Part Shade     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet flowers
Mimulus cardinalis is a wonderful accent for a woodland setting. Scarlet monkey flowers with yellow throat markings bloom generously over a long period. A nice treat for humminbirds in a partly shady section of the garden.  Summer. bloom   36 in. x 24 in.

299-001-1     Miscanthus giganteus     ( Giant Chinese silver grass )     
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus giganteus (floridulus) is a giant grass that has towering silvery tassels 12 feet in the air. Forms a graceful screen.    8-12 ft. x 5 ft.

299-006D4     Miscanthus 'Purpurascens'     ( Flame grass )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus 'Purpurascens' is a shorter grass whose green leaves turn iridescent red and purple in the fall accenting its silver plumes. Because our summers are often dry, we have found we need to water it more than other maiden grasses if we want it to put on a good display.  Autumn. bloom   3-4 ft. x 2.5 ft.

299-022-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Adagio'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Adagio' (Bluemel) is a superb shorter maiden grass with the habit of Miscanthus 'Yaku Jima'. The bronzy inflorescences are held above the narrow leafed foliage in a stately manner. By autumn, the blades transform into a whirl of orange, gold and burgundy. A Great Plant Picks selection.    5 ft.

299-013-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Arabesque'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Arabesque' (Bluemel) is a mid-sized, narrow bladed grass with a distinct midrib of silver. Silvery inflorescences in August and September. Good burgundy stems.  August and September. bloom   5 ft.

299-002-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Autumn Light'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Autumn Light' produces quarter-inch wide foliage that takes on yellow and claret tones in the autumn. 8-foot bloom spike.  September. bloom   8 ft.

299-023-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Flamingo'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Flamingo' bears claret stems and loose pink inflorescences on this winning grass.    7 ft.

299-030-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar' PP15193 is a Joy Creek Introduction. Truly a show-stopper with its dense and dramatic gold striping from the base of the grass to its top. It is exceptionally upright and compact in habit. At the end of October, burgundy inflorescences appear just above the blades. Try it in the mixed border or in a container. After 8 years, this finally grew to 5 feet in height. Great for use in pots and in small urban gardens. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late October. bloom   4-5 ft. x 20 in. at base.

299-030D4     Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar' PP15193 is a Joy Creek Introduction. Truly a show-stopper with its dense and dramatic gold striping from the base of the grass to its top. It is exceptionally upright and compact in habit. At the end of October, burgundy inflorescences appear just above the blades. Try it in the mixed border or in a container. After 8 years, this finally grew to 5 feet in height. Great for use in pots and in small urban gardens. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late October. bloom   4-5 ft. x 20 in. at base.

299-031-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Breeze' PP22311       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Copper Red flowers
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Breeze'PPAF is a Joy Creek Introduction. This is a bigger and softer appearing version of Miscanthus 'Gold Bar'. Like 'Gold Bar', its blades have dense horizontal gold stripes from the base of the plant to its tip. Where the dark green blades of 'Gold Bar' are stiff, however, those of 'Gold Breeze' are broad, arching, and apple-green. The name conjures up the way the grass moves in the wind. When the showy red inflorescences appear in late August, they stand atop 6.5-ft. stems.  Fall bloom   7 ft. x 30 in.

299-004-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
This "most graceful" old cultivar is still a standard for grasses. The narrow green blades of Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus' form an arching fountain, taking on autumn tones of gold and later burgundy. The tawny inflorescences open late in September and early October. A Great Plant Picks selection.  September and early October. bloom   7 ft.

299-015-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Graziella'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
In our gardens, Miscanthus sinensis 'Graziella' (Pagels) is distinct from the other maiden grasses because of the burgundy reverses on the green blades and the darkness of the stems. The white midrib of the blades turns rosy as it matures. Silvery plumes.    7 ft.

299-025-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Grosse Fontaine'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
We were not prepared for the stunning autumnal copper and burgundy of the blades of Miscanthus sinensis 'Grosse Fontaine' (Pagels). The inflorescences fade to a lovely gold.    8 ft.

299-016-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Kirk Alexander'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
This gold barred grass is shorter, more compact and freer flowering than 'Zebrinus.' The apple green blades of Miscanthus sinensis 'Kirk Alexander' turn yellow in the fall. The inflorescences are coffee-colored.    6 ft.

299-026-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Malepartus'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Malepartus' (Pagels) is a sturdy grass with broad green blades that turn coppery with rose highlights in late summer. The thick burgundy stems bear plum colored inflorescences that fade to buff.  September. bloom   7 ft.

299-005-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The narrow silver-edged blades of Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light' create a shimmering magical effect. Suitable for gardens or containers. Six-foot stems bear red bronze tassels. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Fall. bloom   5 ft.

299-018-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'November Sunset'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'November Sunset' (Bluemel) has narrow crisp green leaves with white midribs. Blooms in late fall as the foliage reddens to the color of Madeira.  Late fall. bloom   6 ft.

299-019-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Puenktchen'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Puenktchen' (Pagels) is similar to Miscanthus 'Strictus' but even stiffer and more compact for us. The name means "little dot" and the cream barring on light green blades does resemble little dots on either side of the pale midrib. Tawny inflorences in November.  November. bloom   4 ft.

299-011-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Sarabande'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Sarabande' (Bluemel) has very narrow blades with a pronounced white midrib. Coppery inflorescences open russet in early September.  Early September. bloom   6 ft.

299-012-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberfeder'       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The name means "silver feather." The light pink-fading-to-silver inflorescences of Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberfeder' (Hans Simon) rise distinctly higher above the foliage than in many maiden grasses. The stems are somewhat rosy. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Late August. bloom   7 ft.

299-027-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberspinne'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
In mid-August, the claret stems of Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberspinne (Pagels)' hold young metallic pink inflorescences that fade to silver as they age. The foliage on this maiden grass is narrow and bright green. The name means "silver spider" which refers to the inflorescences.  Mid-August. bloom   6 ft.

299-007-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus' is often called the Porcupine grass, this gold-barred grass is similar to Miscanthus 'Zebrinus' but has stiff, not arching, blades, giving it a very architectural appearance and perhaps showing off the bars more clearly. Ruddy plumes.    9 ft.

299-028-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Undine'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
We selected Miscanthus sinensis 'Undine' for the Four Seasons Garden because of the graceful way it holds its foliage at right angles from the stem and because of the wonderful array of fall highlights in its narrow leaves.    7 ft.

299-003-1     Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Wide green leaves of Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus have a creamy central vein. Red purple plumes form in late summer. Taller and more robust than the species.    7 ft.

299-014-1     Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus 'Cabaret'       
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The blades of Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus 'Cabaret' are more than an inch across and are rich green with a bold irregular cream stripe down the middle. Combine this with other showstoppers like the dark leafed cannas. Coppery blooms very late in the season. Blades to 6 ft. Inflorescences to 9 ft. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Fall. bloom   6 ft.

299-021-1     Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus 'Cosmopolitan'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus 'Cosmopolitan' is almost the reverse of Miscanthus 'Cabaret' with white edged blades and a rich green central midrib. The towering inflorescences bloom very late here. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Fall. bloom   6-8 ft.

299-008-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'     ( White variegated Japanese silver grass )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The dark green leaves of Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus' are dramatically margined in white and form a graceful fountain. Reddish pink inflorescences. A Great Plant Picks selection.    7 ft.

299-009-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Yaku Jima'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
Due to its shorter mounding habit and its lower bloom spikes, Miscanthus sinensis 'Yaku Jima' is an ideal maiden grass for gardeners with smaller gardens. Very free flowering with golden tassels. A Great Plant Picks selection.    3-4 ft.

299-010-1     Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus'     ( Zebra grass )     
Sun     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The graceful arching leaves of Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus' are irregularly barred with golden stripes. A lovely sight when backlit by the sun. Milky cocoa plumes appear in late September.  Late September. bloom   8 ft.

299-034-1     Miscanthus transmorrisonensis 'Arnin's Weeping'       
Sun     Zones 6, 7, 8, 9
This selection of the evergreen species forms a spectacular specimen in our garden. Miscanthus transmorrisonensis 'Arnin's Weeping' produces dozens of bronze flowering stems that arch outward, sometimes just dusting the ground. Blooms are sequential so the show continues for an extended time. Inflorescences start purple and age to green. The blades are narrow green with a white central vein. Together with the stems they create a cascading rhythm in the landscape. This is only truly evergreen in Zones 7-8.  Late summer to autumn. bloom   5-6 ft. x 8 ft.

300-001-1     Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Skyracer'     ( Tall purple moor grass )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The name of Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Skyracer' describes so clearly the effect of the lofty, plum colored inflorescences that rise above the low clumping dark green foliage. Is said to need water but does well in our Dry Border.  Late September. bloom   7 ft.

300-001Qt     Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Skyracer'     ( Tall purple moor grass )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
The name of Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Skyracer' describes so clearly the effect of the lofty, plum colored inflorescences that rise above the low clumping dark green foliage. Is said to need water but does well in our Dry Border.  Late September. bloom   7 ft.

300-002     Molinia caerulea 'Variegata'     ( Variegated purple moor grass )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 5, 6, 7, 8 Purple Inflorescence flowers
Molinia caerulea 'Variegata' is one of the very easy to grow small clumping grasses. The creamy yellow and green variegated foliage makes the plant a top choice for the front of a mixed border. It is at its best in full sun but will tolerate a few hours of light shade during the day. Here in western Oregon we grow this Molinia in our full sun, gravel garden where we water it about three times a summer. It flowers in late summer with 2' airy, purple flower spikes which contrast beautifully with the variegated foliage. As the inflorescences age they turn a rich golden yellow that beautifully reflects the fall sunshine. In the 16 years that we have grown Molinia caerulea variegata we have only needed to divide it once to renew the plant. Molinia caerulea variegata is a Great Plant Picks selection.  Summer. bloom   2-2.5 ft. x 1.5 ft.

286-023     Monarda 'Aquarius'     ( Bee balm )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Light Pink Purple flowers
One of a series of Bee balms named for constellations in the Zodiac, Monarda 'Aquarius' has attractive purple pink and somewhat shaggy flowerheads that are very popular with the hummingbirds. They love to dip their beaks into the individual hooded flowers. The aromatic foliage is mildew resistant. When the flowers are spent, cut this back hard to promote new growth and later flowering.  Midsummer, late summer and early autumn. bloom   3-4 ft. x 3-4 ft.

286-002D4     Monarda 'Gardenview Scarlet'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet flowers
Monarda 'Gardenview Scarlet' is a big clump forming perennial with intoxicating foliage and bright whorled flowers. This form has especially large flowers and is said to be mildew resistant. If we see telltale signs of mildew (usually in early summer here) we cut back severely and promote new growth and later bloom.  Mid- to late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

286-013     Monarda 'Jacob Kline'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Scarlet Red flowers
Monarda 'Jacob Kline' is one of the best of the bee balms for mildew resistance. The long-blooming bright red flowers are ideal for a sunny border. The citrus-mint aroma of the foliage is an added bonus.  Summer. bloom   24 in. x 24 in.

286-010D4     Monarda 'Mahogany'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Wine Red flowers
What is most striking on Monarda 'Mahogany' is the persistent dark red-brown bracts beneath the wine red flowers. This does not bloom as long for us as some but it is dramatic when it is in bloom.  Summer. bloom   3.5 ft.

286-012D4     Monarda 'Marshall's Delight'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pink flowers
Monarda 'Marshall's Delight' is said to be mildew resistant but our Bee balms have rarely had mildew so we cannot say for certain. This is a compact plant with bright pink blooms over a long period.  Summer. bloom   30 in. x 30 in.

286-011D4     Monarda 'Prairie Night'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Lilac Purple flowers
Monarda 'Prairie Night' bears lilac-purple flowers with red flushed green bracts. We grow it in the pink section of the Four Seasons Garden.  Mid to late summer. bloom   3 ft. x 2 ft.

286-014D4     Monarda 'Raspberry Wine'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Rich Raspberry flowers
Monarda 'Raspberry Wine' wins the award for vigor, height, and length of bloom. Customers were raving about this in late spring when it started blooming and they were still asking for it in late August. Tall with rich raspberry flower and darker bracts.  Late spring to late summer. bloom   4 ft. x 4 ft.

286-020D4     Monarda 'Scorpion'     ( Bee balm )     
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Reddish Purple flowers
Monarda 'Scorpion' has attractive purple stems that complement the purple calyces surrounding the red-purple flowers. The effect is very eye-catching. And, of course, the foliage is highly aromatic.  June to August. bloom   4 ft.

740-014     Monardella villosa       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9 Rose flowers
We have come to really appreciate our many native Monardellas because of their extremely aromatic foliage and their drought tolerance. The rounded, lightly hairy green leaves of Monardella villosa have pinkish stems and are slightly puckered, even concave. The small, rounded flower heads are rose colored.  Early summer. bloom   1-2 ft. x 1-2 ft.

824-001     Muehlenbeckia sp.       
Sun     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow Green flowers
Muehlenbeckia sp. Is perhaps a form of M. axillaris. Shiny, small, dark green leaves are sparsely distributed down wiry dark red-brown stems. The tiny yellow green flowers appear in the leaf-axils. Use this spreading shrub to cover banks and other difficult sunny, dry areas. Also usefull for spilling out of a container or windowbox.  Late summer to mid-autumn bloom   8 in. x spreading.

444-003D4     Muhlenbergia dubia       
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Native to west Texas, New Mexico and Northern Mexico. Muhlenbergia dubia is a low, dense, clump-forming grass with finely textured, cylindrical green blades. This mostly evergreen grass is quite drought tolerant and makes an attractive addition to mediterranean borders. Airy plumes in late summer and early fall. Bloom spikes can rise up to 30 inches.  Late summer to fall. bloom   2-3 ft. x 2 ft.

444-006D4     Muhlenbergia lindheimeri     ( Lindheimer's muhly )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9, 10 Pinkish flowers
We have been growing muhly grasses for many years to test them in our Pacific Northwest climate. Muhlenbergia lindheimeri, sometimes known as Big muhly, is an impressive clumping grass from Texas. As a specimen it has a fountain-like form with fine, blue gray, semi-evergreen leaves. The tall, pipe cleaner-like flower stems rise up stiffly to five feet. The inflorescences have a pink tint as they open. This grass is truly drought-tolerant. We grow it in a no-water border where it has flourished.  Late summer. bloom   3.5-4 ft. x 3 ft.

444-004D4     Muhlenbergia rigens     ( Deer grass )     
Sun     Zones 7, 8, 9
Deer grass. Muhlenbergia rigens is native to low to middle elevation sites in the Southwest. This spiky evergreen grass with its stiff gray green foliage is an attractive addition to the dry border. The inflorescences reach 5 feet giving a touch of drama at the end of summer.  Late summer to fall. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

596-003     Mukdenia 'Karasuba'       
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
We have been growing Mukdenia (formerly Acerphyllum) rossii for nearly two decades and have been delighted to find new forms. The Japanese name of this selection can be translated as 'Raven's Wing' which perhaps describes the shape of the leaves which are cupped and raggedly lobed. Perhaps the burgundy color of the autumn foliage contributes to the name. In our mediterranean climate, we grow Mukdenia `Karasuba' in part shade. Early white flowers turn lightly pink as they age and look especially lovely agains the bronze in the young leaves. This herbaceous perennial can look attractive until the very hottest weather if it receives regular water.  Spring. bloom   1 ft. x 1 ft.

596-001-1     Mukdenia rossii       
Shade, Part Shade     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
(N. China, Korea) We received this large-leaved herbaceous perennial under the name Acerphyllum rossii about 20 years ago. Although the plant has easily survived the visicitudes of our weather, its former name has not. That fact and its geographical distribution suggest that this is much hardier than we rate it. As a woodlander, its glossy palmate leaves emerge in spring together with a bloom spike which consists of small white flowers. If the site is not too hot, dry or sun-lit, the very attractive leaves persist throughout the summer before they begin their decline. The leaves of this particular form are extra-large and less leathery than the other forms we grow.  Spring. bloom   5-6 in. x 12 in.

596-002     Mukdenia rossii 'Crimson Fans'       
Part Shade     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Mukdenia rossii 'Crimson Fans' ('Karasuba') is a Japanese selection of the woodland perennial that keeps the red coloration of its maple-like leaves all summer. Panicles of small bell-shaped flowers are early. These are slow to develop but very worthwhile. A Great Plant Picks selection.  Spring. bloom   12 in. x 16 in.

596-004     Mukdenia rossii 'Shishiba'       
Spring     Zones 7, 8, 9 White flowers
Diana Reeck from Collector's Nursery introduced us to Mukdenia rossii 'Shishiba'. The young, dark green palmate leaves are well divided and ruffled, forming the lion's-mane-like appearance which is suggested in the Japanese cultivar name. The leaves broaden out with age. The white flowers open in panicles held above the the foliage. In our gardens, the foliage persists until it is too hot or too dry and then tends to break down in preparation for winter dormancy.  Spring. bloom   14 in. x 16 in.

727-001-2     Musa basjoo     ( Hardy Banana )     
Sun     Zone 8-10 Cream flowers
With the rise of "tropicalismo" came the introduction of this lush, hardy banana to our gardens. Although Musa basjoo can get tall, ours is in the 5-to-6-foot range, with long bright green blades. We grow it with Cannas and Arundo donax 'Versicolor' in our Dinosaur Bed. It has never flowered for us, but with more heat it should bear small inedible bananas.  Summer. bloom   10 ft. x 12 ft.

480-002     Muscari armeniacum       
Sun     Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Blue flowers
Muscari armeniacum is ideal for naturalizing in sunny wild parts of the garden. The narrow green foliage appears in the autumn waiting for the spring when low densely clustered racemes of small urn-shaped flowers arise. This ephemeral show is very useful under herbaceous perennials and deciduous shrubs.  Spring. bloom   8 in. x indefinite.

885-001-1     Myrsine africans     ( Cape myrtle )     
Sun, Part Shade     Zones 8, 9, 10 Yellow Brown flowers
Thanks to our friends at Xera Plants who introduced us to Myrsine africans and encouraged us to ignore warnings about lack of hardiness. Rounded, shiny dark green leaves are attractive against the red stems. This is a great low to mid-sized shrub to use in the backbone of a small garden.  Late spring. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

813-001     Myrtus communis       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
We have found Myrtus communis to be moderate in growth but well worth the wait. The shiny, small evergreen leaves make this a useful structural plant. It is also highly aromatic. The leaves are fragrant when crushed and the flowers have a unique scent that is not sweet but peppery. The white flowers have so many long stamens that they appear to be fuzzy. This versatile shrub can be grown successfully in coastal areas and can also be pruned to form a hedge.  July to August. bloom   10 ft. x 10 ft.

813-002D4     Myrtus communis subsp. tarentina       
Sun     Zones (7), 8, 9 White flowers
Myrtus communis subsp. Tarentina is a compact form of myrtle with semi-glossy, narrow, green leaves that are aromatic when crushed. During the winter, the evergreen foliage takes on reddish tones. The white flowers are blushed with pink. This is a terrific small shrub for a hot, dry site.  Summer to early autumn. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.

813-003D4     Myrtus communis subsp. tarentina 'Microphylla Variegata'       
Sun     Zones 8, 9 White flowers
The leaves on this showy, small evergreen shrub are white margined. Because Myrtus communis subsp. tarentina 'Microphylla Variegata' is slow growing, it is ideal for small, sunny spaces with good drainage. The small white flowers are aromatic.  Late summer to early autumn. bloom   3 ft. x 3 ft.


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